Mental Disorders Psych 210
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Ann Carter Herbert
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Ann Carter Herbert on Thursday December 3, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Psych 210 at Clemson University taught by Professor Chris Pagano, PhD in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 12/03/15
Mental Disorders: A medical definition is used: • Symptom: An action, thought, or feeling that may indicate a disorder • Disorder: A collection of interrelated symptoms o Must involve significant distress or impairment to be classified as a disorder o You can have all of the symptoms of the disorder, but if they are not causing you impairment then you don’t have the disorder • Obsessions: repetitive thoughts • Compulsions: repetitive behaviors • Obsessive/Compulsive behavior are very common in children o Usually grow out of these • Predisposing Causes: o Make one susceptible to a disorder § Genetics: some people are genetically predisposed to get a disorder, disease, etc o Brain Damage (prenatal, infection, substance abuse) o Chronic Psychological stressors (abuse) o Learned beliefs or thought patterns (learned helplessness, external LOC) • Precipitating Causes: o Stressors may bring on a disorder § Death of a loved one § Job loss or big promotion § Marriage or Divorce § Move to a new place • Predisposing causes vs. Precipitating causes: o Even little stress can precipitate a disorder if predisposition is high o Genetic predisposition + Stressful experience = Disorder • Perpetuating Causes: o The consequences of a disorder that keep it going § Example with depression: • Withdrawal from others (isolation perpetuates depression) • Physical outcomes (poor sleep, diet, lack of exercise) • Rewards ( attention up, responsibilities down) • Three Perspectives on Mental Disorders: o Biological: § Evolution, individual genes, brain structure and chemistry o Psychological: § Stress, trauma, learned helplessness o Social: § Roles, expectations • Treatment: o Evaluating Therapies § Without therapy, conditions follow peaks and valleys § How do we demonstrate that a therapy works? • Use a control group • Biological Perspectives: o Mental disorders are physical diseases of the brain § Less frontal lobe activity in a murderer o Schizophrenia: enlarged cerebral ventricles § Very large genetic predisposition § Much bigger improvement from therapy than the drug
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