Sociology Notes October 19-November 9th
Sociology Notes October 19-November 9th SOC 112-001
Popular in American Family: Change & Diversity
Popular in Sociology
verified elite notetaker
This 0 page Bundle was uploaded by Alec Resendez on Tuesday November 10, 2015. The Bundle belongs to SOC 112-001 at Illinois State University taught by Jennifer Woodruff in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see American Family: Change & Diversity in Sociology at Illinois State University.
Reviews for Sociology Notes October 19-November 9th
You can bet I'll be grabbing Alec studyguide for finals. Couldn't have made it this week without your help!
-Mrs. Tabitha Donnelly
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 11/10/15
October 19 2015 to November 9th SOC 112 Notes Changing in Women s Roles Timeline 1800 5 of women worked outside of home 1900 30 2009 59 Labor Force Participation Rates Population 16 and older Men from 2008 73 to 2018 706 Women from 2008 595 to 2018 587 IT S A GIRL extra credit Killing infant movie Great Depression 1920s1930s Many Women entered the labor force to supplement income Majority were married 25 unemployment rate As a Result Many states produced laws limiting or eliminating job opportunities for married women kept women from competing for job with men Kept women at home Employment relief services often did not help women World War 2 1940s Large percentage of men enlist in military Lack of Labor Force produced jobs for women This included heavy industry Government recruited women to work as a sign of patriotism Childcare funded for and provided by government However Many women laid off when men returned to work Childcare provided by the government was discontinued Government encouraged women to do their duty at home Changes for women at work Equal pay Job Integration Sexual Harassment Laws Equal Pay for Equal Work In 1872 Congress passes law that federal employees all make some wages despite sexes In 1963 Equal Pay Act making it illegal for employers to pay a women less than what a men would receive for the same job What is the wage gap The difference in income between men and women On average Men make 40668 per year Women Make 30742 per year on AVERAGE a women will lose 522000 in unequal pay Why is there a wage gap Differences in pay for jobs occupied by men and women Rate of promotion and hiring ratio Difficulty maintaining a job in a field occupied primarily by men Quality of jobs available for women Consequences for pregnancy and pre postural care Less hours worked than men because of household responsibilities Pressure NOT to work The Childcare Debate Men can choose to have children and choose to be admitted to the workforce because they ve already established that women will be doing the caring work relieving them of the workfamily con ict Which age group has an income average that is most even to men Test Question 1624 ages Minimum wage jobs not starting a family Occupational Sex Segregation Jobs separated by sex The degree to which men and women are concentrated in occupations in which workers of one sex predominate Top Ten Male Occupation Construction worker 976male Mechanic 953 male Machine operation 64 male Truck Driver 947 Protective Service worker796 mal Top Ten Female Secretaries 961 female Childcare 947 female Receptionist 927 female Teachers Assistant 924 female Registered Nurses 914 female Accounting Clerks 900 female Elementary and Middle School Teachers 818 female Why is there Gender Segregations Women and Men are Socialized differently and choose to go into different fields Structural obstacles discourage women from entering maledominated jobs and from advancing once employed Old show and New Show things that are and not allowed on tv Drugs nudity Changes in the Economy October 26 2015 The Great depression and beyond Carrying Capacity 0 The number of people that can be supported by the area through physical resources and the way people use those resources I Running out of things to hunt Agricultural Revolution 0 8000 BB 0 Agricultural Production 0 Slow Population Growth Industrial Revolution 0 Led to a population explosion 1750 O Reached a carrying capacity within agriculture 0 Quality of life improves leading to greater life expectancy Enter The industrial revolution 0 Factories 0 Schools 0 Banks 0 Doctors 0 Insurance companies Changes Led to the Family Transition 1600s Families were selfsufficient and performed many functions A Family Revolution in New England had taken over many of the family functions The American Family in 1900 Families had an average of 34 children 1 in 7 homes had a bath tub 1 in 13 had a telephone A dozen eggs was 14 35 of the American Population was in the Midwest Average worker made 970 per week 74 of American was run on coal for power 76 million americans The American Family Today Average 2 children family 23 of the US population in the Midwest Average American makes 739 dollars per week Marriage in 1900 Men married on average at 26 years of age Women at 22 years of age 55750 divorces granted Marriage today 28 years old for first marriage for men 27 years old for first marriage for women proximally 1 in 2 marriages end in divorce Life Expectancy in 1900 Life expectancy was low 0 487 years for white women 0 335 non white women 0 466 for white men 0 325 for non white men Life expectancy Today 81 years for white women 76 years for white men 77 for African American women 70 for African American men Today s Poverty Rate 16 Poverty Threshold A family of four earning 23550 or less Poverty in the United States 50 million Americans in poverty 47 million of them on welfare 1 in 5 children in poverty 16 of US population in poverty 17 million on less than 2 dollars a day National Unemployment Rate 51 September 2015 0 Labor force statistics Illinois Unemployment Rate 60 Medicare is what is given to you when you turn 65 from government Copays are high and covers medical cost Supposed to be retired but still working Per person 14000 a year cost of Medicare Medicaid Debt Average American family is 225 2238 in debt 0 Mortgage 0 Auto Loans 0 Student Loans 0 Credit Cards 59 of Americans have less than 500 in savings Average Debts Average Mortgage Debt 155192 Student Loans 32986 Average Auto Loans 32264 Credit Card Debt Average credit card debt 15611 Total 8565 Billion 0 Test Questions Average person has 7 credit cards a person Home owner ship goes down when economy is going down What set in motion the Great Depression Occurred in 1930s borrowing of money By 1933 25 of the workforce was unemployed Why Supply and Demand Companies anticipated demand created shares and produced more product People were not buying Panic selling of stocks by investors devalued the stock and grounded the market What caused The Great Depression False sense of prosperity Global crisis following WWI Poor stock management The stock market crash of 1929 Bank Failures Lack of available credit Lack of Consumer Spending High Unemployment rates Dust Bowl 0 Drought in the Midwest wipes out of corn or wheat soybeans for 23 years 0 Agriculture in the pits Dry and Windy O Drought from 19301936 0 Hundreds of farmers were unemployed because their farm lands were useless False Sense of Prosperity The Golden Age of Agriculture Uneven wealth distribution wealthiest 1 accounted for 40 of nations wealth New Technologies increased spending False sense of prosperity from war sales Bank Failures People feared the crash would close their banks withdrew money This caused banks to fail By 1923 11000 of the 25000 banks in the US had failed Delays Couples delayed getting married Divorce rate dropped couples remained married because they couldn t afford legal fees Test Question Majority of couples that broke up during great depression Broke up because of abandonment not divorce Gender Roles Changed Unemployed men had to rely on wife and children to help make ends meat Many men deserted their families because they couldn t support them 0 By 1940 s 14 million women had been deserted Others gave up looking for jobs loss of identity as bread winner Breakthrough for women Married women worked outside the home despite society s opposition Women attained more power and say within the family Effects on Minorities Majority government aid and programs targeted unemployed white males ImmigrantsEspecially Mexicans were illegally deported to make more jobs for white men Homelessness People Lost homes from lack of money Families would live together in caves sewers shacks to survive Some larger cities provided places for homeless to sleep 250000 children homeless Quality of Life Families neglected medical and dental care Families were starving often forgoing milk and meat Children Left School to work 0 225 million Boys and girls 1018 worked for substandard wages
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'