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Chapter 25 part 2

by: Jenna Schneider

Chapter 25 part 2 MUS 200-0003

Jenna Schneider
GPA 3.6

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Music In General Culture
Professor VIcki Curry
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Jenna Schneider on Wednesday December 9, 2015. The Bundle belongs to MUS 200-0003 at James Madison University taught by Professor VIcki Curry in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Music In General Culture in Music at James Madison University.


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Date Created: 12/09/15
Chapter 25 part 2 Early twentieth century Aaron Copland 1900-1990 Appalachian Spring 1944 Video of ballet o Ballet composed for choreographer and modern dance pioneer Martha Graham-pioneer in modern dance o Won the Pulitzer Price in 1845 o A “pioneer celebration” set in the early 1800s in Pennsylvania o Expresses the anxieties and joys of farming life, loose plot o One act, either contrasting musical sections o Newly married couple who live on a farm where closet neighbor is five miles away o At Library of Congress in DC-where it was first performed o Section 1: introduction of the characters, one by one, in a suffused light o Serene simplicity o Slow presentation of the notes of the tonic and dominant triads (polychordal)—slow, piano o Section II: a sentiment both elated and religious gives the keynote of thie scene o Modern rhythms used for lively dance o Hymn-like melody in strings o Lively dance rhythms juxtaposed with hymn-like melody in trumpet o Nonimitative polyphony o Know its either the intro (slow notes and chords) or strings or the dance with hymn tune o Section VI: clam and flowing, scenes of daily activity for Bride and farmer-husband o Simple Gifts a 19 century shaker tune-clarinet o Theme and variations forms o Most familiar part of the song o A: normal part of the song : clarinet vs the ostinato that played over and over again o A1:Variation one: oboe and bassoon (a little bit faster) o A2: Variation two: violas and trombone play tune at half the speed (a lot slower) , ostinatos (repetition). Homophonic ->imitative polyphonic o A3: trumpets—much faster & strings are fast o A4: woodwinds-play tune more slowly o A5: trumpets and trombones play tune at fast tempo. Loud and strong finish  American composer Aaron Copland used fold and popular elements in his music creating a style accessible to a wide audience, compare the Copland sound to Igor Stavinsky  Copland vs Stravinsky:  Copland  Diatonic melodies  Tonal harmonies  Orchestration uses like instrumental fams  Clear, homophonic texture  Traditional rhythm and meter  Stravinksy  Disjunct melodies  Much dissonance  Orchestration mixes contrasting tone colors  Dense, polyphonic textures  Complex rhythm and meter Side lecture notes: American Composer Others included:  William Billings-lived at same time as Haydn(Enlightenment)- o time that usa was just becoming a country. WB was the most noted composer in America at this time As An Indian Arrow Flies (native American) fuguing tune; texture: polyphonic-imitative  Louis Morro Gotschak-born and raised in new Orleans- o wrote a lot of short character pieces but sounded very American in nature The Grand Walk Around-cake walk(had to do with carnival season & mardi gras) o song doesn’t sound like Copland –steady beat and syncopation : jazz & ragtime –but was written 30 yrs before jazz became a thing in USA Copland & Stravinsky compared Copland:  Diatonic melodies- light and smooth, flows  Tonal , often triadic harmonies  Thin, often homophonic textures-but also very thin, space chords out so one notes are far apart  Traditional rhythm & meter-very clear duple meter Stravinsky:  Disjunct melodies  Dissonant harmonies—loud and pounding  Deny polyphonic textures-very dense and a lot of layering. Ostinatos on top of each other, all over the place  Complex rhythm and meter – unmeasurable meter –layers rhythmic ideas . layered duple pattern, triple pattern etc and creates a thick dissonant sound


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