Religion Course Bundle
Religion Course Bundle HISTORY 112
Popular in Intro to World Religions
Popular in History
One Day of Notes
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
This 19 page Bundle was uploaded by Maddy Hodgman on Saturday January 31, 2015. The Bundle belongs to HISTORY 112 at University of Massachusetts taught by Jason Moralee in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 161 views. For similar materials see Intro to World Religions in History at University of Massachusetts.
Reviews for Religion Course Bundle
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/31/15
Monday November 3 2014 Judaism World Religion Key Terms Ethnogenesis Genesis Two Creations The Flood in Genesis and Epic of Gilgamesh Abraham and the Covenant with God Significance of the Jerusalem Temple Rabbis Torah Ethnogenesis People formation The processes by which people form into communities and distinguish themselves from one another Communities are not naturally automatically formed Recall Habitus as the we feeling Ancient Markers of Peoplehood 1 Constitutional Basis allegiance to a law constitution or covenant with gods 2 Biological Basis common ancestor customs of the ancestors and ancestral homeland What histories traditions forms of symbolization territorial claims led to the formation of IsraelitesHebrews HebrewJewish Ethnogenesis 1 Shared Cosmology creation storystories 1 Genesis Greek Origin Bereshit Hebrew In the beginning Jews first book of the Torah 5 Books attributed to Moses Monday November 3 2014 Christians first book of the old testament Yahwistic tradition people will be subject to different rules than God is The Great Flood in Judaism The Great Flood in Other Traditions Epic of Gilgamesh Comparison Yahweh destroyed mankind because of its wickedness Enlil destroyed mankind in Epic of Gilgamesh because Enlil acted without reflection No humans no sacrifice burnt offerings in both cases 2 Shared Genealogy Genesis 5 Biological Basis of Peoplehood Noah s sons Shem gt Arpachshad gt Shelah gt Eber gt Peleg gt Reu gt Serug gt Nahor gt Terah gt Abram from Abram come the people of Israel God sets Abram in motion God s covenant with Abraham circumcision and territory I am God almighty El Shaddai Moses and the Ten Commandments 1 No other gods 2 No idols and if so punishment is transgenerational everyone related to you for 3 generations after sins of the father 3 No misuses of the Lord God s name 4 Keep the Sabbath day hoy in honor of Lord God s creation 5 Honor father and mother to live long in God s given land 6 No murderkilling 7 No adultery 8 No stealing 9 No false witness against a neighbor 10 No lusting after neighbor s possessions Monday November 3 2014 God s reward for obedienceliving in accordance to God s lawswill not salvation and afterlife but offspring and territory benefits in this world 3 Importance of Jerusalem Temple David established a temple on the very place ordained by God for the Israelites emergence of the idea of a promised holy land promised to children of Israel for keeping the covenant wGod Sin and the cycle of destructions Two temples destroyed on the Ninth of Av 1 First temple or Solomon s temple 9C BCE 5876 BCE Destroyed by King of Babylon Beginning of Babylonian Exile 2 Second temple or Zerubabbel s Temple 519 19 BCE 3 Secondthird temple or Herod s Temple wanted temple to be as great as he was ln temple of Jerusalem House for artifacts from the Exodus Ark of the Covenant Sacrifices led by priestly caste Hebrew cohanim Pilgrimage center Pesach remembrance of Exodus Yom Kippur remembrance of temple destruction Herod s temple destroyed 70 CE Emperor Vespasian 6979 CE Titus and Jewish Revolt Siege of Masada 734 CE What happens to Hebrew religion without the temple Diaspora Greek dispersal religious communities Monday November 3 2014 Study of the Torah Synagogues Greek meeting place Rabbis specialists interpreting the Torah Rabbinic reactions to the destruction of the temple Essential theological meaning God s punishment is intentional How to keep the covenant in the absences of the temple sacrifice Prayer Deuteronomy 649 Sabbath Friday sunset to Saturday sunset Dietary laws keeping Kosher no pork shellfish predatory animals Festivals Yom Kippur Pesach Ninth of Av others 4 Importance of Torah and Calendrical Rituals Monday December 1 2014 World Religions Lecture Notes Alternative Spiritualities amp The New Age What do we mean by spirituality animating or vital principle life principle to breathe gt spirare Spiritual but not religious Acknowledged by established religions the Vatican What is New Age yoga tarot seances astrology etc modern use William Blake Milton draws from ancient religions and philosophies as well as modern mainstream religions and from sciences while responding to modern social pressures Common ultimate concerns transformation of planet and consciousness millenialismeschatology everything is energy thought matter quantum physicsnew science life is a lesson no coincidences spiritualized psychotherapy gnosis personal knowledge self is divine Range of Variation among New Age Groups Western Occult Esoteric Psychic ScienceSpiritualist Mystical Mainstream