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Lectures for exam 2

by: Chanah Fallin

Lectures for exam 2 engl 2200

Chanah Fallin

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About this Document

notes covering the wife of baths tales, tang and tamil poetry, and the pillow book
World Literature before 1600
Lindsay Doukopoulos
english, world lit before 1600, the wife of baths tales, tang and tamil poetry, and the pillow book
75 ?




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This 8 page Bundle was uploaded by Chanah Fallin on Wednesday March 30, 2016. The Bundle belongs to engl 2200 at Auburn University taught by Lindsay Doukopoulos in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see World Literature before 1600 in ENGLISH (ENG) at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 03/30/16
The Pillow Book author:Sei Shonagon 1000 ad japan, Japanese…borrowed a lot from Chinese and confucian classics first woman author *historical 794-1185: characterized by flourishing culture of court aristocracy emphasis on aesthetics, how you acted, talked, how handwriting looked etc. Chinese was the official lang, but Japanese lit broke new ground w the women who wrote -focus: on the daily life of an attendant to one of the empresses valued beauty, and judged others by 1. poetry 2. handwriting 3. manners beauty: goodness aristocratic men and women: powdered w blackened teeth male courtly ideal: mustache and thin goatee female: shiny black hair, mouths painted small and red, eyebrows shaved and redrawn higher costumes: determined by office and season with woman’s robes following certain colors herself and friends vs. a public audience? how would this change the type of writing? -diary: you don't perform or write for others -intended to be a notebook to record stray thoughts and observations. the fact that it exists at all is interesting bc paper is rare. more fuel to the idea that it was meant to be found -court: she secured her place here because of her wit and intelligence, not because of appearance -shows little sympathy for those unfortunates whose poverty and ignorance rendered them ridiculous in her eyes ^literary non fiction first to write in a personal life experience. personal independent person as beautiful and interesting *style: anecdote, lyrics, and lists -anecdote: story of “snow mountain” -lyrics: lines of poetry characterized by focus on imagery instead of plot -lists: most interesting and beautiful sections of the pillow book. created meaning through accumulation rather than chronology, plot, etc. visual collage, ind. items take on additional meaning through proximity to other seemingly unconnected items. -stories where she looks good above others -images of people, nature, courtly life, imagined life. -appreciation through accumulation of ^^^ *organization of the pillow book -non linear, no plot, aristottle would not approve -critics call it “bizarre, haphazard arrangement” which captures well the spasmodic rhythms of real life -why would a writer want to capture real life? why do others write fantasies and fairy tales with endings they can control? -what kind of writer are you? *it can be divided into 4 thematic subcateories choose one and find 3 ex. nature, men, dislikes, likes The Classical Tamil Lyric Lyric poem: Doesnt tell a story 3rd century lang: tamil country: india Region: Tamil Nadu cankam poetry term for the whole body of tamil poems meaning poetry of the academy or fraternity, a community trianed in grammar, rhetoric, poetics, and ethics akam poems (interior) deals w heart, love, self, the interiority of experience, home, family, private and domestic spheres puram poems (exterior) deals w an individuals experience of his or her public world, the shared world of war, social conflict, ethics, and community; of kings, heroes, poets, and ordinary citizens. how could a predominantly rural community, with no connections to an empire, create a body of poetry that has such range and depth in its representation of human experience? ^what makes it possible for classical tamil poetry to match in its qualities the classical poetry in imperial and urban languages such as greek and latin, sanskrit and mandrin? “close reading” -goal is to come to a deeper understanding of the poem -no single method -cankam poems are an ideal poetry to begin with because of the codified symbols -most important first step is to have a pencil in your head as you read -annotate the poem, underline key words, write questions in the margins, draw lines to connect patterns within the stanzas *line: more important than sentences-breaks add meaning to the end words *stanza: is to poetry what paragraphs are to prose-separated by white space, not indented *imagery: nouns you can taste, touch, smell, see, or hear *symbol: images that you can argue have connotative as well as denotative meaning *metaphor: comparison *simile: uses like or as *diction: words chosen by the poet *tone: the attitude the speaker takes toward their subject, revealed through the diction five landscapes: cankam symbology ancient tamils conceived of an individuals inner world as consisting of five symbolic and figurative “interior landscapes” represent 5 