Exam 3 Note Bundle
Exam 3 Note Bundle Botany 260
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This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Anna on Monday December 7, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Botany 260 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Dr. Adrian Treves in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Ecology in Biology at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 12/07/15
Tuesday November 19 2015 Anna Conservation Interventions Strategies Any threat to an ecosystem has more than one feasible intervention Always more than one Do not use it as the only solution to the problem One is aimed at the head persuasion and education Another is prevention and modification of human behaviors In the last 20 years the accumulated consensus has come to be that it is important to understand the communication when talking about conservation Conservation requires a plan This is a generic product cycle The arrows are like a clock advancing Redefine and choose a new goal or you are done Most conservation products go through the cycle many times The blue boxes are defined Articulate be able to explain inspirational long time away Define CG specific and attainable Work on daily to help Threats What opposes this Obstacles and constraints Intervention abates a threat Monitoring plan measure success or failure Intervene Do Act Evaluate and Adapt Change and start again Look at synonyms on PowerPoint We need to be able to translate between individuals languages Assignments that lie ahead Foley video that we previously watched articulates a threat When a tree falls Watch videos and really understand their cycle that was just talked about We will help you differenTiaTe The elemenTs Analyze Them Go backwards in The cycle To undersTand our sTeps of compleTing The goal Human Wildlife Conflicfs Wildlife ThreaTen someThing claimed by people Two goals 1 Human welfare goal MosT conservaTion groups use This as a goal 2 ProTecT biodiversiTy and ecosysTem Very few wanT To see a species go exTincT Arrows on slide show cause and effecT BrighT Red ThreaTs impacT human welfare Humans may be reading To The animals and TT could damage The biodiversiTy LighTer Red people may noT wanT To conserve These species Which may lead To humans wanT To kill animals They musT oppose iT To such an exTenT ThaT They acT on H These arrows are hypoThesis proposed cause and effecT noT proven MosT imporTanT Thing ThaT came from conservaTion planning make conservaTionisTs have an expliciT conservaTion hypoThesis They would asserT ThaT when humans reTaliaTe againsT wildlife The biodiversiTy is harmed They assumed This We believe in fronT of all of iT will lead To doust ThaT is why iT so imporTanT To be expliciT Forcing The conservaTion planners To be more specific if makes you more efficienT in resources and effecTive in answers The Team can ask The Tough auesTions Infervenfions DirecT and indirecT DirecT inTervenTions I will direchy abaTe The ThreaTs lndirecT if I improve human Tolerance for wildlife people will noT oppose conservaTion OrganizaTions used To pour money inTo Things ThaT were noT working hypoThesis wise We will have To build someThing like This Colors To disTinguish differences Use sTrucTures Be careful abouT arrows Will be based on videos Planning fo be sysfemafic fhere are a lof of conservafion opfions Wildlife fhreaf and human inferesf Humans respond Ways to Intervene Direcf Barriers fencing neffing open areas used as a buffer If you decide fhis class of barriers are inferesfing fo use in fhe conservafion process you sfill have a variefy of mefhods Think of if as a menu can modify lndirecf Guards or Supervision Children dogs llamas Deferrenfs chemical repellanfs lighf device efc Reduce awareness of properfy or people fallte away dead horse use chili s Manipulafe ofher wildlife or habifaf frozen apples for polar bear supplemenfal feeding and busy work Lefhal confrols form of hunfing poisoning Non lefhal confrols shoclt collar frap and relocafe Creafe Profecfed areas Profecf wildlife from humans Co managemenf Compensafion or insurance pay for loss of domesfic animals Sharing and informing broadcasfs field frips Policies and laws Commenfs abouf if We acf because we ve fhoughf Make sure we are nof acfing ouf of habif Thinllt prior fo acfing in sifuafions Quesfion fhe idea Videos do nof malte fhaf very clear Affer fhanlltsgiving falllt abouf criferia fo evaluafe infervenfions Thinllt whaf is compafible Common sense way To be Confinued nexf lecfure Tuesday December 1 2015 Anna Conservation strategies Part 2 threats choosing interventions and the theory of planned behavior SHIP S H Invasive Species Pollution includes thermal air Bright red box refers to a direct threat The pink boxes categorize two broad ways of the way people act Now referring to users an important part of the public trust doctrine They could be individuals hunters etc could be a corporation lumber company Lacking an alternative use or a motivation to switch Organic movement is provided consumers with an alternative People had to lower the obstacle so people would eat the food Some people do not realize the damage they are doing There is complexity of cause and effect Managers are charged with intervening communicating rules and monitoring Natural resource managers is an example They interact with the user to assist the user in making legal socially acceptable behavior They can also intervene directly to cause damage An example of this is the snail darter built anyway eliminating the population of snail darter there Fire suppression for decades but also depleted the ecosystem Law makers lack awareness You could add more arrows policy makers in uence users This is meant to be simple To make it easier to analyze The materials have to require to analyze threats Second purpose is to make your hypothesis speci c Each arrow is a hypothesis When they are speci c they become testable The farther you get from the direct threat the more you see interpersonal interactions and personal thoughts There are at least 2 ways to intervene One on the direct threat and the other is the hearts and mind of the people quotThere is only one solution to this problemquot NOT TRUE be skeptical The way of abating threats they all have a different way to work The ones focused on human behavior seem more direct rather than hearts and minds There are more ways to abate an indirect threat because there are more indirect threats They offer different opportunities and costs What advantage could each approach give us Law is indirect or have more certainty if you stop the behavior If you try to persuade someone to stop they may go do it anyway Uncertainty is because we are all free willed People prefer persuasion because it could be longer term if it was successful People are likely to act if they think they can in uence the outcome What do other people expect of me and what do I expect of other people Do I like this behavior or do I dislike this behavior These are called intentions quotIf I get the opportunity I will eat organic foodquot They have not acted yet but they intend to How do you intervene How do you choose at least two options This began to cast doubt on traditional solutions to conservation Sometimes successful and sometimes failed Process of instinct choosing based on your gut This is different now Common sense phrases we use See metaphors on the powerpoint They are lots of clich s Look before you leap gather information before you make a choice Direct or indirect intervention Stick direct interventions it is confrontational rather than a carrot as an incentive Block the road they use to poach animals rather than just stopping each car and saying quotpoaching is badquot The indirect works to the user and sometimes like poaching you cant nd the poacher but direct you go through laws and managers Effective it will abate the threat or a high probability Do not understand it based on the term quotcosteffectivequot it is incorrect for the class Understand the term the way he presents it If you cannot measure the effect do not do it We will never know if it works Cost efficiency is the correct way to say this term It means that producing a result within your means Feasibility is enough for this class When comparing two options you may look at which one is more economical Too costly means it39s infeasible not ineffective Can you combine 2 Jailing poachers goes well together with education When they are compatible it is encouraged Functional incompatibility means that they do not work together poacher cannot be a game watcher if he s in jail Unintended consequences expect the unexpected Think two steps ahead How to involve others who and when General public future generations Groups managers decision makers Optimization participation most bene ts with the least costs How much participation is needed to be effective while still minimizing the costs as in negaUvesL
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