Neopagan and Shamanic Goddess and Gaia Monday December 1 2014 PsychoSpiritual Therapies Energy Medicine SatanicSatanism Beginning in the late 19th century with roots in Late Antique Gnosticism Neoplatonism amp Mystery Cults Renaissance Hermetic Philosophy 18th Century FreemasonryRosicrucianism 19th Century RomanticismTranscendentalism Oriental Wisdom influx of new ideas from Asia 1840s to 1920s Spiritualism gt 8 million believers Helena Blavatsky 18311891 lsis Unveiled The Secret Doctrine Theosophical Society NYC 1875 Yogic philosophy Swami Vivekananda India 18631902 Parliament of World Religion 1892 Aleister Crowley English 18751947 The Book of the Law 1904 THELEMA True Will desire Every man and every woman is a star OTC organization still around today 1980s famous for sex drugs and rock amp ro the beast Gl Gurdjieff Armenian 18771949 The Fourth Way Monday December 1 2014 esoteric Christianity also Sufi influence THE WORK Selfremembering soulmaking one is not born with a soul they have to work for it and through conflict and work with other people their soul will be created and crystallized putting people who did not get along together to resolve their conflicts Gerald Gardner English 18841964 New Forest Coven 1939 Janet amp Stewart Farrar Gardnerian Witches wrote A Witches Bible Starhawk Miriam Simos American b 1951 The Spiral Dance 1979 EcoFeminist Activist Magic is the art of changing consciousness at will We re tying a knot changes in consciousness as well as in political and economic structures changes in consciousness come about through changes in myth ritual and what we celebrate Modern Pagans 2001 deityspiritsacred is not something outside of the world it s immanent and embodied in the living world lbid Luisah Teish American Jambalaya 1988 AfroDiasporic EcoFeminist Priestess of Oushun Anton LaVey American 19301997 The Satanic Bible 1969 Carnality Hypocrisy trying to expose hypocrisy of JudeoChristian tradition it s about desire etc cynical view of society realistic INDULGENCE Not Evil but the Shadow Left Hand Path Superseded by Temple of Set XEPER become Michael Harner American 1929 The Way of the Shaman 1990 originally a Satanist PhD Anthropology UC Berkeley 1963 Foundation for Shamanic Studies Some criticisms of the New Age cultural imperalism plastic shaman Monday December 1 2014 European Americans taking Native American practices and playing lndian new wage profitmaking scam invented tradition escapist narcissistic Meditate Live ethically responsibly Have a dream practice Monday December 1 2014 bea mystic Be intimate with nature Be a monk or monkess Aim for bliss Develop a philosophy and theology of life Learn from the world s religions and religious traditions Wednesday November 19 2014 Lecture Notes Diaspora Religion and the Modern West Key Terms Diaspora New Cosmopolitanism Famine Mass First Amendment Pluralism Mobility and Globalization Less than 10 of the world is less than 48 hours by ground transportation from a city of 50000 people Some areas are more connected to urban life than others Decolonization sets the modern world in motion Types of Diasporas Victim Diasporas Jews Africans Armenians Irish Palestinians Labor Diasporas Indians Chinese Japanese Turks Italians Imperial Diasporas British Russian and other colonial powers Trade Diasporas Venetians Chinese Japanese Lebanese Deterritorialized Diasporas Roma Muslims Christians amp others Cultural identity result of agm not inevitability you have a choice in what your identity is and how it is expressed Is religious pluralism a problem Most want civic religionculture Can you have community in the face of pluralism Monday November 10 2014 Lecture Notes Christianity Key Terms Jesus of Nazareth Christos Apostolos Sermon on the Mount Stephen the Protomartyr SaulPaul Road to Damascus Nero Parting of Ways DoubleApostolicity Some facts 4 BCE Bethlehem 2630 BCE Jesus teacher miracle worker messiah Christos 30 CE Jerusalem Passover Pontius Pilate procurator Crucifixion and burial Jesus movement begins Apostles Greek apostolos messenger Holy Spirit and Evangelism Greek evangelion good news Jesus Teachings 1 Messiah prophesy of Isaiah fulfilled by Jesus Monday November 10 2014 2 Atonement and Apocalypse 3 God s Love forAll Sermon on the Mount 4 Salvation Eternal Life Resurrection 5 Remembrance of Jesus becoming Eucharist communion direct relation and remembrance of Jesus 6 Witness of Faith Persecution Stephen Protomartyr Holy Spirit Trial SaulPaul Saul originally a Jewish persecutor of Christians tried to destroyed the church We learn about Paul s teachings through his letters teaches about how the gospel is for all people not only Jews but Gentiles too also we are sinners from the moment we are born and need atonement Jesus is god and savior Martyrdom Acts 7 Paul in Rome Paul preaches to the Jews then to anyone who comes to him re the kingdom of God the end is near etc Within the Acts of the apostles Paul is able to interact with the Jewish communities in the city of Rome even under house arrest for two years It is during these 2 years that he is able to craft a distinct Christian movement separated from the Jews Jews in Rome