Week 14 and 15
Week 14 and 15 1060
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This 9 page Bundle was uploaded by Taylor Martin on Saturday December 5, 2015. The Bundle belongs to 1060 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Joseph Kidd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 12/05/15
Theseus and The legend of Attica Kings of Athens: Cecrops – Uncle of Daedalus Autochthon(sprung from the earth) was said to be born with no ancestors ● Half snake Erichthonius Son Athena and Hephaestus ● Comes from the ejaculation of Hephaestus that feel into Athena's leg. Athena puts the baby in a box and gives it to the daughters of Cecrops, with instructions not to look in the box. The daughters do open it and are driven insane at his snake like features. He is then taken into care of by his mother. Erechtheus – assoc with Acropolis ● May have been a grandson of Erichthonius Pandion – father of Philomela and Procne ● He is said to have died from grief because of the disappearance of both his daughters. He marries Procne to King Tereus. Tereus offers to take philomela to visit her sister. However, he rapes her, cuts her tongue out, and locks her up in a in a prison. She is only able to tell her sister what happen by making a quilt and having a servant give it to Philomela. The quilt showed what Tereus did to her and Philomela frees her and they plan to get revenge. Procne killed her son by Tereus, Itys, ripping him apart, boiling him and serving him as a meal to her husband. After he unknowingly eats his son, the sisters show Theseus The severed head of his son, and he realised what had been done. He snatched up an axe intent on killing the sisters.In desperation, they prayed to the gods to be turned into birds to help them escape. The gods transformed Procne was turned into a swallow and Philomela was turned into a nightingale Aegeus – Father of Theseus ● He wants a son and a neighboring king allows him to sleep with his daughter Aethra. Unknown to them she is also the lover of Poseidon. On the same night she sleeps with both Poseidon and Aegeus, then out comes Theseus. After Aethra became pregnant, Aegeus returns to Athens. Before leaving, however, he buried his sandals and sword under a huge rock and told Aethra that when their son grew up, he should move the rock and get them. Theseus: Father of Hippolytus and husband of Phaedra ● When he becomes a man he lifts the rock and takes items then goes to his human father. The Six Labors of Theseus 1. Corynetes( Club Man):He would rob travelers and kill them with his club.Theseus bashed him in the head to death with his own club. 2. Pityocamptes (pine bender): He bends trees, ties a person's hand to either tree, and lets them go, splitting the person in half. Theseus comes along and Pityocamptes tries to do the same but Theseus does it to him. 3. Monster pig of Crommyonian: Monstrous wild pig which terrorized the countryside around Crommyon,Theseus kills the pig. 4. Sciron: robbed travelers passing the Sceironian Rocks and forced them to wash his feet. When they knelt before him, he kicked them over the cliff. Theseus killed him in the same way, by pushing him off the cliff. 5. Cercyon: Would force people to wrestle him to the death 6. Procrustes: He had an iron bed, in which he invited every passerby to spend the night in and when they did he would try to stretch them to fit. if the guest were too tall, Procrustes would amputate the excess length; nobody ever fit the bed. Theseus turned the tables on Procrustes, cutting off his legs and decapitating him with his own axe. Theseus reaches Athens After he finished his labors he goes to his father. However his father is married to Medea. She is a sorceress and has a son with Aegeus. She know that if Theseus comes he will get the throne over her son and plans to kill him she tells Aegeus she believes Theseus may be an imposter pretending to be his son and that they should have him defeat the Bull of Marathon. ● The same bull Herakles captured He agrees and Medea thinks this will kill him but he wrestles and subdues the bull. Aegeus rewards him and invites him to a banquet. When Theseus goes to cut the meat with his sword Aegeus recognizes it and realized it was his son Medea them tries to poison him but he rejects the poisoned drink. After finding out Medeas plot she is exiled. Minos and the Minotaur ● Europa with the bull (Zeus) gives birth to Minos Poseidon gives Minos a white bull and it becomes his prized creature. Poseidon however tries to see how fateful Minos is to the gods and tells