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PS 324 Week 7-8

by: Josiah

PS 324 Week 7-8 PS 324

GPA 4.05

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Great comprehensive notes!
European Politics
Mehmet Celebi
75 ?




Popular in European Politics

Popular in Political Science

This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Josiah on Thursday November 19, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PS 324 at University of Oregon taught by Mehmet Celebi in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see European Politics in Political Science at University of Oregon.


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Date Created: 11/19/15
-French Politics  Stereotypes  America to French  France gives up (wave white flag), pompous, lazy, hairy, socialist France to Americans  Bunch of rednecks, hillbillies, work way to hard, ignorant, talk really loud, war hungering, superficial  Stereotypes we are discussing  Laziness -> French economy is inefficient  Arrogance - Cultural Superiority -> Republican Model  Extremism - Strikes (Radical CFF)  Stereotype #1  Striking and erecting barricades are the national sports of the French  True:  Radical Working-class activism is more powerful in France than other comparable countries  But:  French democracy was shaped by revolutionary mobilization  The communist's reputation as true patriots dating back to WWII  5 out of 7 French Presidents had been from the Right since 1959  Timeline of French Democracy  Unstable in the last 200 years  More important in many other countries  Vichy Regime  The French right and business cooperates with the Nazi Occupation  The left goes underground and organize an effective resistance movement, Communist in particular  In London, General de Gaulle tries to keep the French War effort going  Provisional Government  A coalition of Communists, Socialists, and Christian Democrats under General de Gaulle  US insists that Communists should be removed from the government if France is to receive Marshall Aid  De Gaulle insist that the Parliament should give him more powers, if not he will resign and he did  He resigns when parliament doesn't give more power  The 4th Republic  Extremely unstable governments - No government survived more than 2 years  Communists (largest section of government) and Gaullists excluded from government  Economic Miracle  1958  The last military coup attempt in an advanced democracy, under General Salan  Cause: 4th Republic wants to give independence to Algeria  Coup is averted be General de Gaulle, military hero no officer can defy  De Gaulle wants a new constitution that grants much more power in executive  De Gaulle eventually grants independence to Algeria  The Party System under the 5th Republic  The right wing lacks a coherent party system, new parties rise and fall since the WWII  Parti Socialiste is the only constant in the system  Parti Communiste used to be a similar constant until 1980's, after the end of the Cold War, the radical left's unity is shattered  Extreme right of Front National is gathering strength but is isolated  Front National (very xenophobic)  The Right - Under-institutional  Vichy Regime  De Gaulle  The Left - Bleeding  Communist prestige and collapse  Unable to keep promises to Working Class  FN: Isolated but rising (around 20% of the vote)  Stereotype #2  The French are arrogant, overly proud of their culture, leading them to be xenophobic  France is "godless"  The Republican Model of Society  Laicte: secularism  Nationalism: based on cultural unity  Came under stress as France became an immigrant society  Republican Model: Citizenship based on ius soli as long as new comers are willing to assimilate  Laicite: A more strict version of secularism, does not allow religious symbols in politics and the public sphere - Religion should be a strictly an individual issue  Challenge of Immigration  Predominantly Muslim Immigrant Communities  Immigrants becoming "outsiders" in the economic system, working in precarious jobs, "underclass"  The Headscarf Issue  Anti-Immigrant Sentiments  Anti-immigrant sentiments on the rise  Front National resonates with 15-20 percent of the population  Sarkozy's policies and rhetoric was not much different than FN's  Hollande's rhetoric is more inclusive but no drastic change in policy  Stereotype #3  French Economy is inefficient  Economy 1960-1980:  France had the best economy in 1980  But…  US - UK  Low unemployment - High income inequality  France  High unemployment - Low income inequality  Important: Most of the unemployment is concentrated in pre-dominantly Muslim Ghettos  The rest mostly effects unskilled workers  Immigration depresses the salaries of native unskilled workers, and increases unemployment for native unskilled workers  Les Trentes Glorieuses  Les Trente Glorieuses under the 4th Republic and Gaullistes  Strong economic growth, first under unstable governments, then Gaullists  Welfare state expansion, worker's rights  State plays an important role through planning, dirigism  Mitterand  The stagflation of the 1970's brings Reagan and Thatcher in Anglo-Saxon countries, a coalition of socialists and communists under Mitterand in France  Mitterand suggest a stimulus package, nationalizations  Inflation and budget balance goes out of control, Mitterand is forced to adopt neo- liberal economic policies  The Irony  Between 1945-75, social democratic welfare state was built and expanded by the right-wing  In 1980's, the neo-liberal austerity programs had been implemented by socialists under Mitterand  Economics since 1980's  Neo-liberalization and resistance  Attempts to reform the labor market - flexibility  Attempts to balance - austerity  Attempts to combat inflation - stability and growth pact All of these were partially successful  Economics after 1980's  After Mitterand, with the president of Chirac and Sarkozy, austerity and flexibility reforms gained momentum, with limited success  Hollande came to power by promising tax-increases for the rich and a stimulus