Chapter 6 Outline
Chapter 6 Outline Dance 101
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This 0 page Bundle was uploaded by Mackenzie Shapiro on Thursday November 12, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Dance 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Diane Valle in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Dance Appreciation in Dance at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 11/12/15
Chapter 6 Outline 1 What started the fusion process a Fueled by the transatlantic trade in human beings that supplied captive workers for the sugar and cotton plantations of the quotNew Worldquot History Over 11 million people were led in chains to the slave ships As many as half died on the voyage ln north America whites outnumbered the Africans Religion was Protestantism The practice of African religion was banned Drumming was banned Dancing native style was frowned upon Dancing the slaves whipping them which caused them to move and exercise The slave traded was abolished in 1808 Slave owners turned to breeding to replenish their stock One form of dancing slaves did the circle dance On some plantations Africans could gain privileges and a measure of fame for their ability to dance the jig the buck the pigeon wing and the cakewalk Dancing contests were betting matches for the masters Just before the civil war a black man named tom became famous IQT39WPOP 7 quot 2 2 African dance characteristics a n0quot 0 D Individual improvisation against a background of basic movement motifs Bend forward at the waist Focus was on the group and soloists who emerge from the group then blend back into it To be cool is to combine the virtues of men and women the vigor of youth and the composure of old age To be cool by moving properly signi es power and the well being such power brings A Fusion of Irish and west African dance forms A Africans learned from watching fancy dress balls A Line or circle dance done in the carribean B Persisted into the 19th century C Pelvic thrusts and hip gyrations 3 European Dances a Couple dancing A B C Invention of western Europe Until later in the 18th century couple dancing remained embedded in a hierarchical social setting Only one couple took the oor at a time D The point was to present the couple to the group b French contredanses and English country dances A B C D 1750 s three four or more couples less pressure on presentation the dance gures were very complicated c the waltz A mmUnw D in the last decades of the 18th century the waltz separated from the formation and became popular on its own as a coupe dance the whole oor was taken over by waltzing couples closed couple waltz held tightly to eachother to maintain control was invited to play his music for the courts Each couple moved as an independent unit during the second half of the 19th century leading dance instructor in paris 4 Vienna a Congress of Vienna A B conquerors of napoleon met to restore pre revolutionary order to E 181415 Europe C balls every night with big crowds D the arch conservative champion of the ancien regime british foreighn secrarty hired a waltzing instructor 5 Blackface Minstrelsy a Made popular in 1830 s by A B C Built his act around a deformed black man Blackened his face with cork and dressed like a crippled servant Song and dance routine known as Jump Jim Crow b First indigenous American musical theatre c Perfomers blended old world elemnets with shuf e steps and loose limbed gestures borrowed from African americans All dancers were white with the exception of A B C MasterJuba greatest dancer in the world Free born northern black Died in 1852 e Essence of old Virginia A Soft shoe dance that became a staple of vaudeville hoofers B A combination of shuf es C Moved as if on ice Walk Around A Entire cast promenaded around the stage B Strutting and fancy steps African Americans A Black mistre groups gave work to black dancers and musicians such as Bert Williams George walker and billy kersands 6 Dances and their History a Cakewalk A B E F 1st dance to cross over from black to white and from stage to ballroom name is derived from festival dances on plantations and they competed to win a cake C strutting and prancing D by 1898 the team of Williams and walker was cakewalking to seout crowds at broadways top variety theatre William vanderbuilt hired a dance instructor to teach him and his wife at their avenue mansion They held contests where white dancers imitated the black dancers Turkey trot A First of many anima dances B By 1910 it was on broadway ingt TIITI D Lindy Hop Swing dance Was officially launched in America in 1936 Named after Charles indenburg George shorty snowdden gave the dance its name at a marathon in 1928 Danced with paul whitemans band at the paramount organized a group called Whiteys Lindy Hoppers and made the dance mainstream In 1935 whiteys dancers including won prizes at 7lt E the rst harvest moon ball at Madison square garden whiteys right hand man Manning created an over the back step Whiteys group was disbanned in 1942 Era came to an end in 1960 The twist A Partners stepped apart and began to twist shake and wriggle B Followed by the frug the monkey the jerk and so on 7 America a 19101920 the period in which America went dance mad b 1914 Vernon and Irene castle opened a school of dance in new York A smoothed out the jazzier steps B standardized the improvisatory dances c harlem renaissance A in 1926 ann pennington scored a big hit doing the black bottom in a broadway revenue B roseand ballroom opened in manhatten 7 years earlier C savoy ballroom opened in lenox avenue in NY harlem marbled stairs and mirrored walls top notch bands etcher Henderson and chick webb management had to replace the oors every 3 years northeast corner was called Cats Corner and was for best dancer Would have contests judged by other top dancers d Lindy Hop A Swing dance B See dances and their history C Was officially launched in America in 1936 dancing instructor Rock and Roll A quotdo your own thingquot B in the late 50 s white teens listened to black radios to hear fats domino little Richard etc C white performers like pat boone began recording cover versions of the popular blues songs D in 1957 started a tv show where whites danced to black music E a single day a month was reserved for blacks and the rest of the days for whites F 1964 he tried to bring blacks and whites together and they cancelled his show gtUUl 39 Tth 8 Caribbean and South America a Brazil A Center of slave trade B 35 million Africans were brought to brazil before slavery was abolished in 1888 b Plantations A Often run by overseers B Africans outnumbered whites C Let traditional religious practice undergo because they were fearful of uprisings Roman Catholic Hierarchy c Religion A Many slaves were syncretistic combining different elements of religion B Colonial authorities prohibited ceremonies of worship d Salvador and the Orixas PU finance Daughters of the saintswomen in hoop skirts dancing at the candomble temple spiritual beings that affect the sea wind forest lightening and disease Dancers offer animal sacri ces then dance Dance to let a deity enter her head or quotridequot her Once the dancer falls to the oor she is possessed Until it ends she will be treated as the deity herself Orixas enter the human to join in on the dancing Each deity has speci c drum rhythms and dance styles Vigorous stamping steps for war males and uid dreamy movements for the goddess of rivers Usbon A Had costumes to hide their identities Entrudo A B Portuguese settlers brought to brazil Festivals of release Carnival in brazil A B C As early as the 17th century people had a mock corination of the African king and queen dance parade and allegorical street theatre held on jan 6 the day of kings celebrates the journey of the three magi to Bethlehem Samba Schools IQTWPOPU Social clubs who organize carnival events Recognized ass of cial carnival orginizations in 1935 Goal is to win the samba contest Must create a pageant based on patriotic Brazilian theme Sambistas members Today samba refers to marchlike compositions with 24 rhythm Sambradome for vips and tourists Participants may represent Amazonian lndians African kings and queens lm legends like Marilyn Monroe astronauts and political gures Standard bearers man and woman dance while holding their schools ag
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