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Course Bundle - Lecture Notes

by: Maddy Hodgman

Course Bundle - Lecture Notes HISTORY 151

Marketplace > University of Massachusetts > History > HISTORY 151 > Course Bundle Lecture Notes
Maddy Hodgman
GPA 3.83
US History Since 1876
David Glassberg

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About this Document

Bundle of assorted lecture notes from US History Since 1876, covering civil rights, Vietnam, and the 1960s, 70s, and 80s.
US History Since 1876
David Glassberg
US History, us, history, civil rights, civil, rights, vietnam, War, vietnam war, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s
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This 11 page Bundle was uploaded by Maddy Hodgman on Saturday January 31, 2015. The Bundle belongs to HISTORY 151 at University of Massachusetts taught by David Glassberg in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 154 views. For similar materials see US History Since 1876 in History at University of Massachusetts.


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Date Created: 01/31/15
Wednesday November 19 2014 US History Lecture Notes Politics of Cultural Reaction and Economic Scarcity Key Questions In what ways did American society culture and economy change in the 1970s and 80s How were these changes reflected in American politics What consequences do these social economic and political changes have for today Cultural divisions of the 1960s counterculture issues youth in rebellion played up by government Identity Politics Black nationalism Black Panther Party 1965 Gay liberation Stonewall Riots 1969 Chicano movement La Raza political party presses for bilingual signs schools American Indian Movement 1970 Womens movement ERA 1972 Youth and Counterculture lead to a lot of disorder as perceived by 1960s establishment Beat generation Allen Gisberg Jack Kerouac Notion of dropping out of society pushing personal fulfillment Youth politics Students for a Democratic Society 1962 participatory democracy Protest Against Vietnam War wasn t just war also protest of bureaucracy etc Wednesday November 19 2014 everything that was wrong with American society Chicago Convention 1968 Richard Nixon and Politics of Cultural Reaction Nixon career before 1968 VP for Eisenhower but Eisenhower didn t really like him very much Election of 1968 George Wallace AmericanIndependent Party 1968 blames Democrats for social disorder Nixon s southern strategy builds Republican party Watergate as evidence of paranoid political style enemies list National Environmental Policy Act 1969 Earth Day EPA 1970 No more trade dominance industrial competition from Japan Germany later China third world nations more assertive No more labormanagement accord women and minority workers empowered by 1960s social movements demand more at the sam e time that global competition increases management pressure to cut costs Result Economic recession and fiscal crisis in 1970s GNP grew 4 per yar in 1960s 12 in 1970s Unemployment 45 year in 1960s 810 year n 70s just as baby boomers come of age and look for jobs ln flation 45 in 1960s 10 or more in 1970s 19808 Wednesday November 19 2014 Military buildup to maintain energy supplies and US markets overseas Monday November 17 2014 Class Lecture The 19708 Questions for 3 weeks In what ways did American society culture and economy change in the 1970s 2000s How were these changes reflected in American politics What consequences do these social economic and political changes have for today Politics of Economic Scarcity 19702014 up until 1970s tremendous economic growth Great Society ending poverty etc 1970 economy flattens out for a variety of reasons Pillars of American prosperity 194570 1 Cheap energy 2 Capitalcitizen accord what s good for GM is good forAmerica American public was willing to go along with what business was doing bc it increased their standard of living postDepression postWWII Americans begin to buy into the system 3 Managementlabor accord Management agrees to certain conditions to keep production levels high 4 Lack of competition in world trade postWWII Japan and Germany are devastated US is left standing as only world economic power able to export tremendous amounts of goods Collapse of pillars of postwar economic prosperity in 1970s war in middle east between Egypt and Israel do not embargo oil as a result no more cheap energy oil prices increase 4x energy Conservation Monday November 17 2014 Jimmy Carter inaugurated 1976 installed solar panels on White House 1979 speech about the energy crisis 1975 don t be fuelish speed limit lowered to 55 people encouraged to lower thermostats to 68 degrees in homes to conserve energy entryway for Japanese cars in American market is during energy crisis American manufacturers tried to create cars with rivaling gas milage Gulf War 1991 Iraq War 20032013 No more capitalcitizen accord increased demands on big business especially from environmental movement to be socially responsible Society less willing to absorb environmental costs of big business Water pollution control first law in 1948 Federal Water Pollution Control Act Water Quality Act 1965 establishes water quality standards for all major waterways and tributaries class B suitable for bathing and class D suitable for power Class A usable as a public water supply agriculture class C suitable for fishing and game and industrial processing class E was open sewage Clean Water Act 1972 aimed at cleaning up rivers cleaning up environment is good public policy Air Pollution control 1970 Clean Air Act congress passes ground breaking rules to curb pollution establishes National Ambient Air Quality Standards Monday November 17 2014 requires that EPA identify and set standards for pollutants identified as harmful to human health and the environment EPA established 1970 1970s were