Bundle of Notes: Week 8-14
Bundle of Notes: Week 8-14 History 125
Popular in World History Since 1500
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This 8 page Bundle was uploaded by Sydney Purpora on Monday December 7, 2015. The Bundle belongs to History 125 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Louisa Rice in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see World History Since 1500 in History at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 12/07/15
History 125 Notes: An Uneven Playing Field: Deciding how to deal with power Taiping Rebellion (18511864) Destruction of Qing Dynasty 1 million attack Beijing but are defeated o China’s vulnerability ends after the rebellion Taiping Platform: Socialism o Free public education o Creation of communal wealth Feminism o Targeting women: foot binding, concubines Great Indian Rebellion (18571859) Most of Southern Asia is under European possession The use of cow/pig fat to grease bullets: against religious beliefs o Caused local soldiers’ mutiny and triggered popular revolt o Hindu and Muslims came together Consequence: o British Raj Deindustrialization: o India now as a “captive market” for British o Cloth industry Cotton is taken from India to Britain The Russian Empire and Industry 19 century Russia: massive multicultural empire Romanov Tsars rule autocratic empire o Powerful class of nobles o Exploitative selfdom Emancipation of the serfs Tsar Alexander II emancipates serfs – 1861 Program of people’s will – Tsar in 1881 Liberal o Freedom of speech o Constitution Socialism o Universal suffrage Nationalism o Volunteer Army 1890’s Russian government indicates industry Foreign Investment – shows economic gains TransSiberian railway connects the empire Japanese Industrialization: Meiji Restoration 1853: the arrival of Perry o wanted to set up trading port with the U.S. Emperor Meiji takes the throne – 1867 o Industrialized silk production: major export New Imperialism in Theory and Practice New Imperialism o What Europe is using to concur new areas o Causes Economics Supply and demand Nationalism Social Darwinism “The White Man’s Burden” Berlin Conference o Called by Bismarck to settle territorial disputes in Africa Japan and US join Imperialism o SinoJapanese War, RussoJapanese War o SpanishAmericanCuban War 189899 Cuba and Puerto Rico under Spanish possession US Business interests in Caribbean US wins Growing Ideas of “Civilization”, “Westernization” and “Modernization” Boer War (18991902) o Causes BritishBoer conflict over resources Diamond and gold Rhodes embellishment of British ideology Cecil Rhodes – British explorer and Imperialist o Experience Boer able to fight back well Guerrilla warfare British – concentration camps Gandhi o Consequences British Victory British concern about under preparedness for war 1910 Union of South Africa Common factors linking to this Revolution Crop/disease problem Secret societies Foreign intrusions Desires to “catch up” Radicalization on Russia Nicholas II (18941917) Enters war (19041905) Defeat exposes governments weakness Radicalization o Social disconnect Ottoman Decline Almost 3 centuries long process Selfabsorption Land losses – Egypt and Balkans the most Internal Problems Population boom Cheap manufactured goods being imported Ottoman economy depended on foreign loans Turks and Reform Ottoman Society for Union and Progress: The Young Turk Party o Founded by Ottomans in exile in Paris 1889 Young Turk Platform Constitution and parliamentary system All males got to vote Freedom of association, speech and religion Turkish official language Peasants should be helped to acquire land Education free Ottoman Empire 1908Rev Attempted to establish Turkish dominance Turkish made official language China: Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists – Boxer Antiforeign, antiChristian society Crushed by coalition of European forces China forced to accept stationing of foreign troops Qui Jin (18751907) From a wealthy family Crossdressed and wore Western clothing Left her family and went to Japan Tried to overthrow Qing 1906 Chinese National Revolution 1911 Rebellious Army officers rise up against Emperor Agrees to constitutional republic World War I: The Road to WWI (19141918) Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism The path to war: creation of the alliance systems: triple entente, triple alliance/central powers Balkan Crisis – spark o Bosnia annexed by Austria/Hungry Central Powers: Germany Austria/Hungry Ottoman Empire Triple Entente: Britain France Russia Italy Japan China Summer 1914 Germany’s “black check” to Austria/Hungry rd July 23 : Ultimatum from Austria to Serbia July 28 : Austria declares war on Serbia July 29 : Russia mobilizes st August 1 : Germany declares war on Russia Fighting Trench warfare Initial excitement Dulce et Decorum Est Gas so think like sea Obscene as cancer Argument for “dying for your country” o Ironic – he thinks it isn’t sweet A “World” War Use of colonial troops 1915 American soldiers 1918 Armenian Genocide o Turkish nationalism Global Consequences of WWI Total War o Homefront o Political and economic centralization o Manipulation of public opinion Russia o Less prepared Militarily Technologically o Illled and illarmed army o Strikes March 1917 o Russian revolution Tsar abdicates Lenin’s “April Thesis” “Peace, land, bread” o V.I. Lenin (18701924) Communist Marxist ideas Middle class Revolutionist Consequences of revolution o Russia pulls out of war, making peace with Germany o Land is nationalized o Marriage made a civil act War’s end o Germans gamble on a massive offensive on the Western front (MarchJuly 1918) th o November 11 1918 at 11 a.m. – war ends o Kills 15 million military men Peace: 14 points o End to secret diplomacy o Reduction of national armaments o Selfdetermination o Creation of the general association of nations Sykes Picot o May 1916: secret agreement between French and British o June 1916 Arab Revolt begins Postwar: League of Nations 1919 o Germany, U.S. Soviet Union: do not join o Oversees mandates Chinese May 4 th o Japan gets privileges and title rights of China from Germany Culture o Abstraction in art o “Relativity” in science o Women working, voting Flappers Germany – 1920s o Reparations set in 1921 o Ruhr Crisis o Hyperinflation Germany printing its own money o Hitler Beer Hall Putsch – 1923 o Stock Market Crash – 1929 Totalitarian regime o Dictatorships o Control of the press and propaganda o Control of all society o Strong armies Antiliberalism o Great control over individuals’’ ever day life o Leader develops “cult of personality” o Manipulating the media o Rely on transitional societal values o Nationalistic Salt March – 1930 o Indians were prohibited from making salt o Needed to purchase it from Britain o Gandhi led march o Key moment in civil disobedience against colonialism Gandhi’s philosophy o Satyagraha – passive resistance o Formulates in South Africa o Transforms Indian National Congress – 1915 o Problem in uniting Muslims and Hindu World War II Problems o Loans and overspeculations o National economic selfsufficiency as cure Imperial Japan o Great assertion of Japanese military power in the region o Militarism: for the good of East Asia Invasion of Manchuria – 1931 o League of Nations censures Japan Totalitarian regimes and women o Soviet “emancipate” women o Italian and German women to return to the home o “comfort women” in Japan International Incidents o Hitler’s plan for “Lebensraum” o Demolition of the treaty of Versailles 19331936 Germany army enlarged o Italian invasion of Ethiopia 19351936 o Spanish Civil war o Nanking massacre War inevitable 19381939 o The Munich Pact of 1938 o Nazisoviet pact August 23, 1939 o September 1 , 1939: German invasion of Poland War begins France defeated in summer of 1940 WWII – Civilian attacks Major attacks o 1937 Rape of Nanking – Japan o 1940 Battle of Britain after defeat of France – Germany o 19411943 siege of Leningrad 1.5 million Russians died 900 day siege U.S. joins the war o December 1941 attacks on Pearl Harbor o 1945 U.S. and Britain bomb Dresden, Germany o 1945 Hiroshima and Nagasaki Nazi racial “targets” going into war o Romany o Mixed race o Hereditary illnesses o “Asocials” – criminals o Homosexuals – gay men WWII – Cold War: War’s end o 19421943 Stalingrad turning point o June 1944 DDay Landings Germans surrender May 7 , 1945 o 1945 atomic bomb dropped in Japan Japanese surrender August 14 , 1945 Perpetrators o Denazification in Germany o Purges o Nuremberg Trials o Japanese War crime trials th December 10 , 1948 UN – human rights Cold War o WWII “Big Three” conferences in Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam Stalin, JFK, Churchill o West discovery of Katyn massacres o Churchill’s Iron Curtain Early Cold War o March 1947 declaration of Truman doctrine o June 1947 Marshall Plan o Containment theory o 1948 Berlin blockade and airlift Chinese revolution o Mao Zedong becomes a Marxist o Nationalist vs. communist o CCP gradually gains control o Chairman Mao Zedong – creation of People’s Republic of China 1949 Behind the Iron curtain o 1953 Stalin dies o 1956 Hungarian revolution Confused issues in Cuba o Cuban Revolution 1959 Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 Cuban missile crisis 1962
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