Chapter 1: Conducting Sociological Research
Chapter 1: Conducting Sociological Research SOC 100
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Date Created: 12/01/15
Chapter 1 Lecture Notes Sociology39s beginnings O Began in the late 180039s society was changing Industrial revolution changes in work Migration to urban areas Shifts in families Raised BIG questions about what these changes meant for society 0 Made society focus on scienti c inquiry What is a theoretical perspective 0 Set of assumptions about reality that shapes how we approach research 0 Theoretical perspectives shape Kinds of questions we ask Data we collect and how we analyze it Kinds of conclusions reached 3 major perspectives O Functionalist society is a big machine where all the parts work together to help it function How do laws in uence schools Change happens slowly Why something negative has evolved Crime 0 Con ict Who39s got the power Several groups all trying to shape society Political parties Trying to secure resources for group System is controlled by people Who has accesscontrol over resources I Who bene ts Not many social changes are neutral There is a winner and a loser I How do schools work differently for different people 0 Interactionalist Microlevel individuals Human interactions are different from animal interactions I We interpret stimuli Pavlov How space and time change how we interact We are always acting Q Which perspective is the best None are we just have to choose the best on for the situation Look at society with multiple lenses Asking sociological questions 0 Relationship between variables Dows driving orange cars make you wreck less How does education level affect voting Why women are less likely to be engineers Q Does not look up or at the facts How many colleges are in alabama Gathering data 0 Participant observation ethnography 0 Interviews 0 Surveys 0 Experiments 0 Content analysis 0 Historical analysis 0 Comparative methods
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