green decade Friday October 31 2014 US History Discussion Section Civil Rights Week ID Term of the week Middlefown analysis whowhat Robert and Helen Lynd husband and wife sociologists Middlefown Childrearing when collected data in 19203 published book in 1929 as representative of the decade so what article talks about family about family values discusses importance of social standing also about consumption signifying massive consumer economy of 19203 standard of living for children is improving as families choose to have less children to provide for them better ex In the 19203 the standard of living was rising exemplified by families choosing to have less children and provide the best for the few they did have also participating in the robust consumer economy that ballooned before the Great Depression Image ID of the week Political cartoon Uncle Sam driving a car that Hoover has driven into a ditch and now Hoover is running away while FDR rolls up his 3hirt3leeve3 Hooverville3 etc Hoover was very unpopular with American public FDR is depicted standing despite being paralyzed by polio did not want the American public to see him as anything less than vital when 1933 when FDR takes office after election in 1932 so what FDR s New Deal helped the US recover from the Great Depression cleaned up Hoover 3 me33 Friday October 31 2014 Essay questions 2 will appear on exam you will choose 1 Race labor gender ethnic relations and civil liberties question What is the impact of WWI and WWII on society Immediate impact Longterm impact Mention similarities and differences how are the war mobilizations similar how are they different WWII not New Deal lifted US out of economic depression What difference did the New Deal make mention New Deal Programs and their dates make sure to distinguish programs from first New Deal and second New Deal what are their long lasting importance pick 2 programs that either had a long lasting impact or are still in place American foreign policy 194145 how was it a sharp break wthe past How was it a continuation of prewar policy 1890s what was foreign policy 1941 what was foreign policy 1 What was America s foreign policy when they got involved wthe war 2 How was this a continuation How was this different than the past New Negro and New Woman in what ways did the Depression and new Deal advance their position In what way did the economic and political developments hinder the revolution in manners and morals Mention 2 specific examples What was New Negro What was New Woman Any time we mentioned AfricanAmericans and Women in 1920s How did New Deal hurt or help these groups MLK nonviolent approach civil rights activist Malcolm X violent approach call to arms wants independent black state Wednesday November 5 2014 Lecture Notes The 1960s Day 1 What were the origins and development of antipoverty programs of the 1960s Federal Social Programs Progressive Era Jane Addams reformer who wanted to better environment Carnegie building libraries FDR amp New Deal federal government creates work relief WPA etc Truman amp Fair Deal 1949 logical expansion of social security expand minimum wage laws to cover groups like farm workers direct federal aid to cities who were bearing the brunt of problems like Great Migration and rundown housing Eisenhower 1950s enormously popular with American public had the power to make change but not the will Kennedy 1960 young democratic leader very supported by Americans who wanted to expand the social safety net also had the political will was very concerned about poverty in Appalachia The 1960s were a result of the party s political power coupled with Johnson s political will and concern for social change Why antipoverty in the 1960s Michael Harrington The OtherAmerica calls attention to invisible poor LBJ s personal interest and political strength favorable economic climate GNP rose 45 per year 1961 65 economy is growing so fast that everybody can get a larger piece of the pie because the pie itself is getting bigger Johnson s War on Poverty Office of Economic Opportunity 1964 Job Corps 1964 Wednesday November 5 2014 Head Start 1964 Medicare 1965 Food Stamps 1965 Elementary and Second Education 1965 Model Cities and Department of Housing and Urban Development 1965 Key concepts Americans could afford to end poverty by tapping surplus affluence created by expanding economy without redistributing wealth ln expanding economy new opportunities could be created for minorities and poor without anyone else losing out What were successes and failures of civil rights and antipoverty programs Strengths End of legal segregation in South Increased black voting Limitations Mistargeted federal money Creaming the poor isolated underclass and undermines efforts at school de segregation Opportunity hard to expand during economic downturn Antipoverty money diverted to fight Vietnam War cuts begin in 1966 Monday November 10 2014 Lecture Notes Vietnam War Why did the USA intervene in Vietnam Europe has been colonizing all over the world causes tension wother nations First Vietnam War CeasefirePeace Treaty 1954 country would be divided at 17th parallel separating North from South Vietnam Expected that in 1956 election and reunification will happen Americans in Vietnam 19541964 US should go wherever necessary to prevent spread of communism Escalating American Involvement 196469 Vietnamese army cannot win this war without outside help 16000 troops in 1963 By Jan 1966 180000 American troops in Vietnam Dec 1966 380000 Dec 1967 500000 Peak number is 543000 troops in April 1969 Rapid escalation of US involvement in Vietnam why Tet Offensive February 1968 Opposing the War 1970 Kent State University campus Leaving Vietnam 196975 How did the US mobilize to fight war How did antiwar movement mobilize to pressure government to withdraw troops


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