Chapter 5 Outline
Chapter 5 Outline Dance 101
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This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Mackenzie Shapiro on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Dance 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Diane Valle in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Dance at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 11/12/15
Dance 101- Chapter 5 Outline 1. Ballet a. Has 400-year-old European heritage b. Combines the spectacle of music with physical virtuosity c. Shows the highly stylized ideal of social behavior d. Originated in the royal courts e. Fish dive- ballerina dives head first into her partner’s arms, he catches her, her body steadies on his knee f. Start training around the age of ten, attend class 6 days a week g. Work in class begins at the barre h. First exercise is usually the plie i. Then dancers move to the middle of the room and perform similar tasks without the support, then women go on to practice pointe and men practice leaps and turns j. George Balanchine A. 35 years ballet master of the new York city ballet B. taught 90 minute company class C. explored new combinations D. weed out bad habits E. choreography was called “neo classical” because it was built on inherited vocab to create something new k. European Courts and Ballet A. performers were careful to never turn their back on the royal presence B. when ballet moved from ballroom to the theatre, the presence took up residence in the royal box C. when the european courts lost power, upper and middle class patrons of ballet took power D. presence in the theatre was a way of demonstrating social hierarchy l. Fanny Elssler A. Austrian born star of the Paris Opera Ballet B. ^arrived in NY in 1840 C. spread to Washington DC, all congressman went to her performance m. 19 century A. romantic ballet B. en pointe became the hallmark of the female dancer C. men were in charge behind the scenes D. ballerinas danced in heelless slippers with some stuffing inside and sticking on the outside to improve traction E. dancers ability to project an image of the human body in the service of a higher ideal n. Marie Taglioni A. The original Sylphide B. After each lesson on pointe it was said she would faint and have to be coaxed back into consciousness C. La Belle au bois Dormant- Sleeping beauty o. See “ballet fashions” for fashion and more names and info of ballets p. By the 1840’s, impresarios were staging evenings in which the most famous ballerinas appeared in snippets of dance q. In paris, males were confined to supporting roles r. The American ballet theatre presented its first fill length American production in 1976 s. 2. Kabuki/Japan a. 400-year-old Japanese heritage b. combines spectacles of contrast, props, sound effects, grand gestures, music c. explores conflicts of desire vs. duty d. originated in a prostitution district e. the “wind up” is important f. kabuki meant “off center” or “out of kilter” g. onnagat- “woman person” or the dancers playing female roles A. practices with a sheet of paper between his knees h. Bando Tamasaburo- a tall slender man in his forties A. Highly paid performer B. Personal servants C. Played Macbeth D. Introduced to kabuki at 6 E. Thought it would help cure his polio i. Young leaners are taught kabuki usually one on one by family members j. Training begins at 5 and by 6 you can be on stage k. Nakamura Utaemon VI- living national treasure of kabuki l. Ichikawa Ennosuke- kabukis most versatile performer m. Women dance kabuki in womans clubs n. Okuni A. Began attracting audiences by claiming to have danced near a shrine near Kyoto B. In 1603 she was invited to perform for the emperor C. She organized a danced troupe with props, plots, and instruments borrowed from the No theatre D. Died in 1620 th o. A painted folding screen captures some 17 century performances A. A woman poses in the center of the stage (possibly Okuni) B. She holds a fan, has hair over her temples, has a sword in her sash p. One of the early staples of kabuki was the assignation scene q. Government banned woman from kabuki stage in 1629 r. Continued with young boys playing the parts s. 1652, government declared only adult men could perform kabuki t. Tokugawa Shogunate emerged triumphant at the beginning of the 17 century A. The shoguns established their capital in Edo (now Tokyo) B. Shogun can be translated as “barbarian subduing great general” C. Head of households had to post his rank outside his house D. You could tell ones rank by how their hair is cut E. First were daimyo (land owning lords), then the samurai (warriors), then three ranks of commoners. Famers, priests and artisans, and finally the merchants F. Social order rested on family loyalty and feudal loyalty G. Most important virtue was obedience H. Someone who couldn’t endure his or her lot, the socially acceptable way to escape was suicide u. Caste systems A. At the bottom was workers in less savory trades like prostitutes and kabuki performers B. Pleasure quarter- neighborhoods for prostitutes C. After 1657, kabuki was prohibited outside the theatre district D. They did this to fix the social order v. Samurai A. Swore an oath of loyalty to his lord B. Worst fate for a warrior was to be severed from his lords service to the status of a masterless samurai C. To carry out ones duty according to the social order was good, to put personal desires ahead of social obligations was bad D. The style of a persons clothes was regulated by caste E. Houses had to be unostentatious and there was even a law regulating how to decorate a cake F. When samurai became poor, they ran up bills with the merchants who were getting rich serving as middleman w. Kabuki was tolerated at the theatre district x. Went from morning to dusk y. Beggers got in free z. Nature of the performance A. Spectators were “pressed together like human sushi” B. Because the performances lasted all day, people would bring meals or buy from vendors C. No chairs, everyone sat on straw mats D. Cheapest tickets were for the pit E. For more money you could sit in a box raised higher F. Lighting is uniform throughout the theatre G. Entrances and exits take place on a raised runway that runs through the pit H. Spectators have to keep turning their heads from one part of the stage to another I. Samurai often wore straw hats to hide their face in the audience J. Kabukis biggest fans were merchants th K. By the end of the 18 century, a first class ticket to a hit show was worth enough to buy rice for 2 adults and a child for 6 months L. The