Week 9 Notes
Popular in General Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 0 page Bundle was uploaded by Colean Notetaker on Sunday November 1, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 11762-002 at Kent State University taught by John Updegraff in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 11/01/15
Psych John A Updegraff Week 9 Notes Development 0 what are the changes that occur from being born throughout life Newborns have a number of Survival Re exes 1 Rooting if you touch their cheek they open their mouth and search for the nipple 2 Swallowing if you put something on their lips they swallow 3 Moro If you startle them they arch their back and their arms ing out sideways 4 Grasping If you put a finger in their palm they ll grasp it 5 Stepping If you hold them up they ll step forward Newborns orient towards human faces and voices Newborns recognize the sound of mother s voice 1 Many visual abilities Newborns lack fully developed color vision Many colors washedout can t discriminate grays from blues 2 Newborns can t focus well at things beyond 812in 3 3dimensional vision Infants won t respond to visual cliff until they ve been crawling for 2 weeks 4 Many basic cognitive abilities Newborns haven t learned causeeffect relationships yet For newborns if they can t see it it doesn t exist Children are active thinkers constantly trying to construct more advanced understandings of the world Schema A concept or framework that helps us organize and interpret the world around us Assimilation Interpreting one s new experiences in terms of an old schema Accommodation Modifying one s schema so that it can incorporate new information Sensorimotor stage 02yrs Children discover by sensing and doing Children begin differentiating old things and new things video Can observe this through habituation or EEG measurements Schema of causality develops If I do A then B happens object permanence develops Object Permanence the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceivedseen Habituation babies want to stare at things that are new and exciting not old and boring This tendency happens at about three months of life in the SensoryMotor Stage Preoperational stage 26yrs Language develops Theory of Mind develops ability to take another s perspective 46 years old Concrete operational stage 612yrs Conservation develops principle that properties like mass volume and numbers remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects Ex Give a child two identical cookies Kids without conservation if you cut a cookie into eight pieces and cut one into four pieces and ask them which one they want they will want the one that has eight pieces even though it s the same because they think it has more Kids with conservation if you ask them which one they want they wont care which one they have because they know it s the same amount Formal operational stage 12 yrs Abstract thinking develops Was Piaget Right For the most part yes Some things he wasn t exactly right about Genes and social environment matter too not just age Some kids progress faster than Piaget describes Transitions are not as smooth as his theory suggests Attachment An emotional tie with another person The quality of the motherchild relationship sets the tone for many future social relationships Harry Harlow discovered that monkeys raised without mothers had serious social problems when they were older Harlow tried to isolate the important mother factor Food and nourishment Comforting physical contact Safe Haven When distressed an attachment figure provides a source of comfort Secure Base When in new environment an attachment figure offers a sources of affection and security that promotes exploration In humans quality of attachment is measured using the strange situation test Infant mother and stranger in a room Mother leaves room infant is with stranger Mother returns Both mother and stranger leave room infant is alone Stranger returns Mother returns Mother encourages baby to explore Focus is on the baby s response when mother leaves and when mother returns Secure attachment style 66 of US babies In presence of mother child freely explores but may return for reassurance When mother leaves child is distressed When mother returns child seeks contact Avoidant attachment style 20 In presence of mother child may explore but less than securely attached child When mother leaves child rarely cries or may show anger When mother returns child avoids her AnxiousAmbivalent attachment style 12 Even in presence of mother child may show anxiety When mother leaves child is distressed When mother returns child seeks contact but also resists it by kicking or squirming Reactions to the Strange Situation Test SST at 1218 months is a good predictor of future social and academic skills
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