Exam 3 notes
Popular in People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community
Popular in Sociology
This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Daniel Meyer on Wednesday December 2, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Soc 240 at Illinois State University taught by Michael Dougherty in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 126 views. For similar materials see People In Places: Understanding and Developing Community in Sociology at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 12/02/15
Notes for Exam 3 Tourism Pros Commercial enterprise Profit making endeavor Experience different culture Cons Money isn t guaranteed to stay in the communities Tourist interactions change the culture of the place Dependency on tourists develops Tourism can degrade natural environment Speculations Urban people travel more I Wealthier I Closer to travel opportunities Rural people take care of more responsibilities I Feed and nurture farm animals Conceptual approaches to tourism 1 quest for lost authenticity 2 modern leisure activity Some tourism is neo colonial o Volunteeringnot neocolonial o Sight seeing reminds host they are being viewed by tourists People with money in tourism communities see the enterprise as an opportunity 0 Chose to build hotels I Poorer folks are employed by the hotels I Service sector jobs provide less cash and fewer benefits compared to manufacturing jobs Types gm A WORKING farm that attracts tourists o Enjoyment provided to visitors while profits are generated by owner Diversification of income Adds value without adding acreage o Niche Marketing I Haunted farms during Halloween Good land for agriculture doesn t always correlate with good tourism destinations 2 Ecotourism CON Ecotourism can destroy indigenous cultures through introductions of new norms and expectations KingStewart 0 Culture eroded through the introduction of new norms and expectations Lack of development destroys indigenous identity PRO People Equity Social 0 Tourists can valorize community elements KingStewart Bonding within indigenous natives can make them suspicious of ecotourists ism Ecotourism destroys nature 0 Clean and pristine place attracts travelers o The travelers leave their liter and waste behind Lack of development can be harmful to nature Ecotourism can assign value to nature I The assigned value creates a need to protect the place I paper parks are places that claim a designated area is special and to be protected I If the community doesn t have these same values for the place then there is no real value besides a statement on a piece of paper Ecotourism will work if the profit drive is reducedvery tricky in this hyper individualized world Commodification of Culture I Manipulating heritagehistory so that is can make money Ecotourism Plant Ecology Environment Sustainability Profit Economy Financial 3 Culinary Tourism Unique and memorable eating and drinking Consumption of culture and food Food Tourism 0 O O O Diversifies business Adds value Conserves Energy Natural human social capital Door County restaurants buy locally 0 Social relationships created contribute to local economy I Altruistic purposes 0 Reasons to not buy locally I Inconsistent delivery I Hard to control quantity 0 Meeting local providersbuyers in all based on social capital DelgadoKalamazoo T upelo Non Participatory leaving it up to professionals Degree of Tokenism opinion expressednot taken seriously Degrees of Citizen Power Citizen centered not professionals Paternalism change provider sees community as children to be provided for Multifaceted business plays multiple roles in community to help development beyond the businesses function 0 LatinaOwned Beauty Parlors I Willing owners invest in the community by opening business to discourse between customer base I See themselves as part of the community I Moral Economy sharing of social capital and relationships I These places are sources of community and economic development 100 spent in town community of place creates 120 in economic development 0 Kalamazoo Promise I If you graduate from the school district and have lived in it for a certain amount of time the foundation covers your college tuition Relies on donors Lack of funds if recipients move away for other opportunites o Tugelo I Story of civic involvement and self help I Community revitalized after a tragic tornado with No natural amenities No old money from plantations I Not a perfect place Under representation by black farmers Labor union strife powerful business interests Klan activitypolice brutality Bin 0 Community Organizing Similar to con ict approach Figuring out who posses political capital Target organizing on aws of power structure Hot anger chaoticemotion rage Baltimore Riots Cold anger strategic anger carefully measured striking not looting Agritourism Adding value to agricultural enterprise without adding acreage Creative Class Young artsy hipster move to cities with amenities Bottomup Change starts with beneficiaries their decisions work their way up the power structure to the top where changes can be made Culinary Tourism Travel to place to enjoy culturally unique cuisine Commodification Making something buyablesellable in a market Bell Hooks African American intellectual trying to reclaim the black southern rural legacy Public discourse in US has forgotten about Black Southern Rural legacy Reconstruction crushed sharecropping Russian Grain Crisis 1972 event in former Soviet Union led to shortage of wheat Saul Alinsky Chicago born parent of community organizing Paternalism creates dependency the providers are culturally unaware talking down to others knowing best Arnstein s Ladder continuum from total exclusion to perfect participation in decision making different intensities of participation Starts with manipulation Ends with citizen driven action SelfHelp Approach locals make community development happen for themselves on their own terms Multiple Effect money is invested locally reinvested in local businesses and banks Worth more than face value the same money flows through the town 100 spent in town community of place creates 120 in economic development Technical Assistance locals hire outside consultants to assist community development Economic Development Narrowly focused on income and growth Opposed to community development Needs assessment A list of needs and deficiencies what is lacked or deficient in the community Assetbased approach Broadly focused on improving life quality for locals Creative Tension Peaceful con ict with a productive compromise Con ict includes a potential to shut things down John McKnight Professor at Northwest believes in power of assets Mentored Obama taught by Alinsky
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