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Lecture Notes.

by: Ashley Huffman

Lecture Notes. SOC 110

Ashley Huffman
GPA 2.9
Survey Sociology

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About this Document

Notes from throughout the quarter.
Survey Sociology
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This 15 page Bundle was uploaded by Ashley Huffman on Wednesday January 28, 2015. The Bundle belongs to SOC 110 at University of Washington taught by Wender in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 113 views. For similar materials see Survey Sociology in Sociology at University of Washington.


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Date Created: 01/28/15
Becoming Socialized January 20 2015 How do we create out social world and how does our social world create us Socialization The Internalization of Reality The title reveals the thesis we become part of society by learning to share in a common world How does this happen From the moment of birth basic social realties are imposed on us These realities make up our objective social structure and include time and place family race religion ethnicity culture socioeconomic class etc 0 Social structure vs Social world The meaning that out significant othersquot attach to this m structure creates out particular social world 0 Significant others the people who love you the immediate circle around you 0 Turned your structure into your world Create meanings for things and then makes everything into a world Transition from one to the other 0 Meaning is being attached to everything in your environment before you even realize it Significant others their meanings and their world are imposed on us BampL combine Durkheim social facts Weber subjective meaning Marx dialectic and George Herbert Mead symbolic interaction Dialectic merging of opposite forces or entities into a greater whole Example self and society you and your significant othersquot etc o The whole is greater than the sum of the parts Symbolic Interaction the sharing of meaning through language creates self and society Primary socialization the processes by which the roles and attitudes of my significant others become internalized as my own Internalization is an intense emotional process not a matter of abstract detached learning The self is a reflected entityquot Here I am and I know it 72 How do I understand myself In and through my interactions with others Remember reflexivity We do not just take on specific roles and attitude but the entire world that makes them coherent and meaningful Primary socialization ends when we develop a sense of the generalized other Generalized other out abstract awareness of people or them The soup example 0 A kid learns what people don t like and realizes that people just don t do certain things The stronger my sense of other the stronger my send of self and vice versa Socialization is never total and never finished 75 Secondary socialization the internalization of subworlds Subworlds are institutional or institutionally based Becoming involved in a subworld entails the acquisition of role specific knowledge 76 The involves acquiring unique vocabularies and subjective identification I see myself as a member of this group and I know how to talk and how to act like it Reflexivity and dialectic again Subworlds change us and we change them Bodies of meaning legitimated via myth and ritual The clash of worlds between primary and secondary socialization 0 Different languages values etc 12815 908 PM 12815 908 PM Exoticizing the Familiar January 15 2015 Horace Miner39s quotBody Ritual Among the Nacirema Miner presents an ironic view of American society and social science Irony language used to convey something other than its literal or expected meaning The Natural Attitude Our taken for granted unre ected habits of thought and action Our social auto pilot Every individual and every society has a distinct natural attitude The less we are aware of our natural attitude the more powerful its in uence Exoticizing the familiar reveals the natural attitude and opens it to critical re ection analysis and the possibility of change Miner inverts and challenges the dominant and unquestioned idea of American normalcy The word Nacirema hints at the mirror effects of reflexivity Our behavior is extreme we are a strange people from the East Miner uses the traditional discourse of social science to get us to see ourselves as others Exoticizing everything from toilet training and toothbrushes to prescription medication and psychotherapy The Nacirema are a magic ridden people What does this statement mean and why is it ironic Miner is questioning our society in general as well as our social scientific thinking in particular Sociology and anthropology often view their subjects as exotic others But this practice often says more about social science than about its supposed subjects Miner s essay reveals the natural attitude of social science Some of the scientific descriptions in his article are accurate but others are not These inaccuracies and erroneous hypotheses reveal some of the fundamental limits of social science Compare Becker The powerful effects of misinterpretation what can we really know about other people and ourselves What is at stake The ethical mandate of sociological interpretation we have an obligation to try and understand other people holistically and not merely objectify them 12815 908 PM 12815 908 PM Re ecting on Modern Self Identity amp Social Encounters January 22 2015 SelfIdentity How do we present ourselves to other people in social encounters o Presume that you can know how other people think about you 0 Know that the other person is looking at you and thinking about you based on how you present yourself Remember Berger and Luckmann social encounters occur in a shared world The world is created in and through symbols which are exchanged via language Social encounters occur as a dialectical process a synthesis of opposites creates a new world Thesis Antithesis Synthesis Goffman s focus is a micro level face to face encounters 0 Individual person alone Encounter meet confront meet by chance meet momentarily Hint think about Latin roots incontra in against I am m the presence of another person AGAINST whose presence I grasp my own self re ection occurs this way too It is the same for the other person thus social encounters is a reciprocally re exive process Goffman starts not with the isolated individual psychology but with the complex social stage of mutual presence Not then men and their moments Rather moments and their men 19673 Compare Durkheim s idea of social facts 0 Our moments make us A dramaturgical theatrical model of encounter stagecraft and audience management Every social interaction is a performance both conscious and unconscious FRONT STAGE We are fully present with our audience working to define the situation Compare fronting 0 Act in a way that the audience wants you to act BACK STAGE What occurs behind the scenes in order to put on a social performance The ungovernable balances the governable The power of unspoken meaning Example watching the speed of the dinner guest s fork o The governable is what you can control and the ungovernable is what you cannot control o The ungovernable is more difficult Other examples sales interrogations excuses dates poker games and so forth Signs are engineered and are exchanged in a complex infinite cycle 92 Edgar Allen Poe Make assumptions about people based on physical appearances and actions 0 People watching Figure out What people fall into certain groups Fascinated by the man Who stands out 0 He deViates from the norm and he is interesting to the man 12815 908 PM 12815 908 PM The Genesis of Social Problems January 27 2015 What are social problems and how are they created Herbert Blumer people recognize social problems as social problems Micro level vs macro level focus individual action vs collective action Social problems are created AS SUCH when we attach meanings to actual social conditions Every social problem that you can imagine derives from these conditions But these conditions only become problems when people collectively view them in a certain light Remember our earlier distinction between social STRUCTURE and social WORLD We can now extend this distinction in order to differentiate the social CONDITIONS from social PROBLEMS 0 Things are social conditions but only become social problems when we give a meaning to it Blumer argues that the customary sociological approach to social problems is badly flawed He wants to correct the misperception of social problems as pre existing and objective STEP 1 EMERGENCE A problem doesn t exist until it is recognized as such A highly selective process Ex Pre Civil Rights Act racism and the current issue of gun violence 0 Headlines begin to pop up STEP 2 LEGITIMATION Recognition precedes legitimation Do we really have a problem Problems as real ignored exaggerated or false Moral panics o Puts things in perspective 0 Focusing of the conversation The process of legitimation is very complex and poorly understood This poses a serious issue for sociology 0 Not straight forward and requires specific concentration STEP 3 MOBILIZATION Once society legitimates a problem it moves into action Debate discussion vested interests con icting ideals etc Ex Drug abuseaddiction 0 Can be an agreement that there is a problem but huge disagreement about what we are suppose to do Definition determines policy STEP 4 FORMATION Defining and redefining a plan until an official definition emerges 0 Policy always changes once we hit the streets to implement the plan and take action STEP 5 IMPLEMENTATION Unforeseen and unintended restructuring of the problem once we set EX Policing and crime o Constant structuring and restructuring This five step process shapes the life and fats of social problems We must get beyond the fragmentary and fictitious 12815 908 PM 12815 908 PM


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