General Psych weeks 2-3
General Psych weeks 2-3 General Psychology 11762
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This 8 page Bundle was uploaded by Madeline Mitchell on Friday January 30, 2015. The Bundle belongs to General Psychology 11762 at Kent State University taught by Dr. Ashley Galati in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 293 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY Weeks 23 Lecture Notes Dr Ashley Galati Kent State University Tusc 115 Psychology what is it behavior observable yelling waving sweating 0 mental internal not observable Goals of Psychology Describe observe and record behavior in as much detail and as objectively as possible 1 Child on a playground throwing rocks at another kid 9 therapist observes what is going on by Explain and make inferences 2 Child became angry and threw rock the cope with anger in a physical way Predict future occurrences of that behavior 3 Anytime that child becomes angry he may lash out in physical way Control stop and or change the negative behavior 4 Child becomes physically angry In future may lash out at romantic partner Therapist then comes up with a way to control it deep breathing i To help control it Improve individual s life and help him learn about emotional control Historical Perspectives of Psychology Structuralism breakdown behaviors into individual components 0 Introspection not very scientific how behaviors occur and the method behind these behaviors occurring EX individual themself telling therapist about their own thought process what amp why they are doing it may lie may not know extremely subjective Functionalism how behaviors function or are working in the environment Iames moved away from introspection and into observation Believed behaviors are adapted or functional for that context can be verified and validated some cultures may be adaptive Psychoanalysis Freud emphasized thought that we are unaware of internal con ict Idea that unawareness is called unconscious con icts are sexual in nature lead to outward behaviors speak and analyze behaviors Behaviorism Watson Pavlov Skinner identify not interested in mind alter behaviors through the control of factors highly scientific experiments are well done problem is that behaviorism is very strict Humanistic Rogers Maslow emphasis for growth and potential to improve Each person has potential to be the best person they can be Need food water and shelter to become the best they can be Maslow 4 Current Perspectives of Psychology Biological amp Cognitive 9 Emphasize internal factors determine behavior Behavioral amp Sociocultural 9 Emphasize on external factors Biology brain nervous system is a major determiner of behavior and mental processes evolution and genetics EX depression a chemical imbalance in the body in order to fix use drugs or medication to rebalance fix or cure 0 Internal how mental processes impact our behavior mental processes how do we focus on one thing what are we focused on how do we remember how does our language attention and memory affect behavior In uence of events on behavior how events are going to impact behavior emphasis on explaining observable behavior rather than mental processes analyze events that in uence behavior 0 In uence of the social environments on behaviors and mental processes peers family gender ethnicity socio environment cultural community state religion culture Nature vs Nurture Debate Controversy over the amount of to a person s behavior and mental processes Scientific Method 1 Hypothesis a question 2 Observecollect data 3 Analyze 4 Conclusion Ethics in Research Right vs wrong in regards to experiments and research on living things Institutional Review Board IRB scientist nonscientists from the community Scientists must get consent from individual to agree to the study Deception scientist doesn t want a person to act differently Withdrawing from participant can occur before after or during the study Research Methods 1 Nonexperimental not manipulating or controlling variables no cause and effect Naturalistic observation observe in natural environment starting point for research 2 Quasiexperimental look at natural occurring state of variables predictive power no cause amp effect 3 Experimental truly scientific scientific method can use cause and effect 0 in depth analysis of a single person or organization sometimes extremely rare cases all you re doing is gathering info and describing look at what could be cause of condition Freud and Darwin used case studies pro gather info that is specific and rare con can t really do anything with them 39 questions which are aimed at studying behavior or thoughts selfreported answers used to understand what is going on in an experiment pros quick different types offer confidential minimize individuals that lie by asking easy questions cons individuals can lie or misinterpret association between two variables often naturally occurring not manipulating 31 Cl variable not accounted for detect naturally occurring relationships doesn t specify cause and effect EX Hours of TV watched by student and the increase or decrease of their GPA
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