program, but the program proved to be hard to implement Currently, Hollande government are muddling through, pleasing no one  -"The Truth About Immigration in the UK 2014"  "Doors of Britain were wide open"  Eastern Europe to Britain is like Mexico to the United States  Eastern Europeans work on the fields in England in the agriculture sector  Even if it does hurt some (mostly the poor), the country benefits from immigration economically  Failed to include the downsides of immigration in the past  Now are we failing to include the upsides of immigration  Never really had an open discussion about immigration, now they need to  Video main point thinks most people are trying to discuss the issue of immigration from racism (this hurts the debate)  Difference between politics of fear and politics of the elite  Opponents of immigration downplay the positive sides  Decisions that are made by elites, should take the concerns of ordinary people in the equation  Concerns are not rationale for everyone  Native unskilled workers are threatened by immigration  Dilemma: Is the fear rationale or is it not rational -What are the reasons behind the Paris Attacks  War against west  Create fear  Payback for airstrikes  Religion  Recruitment of others  Deter other countries to keep fighting  Syrian Politics  Arab Spring  Provoke western reaction  Discrimination against immigrants  Clash between French and Islamic culture  Refugees  Show ISIS's power  Signal of weakness of ISIS  So Europe would shut down borders to western countries  Millenerianism: name given to religious movements shaped behind the idea that the world is ending so time to fight evil with good is now, ISIS social movements centered around this idea  Baath political party that comprises Sunni Muslims took in ISIS  Sykes-Picot Agreement: cut up Muslim countries oddly (broke up the old Ottoman Empire)  Cultural clash: core of the problem, but already there  Then occupation of Iraq caused the Disenfranchisement of the Sunnis  Then Arab Spring: Muslims feel they are losing their relationships because of modernization and western intervention  Discrimination against immigrants, France fears losing its identity (change immigration problem?) -Politics in the UK  Thing about British politics  Anachronistic institutions: keeps old institutions intact (shouldn't belong in the current system however)  Queen can influence politics Switch to foot and inches   Paragon of Stability  Uninterrupted Monarchy since 1660  No revolutions, civil wars and coups and not invaded since 17th century  Two-party system since 18th century  Two main parties are the Labour and Conservatives since 1922  Gave up on its empire in a relatively peaceful manner  No codified constitutions - a mix of scattered legal documents and conventions (saying no written constitutions is wrong, its codified)  Change in piecemeal fashion  Democratized slowly during 19th and early 20th Century  The Conservatives vs Liberals party system has been replaced by Labour vs Conservatives in 1922  Gave up on its hegemonic status after WWII  Accomplished decolonization between 1945-1981  Built a welfare state slowly between 1900 and 1980  Always some leftovers  Conservative Golden Age 1979-1997  Winter of Discontent: 1978-1979  Thatcherism "The Iron Lady"  Neo-liberalism replaces Keynasianism as the Economic Orthodoxy  Privatizations  Less generous welfare state  The strength and significance of the labor unions diminishes  Changes Britain's industrial economy to a service economy - The City of London emerges as the most important economic actor  Her policies were very authoritarian and ruthless  Thatcher lost power in 1997?  The Age of New Labour  Thatcher's biggest success: Tony Blair  She thought she changed her opponents (Labour) and transitioned them in her sphere of ideas  Many conservatives thought Labour was irresponsible fiscally  New Labour continued conservative policies to attract middle class  Fiscal responsibility  Gain the goodwill of the "City of London" - deregulation  Independent Central Bank  And kept some aspects of its traditional program  Minimum income guarantee for the elderly  "Workfare" state  Minimum wage  More spending on education and healthcare (most popular)  Financed by  Robust growth centered on financial sector  New taxes on utility companies (Thatcher gave them tax cuts previously)  2007: The Train hits the Buffers  Financial deregulation -> housing bubble + Higher government spending -> growing deficit  Lead to the crisis of the housing bubble being popped in 2007  Basically ends New Labour's  2010 Elections: Hung Parliament  First past the post: single member small constituency system favors a two party system  Until 1920's: Whigs vs Tories  Since 1920's: Labor vs Tories  Favors single party governments  Conservatives strike back  Didn’t do much  Waited for labor to mess up themselves  We can't go on like this. I'll cut the deficit, not the NHS  Won elections in 2010  2010 elections  Conservatives got 36.1 percent of the vote  Liberal Democrats got 23 percent of the vote  LAB got 29 percent of the vote  Coalition Government  Conservatives + Liberal Democrats  Conservative Policy  Cut taxes Cut public spending   Distance from the EU  Liberal Democrats failed to  Limit the conservative policies - failed  Change the election system in their favor - failed  Pro-EU - didn't fail but more citizens were turning Anti-EU  2015 elections  Conservatives got 36.9 percent of the vote  Although only .8 more vote from the previous election but other parties lost votes to other smaller parties  Shows the rise of nationalism in both Scotland and UK (SNP & UKIP)  Conservatives won with coalition government  The party system is becoming crowded  Nationalism  The rise of UKIP - The EU fault line  The rise of Scottish Nationalist Party - But the 2014 referendum failed  The rise BMP - more racial than UKIP and Nigel  Greens  Corbyn: New Old Labour?  Push of Democratic Socialists to the left all across EU


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