him to sacrifice the bull, but Minos refused. To get back at Minos the gods make Pasiphae, Minos wife lust after the bull. She has Daedelus create a fake bull and gets inside of it. The bull spots it and mate with her inside of the fake bull creating the minotaur. Meanwhile trouble breaks out between Athens and Crete, Minos athlete son is killed by the Athenians who wanted to make sure he did not win the competition. In revenge Minos sacks the city but tells them he won't fully sack it if the give him 7 boys and 7 girls for the minotaur. Theseus vs Minos Theseus volunteers to kill the minotaur but, Minos finds out and ambushes him. Theseus boast that he he is the son of Poseidon but Minos does not care because he is the, son of Zeus. He proves his parentage when a thunder bolt flashes in the sky. He ask Theseus to prove his by throwing his ring in the sea and telling him to retrieve it but Poseidon does not come to help him. Theseus jumps in the sea and is greater by Dolphins who take him to his father kingdom. Amphitrite greets him telling him that his father is away but gifts him with a Rose crown that would light up in the dark and a purple robe. When he returns Minos allows him to enter the Labyrinth. heseus and the Labyrinth ● Labyrinth built by Daedalus Ariadne daughter of Minos falls in love with Theseus and helps him in the labyrinth. She gives him a ball of thread to find his way out and he enters the labyrinth. He defeats the minotaur and released Athens from their debt. He leaves and takes Ariadne and her sister, Phaedra. The make a stop and he abandoned Ariadne on Naxos so he can marry her sister. Angry she curses Theseus. Later on Dionysus comes down, saves her, and takes her as his wife Dionysius takes Theseus crown and roses and it becomes the constellation ● Corona Borealis The Curse of Adrina ● Before he left to fight the minotaur he told his father that if came back with a black sail he was to considered dead but if it's white he survived. Theseus forgets this and sails back with a black sail. Aegeus sees the sail and kills himself. Adrina curse continues... ● Aphrodite anger against Hippolytus and death Phaedra Other myths Theseus and Pirithous ● They decided they both want to sleep with a daughter of Zeus and they kidnap Helen, before she married Menelaus. Her brother rescue her, but the men don't give up and decide to seduce Persephone. Hades finds out and makes the furies bind them Daedalus and Icarus ● Nephew of Cecrops Daedalus was taken in by Minos after he murders his relative. Enough time passes that the the murder is forgotten but, Minos doesn't want to let him go because Daedalus is a great inventor on the level of Hephaestus. He builds wings to escape with his son Icarus and warns his son not to fly too close to the sun because it would melt his wings or too close to the sea because the water would weigh it down. However his son doesn't listen and flies too close to the sun causing him to crash and die. the land where he fell is called Icaria The Quest for the Golden Fleece Jason: prince of Iolcus whose father is deposed by his half brother Pelias Pelias: Unofficial King of Iolcus Aeëtes,King of Colchis, brother of Circe, son of Helios and father of Medea Medea, princess of Colchis, priestesses of Hecate and sorceress Jason's helpers: Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite The Argonauts: Herakles, Hylas, Orpheus, Theseus, Peleus, Castor and Polydeuces Story When Jason's father is deposed he is given to Chiron because Pelias is murdering all his father sons. When Jason's mother gives birth she has her maids gives cries of anguish and pretend that the baby was dead. She then gives the child to Chiron to raise. Pelias worries about the his throne since he has no right to it and goes to the Pythia for answers and she tells him: beware the one with one sandal. Years pass and Jason grows to a young and heads home to reclaim his throne. When he come a across a river he unknowingly encounters Hera disguised as an old women. She ask him to help her across the river and Jason is kind to her and carries Her across the river on his back losing one of his sandals in the process. Hera is angry at Pelias because he doesn't worship her because she is a female God and decides to help Jason for his kindness. Jason arrives and is told the only way he could get the throne is if he brings back the Golden Fleece. ● A golden winged ram, an offspring of poseidon, that was sacrificed but fleece was saved. Jason builds a ship named Argo with the help of Athena. she gives him a talking