principals phases of love individual in a specific phase of love is thought to inhabit a particular type of natural landscape, whose properties permeant their experience *5 phases 1. lovers unions 1. took place at night, on hillsides 2. separation, anxious waiting, and secret meetings 1. night fall, seashore 3. hardship 1. dessert, harsh light of day, wilderness, heat of the sun 4. happiness after marriage and patient waiting 1. evening 5. unfaithfulness after marriage 1. morning, agricultural lowlands, loved ones meet others working in the fields Question and answer in the Mountains They ask me why I live in the green mountains. I smile and don’t reply; my hearts at ease. Peach blossoms flow downstream, leaving no trace- and there are other earths and skies than these. *cutting off communication from society, on his own agaisnt the world. the world is where peach blossoms flow downstream, not up stream. *why choose the peach blossom? why choose a blossom at all? the time of year is spring. bigger interpretations: everyone feels a disassociation w nature, and a connection w other worlds. a way of understanding human experiences by looking at this poem. tang poetry 618-903 china question of translation cannot be underestimated *considered the Greatest poetry in chinese lit. -li bo and du fu complete opposites but considered greatest *value of poetry -everyone wrote poetry -technical competence in composing poetry=critical to passing the civil service examination -not entertainment but a form of thoughtful meaningful communication we see them now in music, in cards, they are seen as sentimental and romantic -unless we read the ancient chinese dialect in which the poems were written, were reading these poems in translation -if you were to translate a poem, would you put moe emphasis on the original words? double meanings? etc. -where would the translators loyalties lie? close reading goal: come to a deeper understanding no single method translation of single du fu poem light breeze on the fine grass i stand alone at the mast stars lean on the vast wild plain moon bobs in the great rivers spate… The Wife of Bath’s Tale, the Canterbury tales chaucer “old english” Whats more important: faithfulness or beauty? Father of English language, greatest english poet of the middle ages first poet buried in the poets corner of westminster abbey General Prologue set up each of the 13 pilgrims on the trip and lays out the “game” each pilgrim will tell 2 tales on the way there and on the way back Chaucer never finished the project laid out in the GP, scholars disagree on whether that was his intention or if it was like 1001 nights where it creates a frame of stories as time changes stories etc. -catholic church is the source of all authority: spiritual,legal, scientific, philosophical, domestic etc. -Letin is its lang -social hierarch god n e m virgins widows who don't remarry married women animals genre secular sermon: sermon + exemplum = prologue + tale 3 part division: justification of her attitudes toward sex and marriage first 3 marriages: worst men 4/5 marriages: best men but values them the least “experience, though no authority were in this world, is right enough for me to speak of the woe that is in marriage..but it was told to me not so long ago, that since our christ did ever go to a wedding, in cana in galilea, that by that same example, he taught that only one time should i wedded be” ^Christ only went to one wedding: you should only wed once? but she wed 5 times. trying to convince “different schools can turn out perfect clerks, and different practices in sundry works make the workman perfect, its no lie…”(47-53) “where can you say, in any kin do fage, that our high god has forbidden marriage expressly, in a word? I pray, tell me. Or where did he command virginity? …”(65-78) **what she believes about marriage and love and how it differs from society and the church “virginity thus is great perfection, and also continence spurred by devotion, but christ, who of perfection is the well, bade not that every person should go sell all that he has and give it to the poor, and follow in his footsteps thus, for sure. he spoke to those who could live perfectly, and my lords, by your leave, that is not me. I will bestow the flower of my life, in married acts and fruits, and be a wife” (111-119) “ a husband i will have, i wont stop yet who shall be both my debtor and my slave, with tribulation…”(160-168) knight must find out what women want to avoid beheading. finds an old woman and must marry her when she gives him the answer. **what similarities are there between the wife of bath and the tale she tells? beauty and unfaithful or ugly and faithful knight gives up power, and is rewarded with beauty and faithful too. how does it relate to the wife of bath? what is the lesson about love and marriage presented? compromise, give up trust, women as equal in power
 how is it similar and different from the lessons about love and marriage we've read about this semester? similar as women in charge and protofeminist, different in that men give up power willingly and are rewarded for it instead of major consequences


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