Week 1 & 2 notes
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Leah Wilson on Tuesday January 27, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PBIO 2060 at Ohio University taught by Arthur Trese in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Sustainable Agriculture in Biology at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 01/27/15
11215 Domesticating Animals made ecological sense we control them 0 O 0 feed them protect them manage breeding and reproduction indian elephants O O O O Wh these animals What do they have in common simplify our lives herdflock animals 0 O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O Y O O 0 types of domesticated animals 0 used for transportation other forms of manual labor however they are NOT domesticated capture it from the wild but do not breed examples of domesticated animals goats sheep cows chickens ducks horses pigs dogs donkey cats rabbits guinea pigs water buffalo bulls oxen camels pigeons turkeys geese alpaca llamas fish reindeer Lecture 1 diet is adjustable we don t have to give them our food for them to thrive ruminants I cows sheep goats oxen camels llamas alpaca reindeer 0 they each have multiple stomachs rumen to digest food then it goes to the reticulum to be ground up the reticulum coughs the food back up to the mouth to be chewed up more cud swallows again and is sent to the omasum where the bacteria digests cellulose then it goes to the abomasum where the bacteria is digested there 0 Ruminants are used for theirflesh milk blood leather dung work 0 They eat grass and don t compete with us 0 horsesdonkeys gt used for work speed transportation warfare I thrive on richer diets notjust grain or they can freeze to death I taboo against eating 0 expensive valuable animals 0 have more personal relationship 0 horse meat is used for animal food 11415 Sustainable Agriculture Ruminants Review 0 have four digestive chambers 0 eat 2x a day 0 chew cud o ruminate to sit and think on something Pollan Article 0 feeding cows corn 0 can t properly digest corn 0 fed antibiotics to aid digestion and health Why Domesticate Pigs o omnivores 0 eat garbage 0 think of Charlotte s Web 0 foragers for food 0 below ground 0 great sense of smell to locate food Lecture 2 high birth rate 0 12 in a litter 0 2x a year in domestication small meal 0 quicker to slaughter 0 don t have to wait as long to slaughter very intelligent animals prefer to roll around in wet areas 0 mud o sometimes waste if nothing else is moist choose one spot in a pen as a latrine Why Domesticate ChickensTurkeys Wh oooo ltoooooooo omnivores forage eat bugs worms seeds and almost anything turkeys domesticated initially for feathers chickens sometimes domesticated for cock fighting provide eggs can eat flesh 1 chicken 1 meal for a family feathers can be used Geese and Ducks foraging eat grass eggs flesh grain in confinement foie gras fatty liver 0 containment force feed in California it is illegal to slaughter sick animals Rabbits and Guinea Pigs Dogs rabbits 0 high reproduction rate 0 1 meal at time 0 eat grass 0 not ruminants I eat own poop still not sure of the first reason that dogs were domesticated good companions good hearders protectors hunters omnivores 0 camp waste can be food for people 0 often taboo Cats 0 carnivores o farming 0 grain storage I mice or rat control Gods Egypt taboo against eating cat almost universally 20 of college students consider themselves to be vegetarian many farmers don t want to raise animals the way they do as it can be inhumane but it doesn t make sense to raise them in a more humane manner because there is no positive economic outcome 0 2014 super bowl sunday 12 billion chicken wings were consumed 12115 Lecture 3 Animal Welfare on Farms 0 allows any practice as long as it is industry standards 0 could be applied to human based crimes such as sex trafficking other people do this so why is it a crime if I do it I Chickens exempted Not even considered to be animals in terms of treatment Urban Farming Video 0 tips 0 test soil for lead 0 raise beds for crops 0 start slow with one or two crops that are appreciated Chipotle o stopped serving pork as of last week because the pork is raised below their standards Plant Agriculture 0 top 10 based 0 value weighttonnage based on calories human consumed or animal consumed uses beyond consumption acreage o tonnage corn wheat rice baney 0000 0000 rye oats millet sorghum soybeans legumes cassava potatoes sweet potatoes 0 tubers o bananasplantain sugar cane o Grasses small seeds 0 high density of nutrients 0 seeds go dormant store for years 0 against famine o tubers don t go dormant o shorter shelf life 0 46 months max 0 high water content I more space needed I less dense nutrients I
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