periodically asked to leave Rome nonetheless a Jewish community persisted in Rome What did the Romans know about the Jews Decrees on the Capitol Allied people Monday November 10 2014 Did pagans read the bible probably not Cornelius TAClTUS Histories History of Jewish Revolt in Judea 6672 CE Roman Destruction of Jerusalem Temple 70 CE Tacitus on the Jews 1 What he knows Exodus wandering in desert Moses Sabbath Sabbath year Circumcision Tithe to the temple Prohibition of images What he knows Perverse disgusting misanthropic impious intolerant Too serious in worship glum Emperor Nero 5468 CE The Great Fire of 64 CE brings JewsChristians together as the city is destroyed Nero was blamed for the fire Nero first Roman Emperor thought to have persecuted the Christians The Parting of Ways Christians Jews Romans 1 Educated pagans aware of Jews Christians and origins 2 Jews and Christians a visible minority in Rome and misunderstood and distinct from one another 3 Jews Christians both considered depraved and antisocial why Agape Imperial Cult Arson and Apocalypse Monday November 10 2014 4 Similar to other superstitions From Execution gt Martyrdom gt Authority For Christians tradition of dual apostolicity The End of Antiquity The 7th Century World Successors of Rome Caliphate Carolingian Empire Byzantium Monday November 17 2014 Lecture Notes Islam Key Terms Rasul Islam Mohammad s Four Teachings Quran Hijra Umma Caliph First Fitna Dome of the Rock Stereotypes Religion of Conquest Religion of Victory Religion of Supersession Dynamic of precedingsucceeding Christianity gt Judaism Mohammad believed that Islam was the consummation of Old Testament traditions inherited by Christians Mohammad born 552 in Mecca Arabian peninsula Major players in 6th century Byzantium Sasanian Persia presentday Iran warring empires Minor players Kingdom of Axum Christian empire aligned formally wByzantium Ethiopia Kingdom of Himyar independent kingdom that professed Judaism as the truth Yemen PreIslamic Arab Religions Christians monophysites Monday November 17 2014 Jews Medina Starworshippers alLat sky goddess and alUzza morning star Pagan monotheists Hanifs and Hanafiya Pagans baetyls like Kaba in Mecca Mohammad s life facts born 552 orphan Caravan trade Khadija boss and wife mt Hira 600 develops Islam takes on name Rasul apostle to God Mohammad s 4 Teachings 1 God is good 2 Humans have a duty to God Islam submission 3 Humans have a duty to others 4 Final judgment Quran Gabriel s revelations to Mohammad on Mt Hira Persecution of Muslims in Mecca 61522 The Hijra 622 departure from Mecca to Medina Battle of Badr 624 Conversion of Medina umma community of faithful First four Caliphs successors 1 Abu Bakr 6324 Arabia 2 Umar 63444 Syria Palestina 6347 Damascus Jerusalem 638 3 Uthman 644656 Persia North Africa assassinated 4 Ali 656661 assassinated at Kufa First Fitna 656661 Muawiya Ummaya family The End of Antiquity The 7th Century World Successors of Rome Caliphate Abraham s empire Carolingian Empire Byzantium Monday November 17 2014 Empires of Abraham have one god one ruler one community It takes a long time for everyone in the Caliphate to convert to customs of Arabic in administration and in their daily life Changing the landscape Caliph alWalid 70515 Temple ofJupiter Church of St John the Baptist gt Mosque Dome of the Rock Temple Mount politics of sacred space marks where Mohammad took a nightjourney from Mecca goes through 7 realms of heaven meets Old Testament prophets and Jesus meets Allah who then communicates to him the truths he must share with mankind then returns to Mecca Believe in God Say Not Three Wednesday December 3 2014 Religion Lecture Notes Secularization the process whereby religious thinking practice and institutions lose social significance Bryan Wilson Religion in Secular Society 1965 Max Weber feared that secularization would bring the end of religion society Secularization and reenchantment of society New forms of religious affiliation as a result of secularization Missionary Church of Kopimism founded 2011 less than 3000 members founded by Isaak Gerson All knowledge to all The search for knowledge is sacred The circulation of knowledge is sacred The act of copying is sacred Symbol is a yin yang with CtrlC and CtrlV The persistence of religions Religion Change or Die Rev Dr John Polkinghorne Theologian and Physicist Belief in God in an Age of Science 1998 there are some classical Christian doctrines that need restatement and whose reconsideration will surely be part of the agenda of future development Persistence of Religions premodernisms and intolerance Church of Odin openly racist ideology Aryan dogma etc Paden s Four Points of the Comparative Method 1 Respect facts as phenomena epoche 2 Synthesize the facts 3 Understand historical and social context 4 What is the religious dimension Epoche gather facts before judgment Wednesday December 3 2014 Religious facts Problematize facts all data aren t selfevident Facts don t speak for themselves Hermeneutics to interpret to assign meaning building a system of valid interpretations Normative vs Descriptive approaches
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'