merchant would arrive wearing a kimono prescribed by law M. A heroic commoner turns the tables of bad samurai, a quick witted outlaw, a woman sold to prostitution by her husband falls in love with a customer (both end up commiting a dual suicide on stage) N. In the middle of a scene a performer may turn his back to drink a cup of tea aa. Primary appeal of kabuki is sensuous ab. Come to the theatre to see striking images ac.Kabuki performer never sheds a real tear on stage ad. Kata- forms or models A. Manuals list hundreds of kata B. Some require elaborate machinery C. Others are designed by a particular reading of a line D. Roppos- a special class of kata, entrances or exits in which a performer hurtles down the runway ae. Performers acquire names not given by birth af. Shosagoto- “posture business” or plays in which the narrative element is less important than pure dance ag. Dance pieces/platforms A. Performed on special wooden platforms B. Performed in thick cotton socks C. Hollow structure helps the sound of stomping feet D. Typifies the care that kabuki brings to every detail of staging 3. More kabuki a. The dancing maiden at the dojo temple A. Most famous kabuki dnace B. Girl whos love is spurned for a priest C. Turns into a snake demon and destroys the templs bell and the priest D. Sequel years later E. A dancer named Hanako asks to enter the dojo temple F. Shes allowed only if she dances G. She is possessed by the previous maiden H. At the end she tranforms into a snake demon and destroys the new bell I. Several versions: hour long solo (1753) J. See jap. Folklore K. Onstage chorus chants the traditional story L. Onstage musicians play drums, flutes, and the three stringed instrument called samisen M. Pace is slow at first but gradually increases N. Hanako will mimick times from the past b. Kabuki has over 350 plays c. Aragoto- rough stuff, bravura style of acting A. Originated in edo in the 17 century B. Many men represent superman of the Hercules type with strength lines painted on them C. Wear outsized costumes and some carry 3 swords D. The louder the better E. Facial antics owe something to the cult of Fudo F. The inaugurator- ichikawa danjuro I G. Superior to other men in power d. Wagoto- soft style A. Sensitivity is his strength B. Movements are refined C. Eagerness to give it all up for love e. Mie A. Used to heighten dramatic attention B. Performer freezes in a pose that may last up to 10-12 seconds C. This is called cutting a mie D. Signifies the overpowering emotion like anger E. Some plays have up to 7 or 8 mies f. The village school A. Popular play B. Matsuo, samurai called “the heartless”, is torn between 2 life and death obligations C. The 9 yr old son of his enemy is to be beheaded D. He is sent to verify the execution E. He feels obligated to save the boy so he needs a different head F. He chooses to sacrifice his own son G. He has a breaking heart now g. Meiji Restoration in 1868 A. A government replaced a moribund shogunate , kabuki was on the way to reaching classical status h. After wwII, the tradition of kabuki was revived with the approval of Americal Occupation Forces 4. Classical Theatre a. Is endorsed by powerful social forces who refuse to let it die b. Expensive and time consuming c. Requires specially designed theatres, costumes, props, sets d. Includes stories e. Has a repertory that must be maintained 5. Japanese folklore a. Snake has 9 lives b. Costume changes show the snake shedding his skin 6. Europe a. Louis XV A. Courting a new mistress at the costume ball of 1745 b. Dancing at Court at Versailles A. High, tight armholes B. Boned corsets to tighten the waist C. Floor length skirts D. Powdered wigs that weighed as much as 20 pounds E. Wigs were undone one a month for delousing F. Dancing shoes came with pointed toes G. Heels formed at a right angle H. Standard costume for ballet heroes: armor with helmet, blouse, cape, and hooped skirt, and leather soled buskins I. In upperclass ballrooms, people wore masks c. Marie Camargo/ Salle A. Camargo shortened her skirt to show off her leaps in 1726 B. Her rival, Marie Salle, stayed close to the floor C. In 1729 salle dared to dance without a mask d. In 1760, Jean Georgge Noverre, a ballet master, published a broadside against European ballerinas A. Staged a Jason and Medea and an Amor and Psyche B. Collaborated with Christoph Willibald Gluck on the opera Orpheaus C. Biggest success in 1754 with the evening of divertissements e. Charles Perrault A. Courtier at Versailles B. Wrote a book arguing that Louis XIV was a greater monarch than emperor augustus f. La Fille Mal Gardee A. A farmers daughter loves a poor peasant and her mom wants her to marry a wealthy suitor B. Reminiscent of commedia dell’arte stereotypes C. Fanny elssler danced it in her American tour in 1842 g. Flor et Zephyre A. 1796, staged by Charles Louis Didelot B. dancers were suspended from wires so they could balance on their toes and even fly C. male dancers supported the female in order for them to pose h. St, Petersburg A. Founded by peter the great in 1703 as russias window to Europe B. Commanded the Russian nobles and their wives to learn French court dances and to dance in his presence C. In 1735, the royal academy of dance was established D. Ballet masters were imported from Austria, france, and Italy by Catherine the great (1762-1796) E. 1801- Charles didelot came and brought ballet standards up F. in 1869, Marius Petipa took over the St Petersburg ballet G. now housed in Maryinsky theatre H. developed an amazing company I. high point of classical ballet: creation of La belle au bois dormant (sleeping beauty) in 1890 J. composer was Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky i. England A. Serge Diaghilev staged sleeping beauty in London in 1921 B. Sadlers wells production os 1939 established britains royal ballet as a national institution j. The American ballet theatre presented its first fill length American production in 1976 7. Ballet Fashions and technicalities a. By midcentury ballroom gowns had lengthened and swelled again b. Tights were introduced around 1810 c. Taglioni and elssler danced in loose skirts that came down no lower than their calves revealing their footwork d. Ballerinas went up on their toes solely by mussle e. New mission: to express the beauty of the spirit that transcends the flesh f. The toe dancers held center stage g. White ballets- named for the dancers elegantly revealing tutus of white gauze, and the focus was effortless flights into a realm beyond
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