tree branch that acts as a prophet and he ties it to the front of the ship. Stops on the voyage: 1. Hypsipyle and the Lemnian Women: there are no men on this island because the women killed all of them for infidelity. Jason takes Hypsipyle as a lover and the other man sleep with the other women and have children with these women. When it's time to leave they promise to come back but they don't. 2. King Cyzicus and the giants 3. Hylas is abducted by Nereids and is never seen again 4. Phineas and the Harpies; phineas is a prophet blinded by Zeus for telling too many secrets of the gods. Zeus also sends harpies to steal his food before he can eat it. The prophet agrees to help the Argonauts if they kill the harpies. Just when the Harpies are going to be killed their sister Iris comes to save them. Iris begs for the harpies live and they let them live after they promise to stop stealing from Phineas. 5. The Clashing Rocks: are a pair of giant rocks that clash together anytime a ship sails through.Phineus reveals to Jason that the secret to getting pass the stones is to release a bird to fly through them first.As soon as the bird flies through and the rocks slam together, the ships makes its way through and only gets a little damage to its hind end. When they arrive Colchis, they meet the King Aeëtes and Princess Medea. Athena ask Aphrodite to make Medea fall in love with Jason. When Medea does fall in love she does everything in her power to help him. The firebreathing bulls: ● Medea gives Jason a potion that protects him from the flames Defeat of the Dragon: ● Medea also steps in and drugs the dragon allowing Jason to retrieve the Fleece. The king goes back on the deal and Medea put a sleeping spell on the kingdom and Jason takes the fleece and sails away with Medea. She takes her favorite brother with them. As her father starts to follow them she cuts up her brother and throws parts of his body off the boat as they go knowing her father will stop to retrieve them. Voyage back to Greece ● Circe’s island: Madea goes to her aunt's island to be purified of bloodguilt for killing her brother ● Talus on Crete: 3 times a day he walks around the island and guards Europa mother of Minos. He is powered by Ichor and as he goes to destroy the Argonauts ship Medea trips him and all his Ichor drips out. ○ Rather than human blood, Ichor is the blood gods have in their veins ● The Sirens: Orpheus drowns out the sound of their singing with his lyre Home to Greece When they get back to Iolcus Pelias refuses to give up the throne to Jason. ● Medea power of renewal: when Jason and Medea returned to Iolcus Jason's father is an old men and Medea decides to give him back his youth. She cuts him up, boils his body and he becomes a young man again. Death of Pelias Medea to get back at Pelias tells his daughters that she can make their father young again, like she did with Jason's father and demonstrates with a ram. She tells them to cut their father up and they do but she doesn't bring him back to life. The people of Iolcus are horrified and force them out of Iolcus.They go to Corinth and have two children. Jason later falls in love with another woman. Medea’s revenge: Euripides’ Medea What's it about? ● A marriage falling apart ● Revenge ● Greek vs. Barbaros (Barbarians) ● Pro or con to women? Jason takes up with another woman and divorces. When Medea find out she is sad and angry. She plans revenge and talks against the royal family of Corinth. When the king hears he exiles her. Jason tells her it's her own fault and calls her a barbarian and her home the backwoods even though she was the daughter to a king. Jason's underestimates Medea even after all she has done and the power she has displayed. Medea's Revenge She pretends to forgive him and gives a cursed golden crown and cloak from her family to the princess. She ask him to let her son's present them to her and when they do she is snotty to the boys but takes the gifts. When she puts them on the crown burst on fire and the cloak melted into her body. When her father tried to help her he also burns on fire. However, Medea is not finished to really hurt Jason she even kills their sons. Medea after leaving Jason Helios her grandfather sends a dragon drawn carriage. She goes to Athens and married Aegeus but Theseus exiled her for trying to poison him. She later goes to Persia and her son becomes the father of Persians. Jason's death Jason falls asleep under the broken down ship Argot, part of ship falls off and kills him.
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