QUIZ 7 REVIEW
QUIZ 7 REVIEW MUS 200-0003
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This 0 page Bundle was uploaded by Jenna Schneider on Wednesday December 9, 2015. The Bundle belongs to MUS 200-0003 at James Madison University taught by Professor VIcki Curry in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Music In General Culture in Music at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 12/09/15
QUIZ 7 REVIEW Chapter 16 Bebop a complex harddriving style of jazz that emerged shortly after World War II it is played without musical notation by a small ensemble Big bands a midto largesize dance band that emerged in the 1930s to play the style of jazz called swing Blues an expressive soulful style of singing that emerged from the AfricanAmerican spiritual and work song at the end of the nineteenth century its texts are strophic its harmonies simple and repetitive Chance music music that involves an element of chance rolling dice choosing cards etc or whimsy on the part of the performers especially popular with avantgarde composers Cool jazz a style of jazz that emerged in the 1950s that is softer more relaxed and less frenzied than bebop Electronic music sounds produced and manipulated by magnetic tape machines synthesizers andor computers Free jazz a style of jazz perfected during the 1960s in which a soloist indulges in flights of creative fancy without concern for the rhythm melody or harmony of the other performers Jazz a lively energetic music with pulsating rhythms and scintillating syncopations usually played by a small instrumental ensemble Minimalism a style of modern music that takes a very small amount of musical material and repeats it over and over to form a composition New Orleans jazz an early style of jazz that emphasized improvisation by a small group of soloists cornet clarinet and trombone and a rhythm section Postmodernism an allinclusive style in the arts that developed after 1945 and in which almost anything goes with all works valued equally Prepared piano a piano outfitted with screws bolts washers erasers and bits of felt and plastic to transform the instrument from a melodic one to a percussive one Ragtime an early type of jazz emerging in the 1890s and characterized by a steady bass and a syncopated jazzy melody Scratching manipulating the needles of one or more turntables scratching on the vinyl of the record while other prerecorded sounds loop continually in the background Sampling extracting a small portion of prerecorded music and then mechanically repeating it over and over as a musical backdrop to the text of a rap song Swing a mellow bouncy flowing style of jazz that originated in the 1930s Symphonic jazz music mostly of the 1920s and 1930s that incorporates idioms of jazz into the genres and forms traditionally performed by the classical symphony orchestra Synthesizer a machine that has the capacity to produce transforms and combine electronic sounds Impression in Art 0 Result of antiGerman sentiments Late 19th century that sought to recreate the impression of a single fleeting moment began in France amp centered around Paris part of nationalism French wanted their own music 0 Against representational art experience of a moment rather than exact rep camera was invented amp painters couldn t compete Spots of color amp short brush strokes create movement amp fluidity Importance of light 0 Artist Monet Renoir Degas Pissarro and Cassatt Long expressive melody Clear rhythms meters 0 Strong c Climaxes cadences Purposeful chord progressions Color reinforces themes 0 Short motives Obscure beat meter 0 Anti climatic cadences Static undulating harmony Color quot for its own sakequot Melody motives rather than long themes use of a whole tone pentatonic and chromatic scales to obscure tonic Harmony static harmony instead of strong cadences use of 7th and 9th chords parallel motion Rhythm free exible rhythms with irregular accents Color soloistic writing emphasis on woodwinds and brass Texture varies from thin and airy to heavy and dense primarily homophonic Form adapted to the particular composition avoidance of traditional forms 18621918 0 Majority of his career spent in Paris Studied piano composition and music theory at the Paris Conservatory o Traveled to Italy Russia and Vienna thanks to his patron Nadzhda von Mack o Won the Prix de Rome in 1884 0 Works include Prelude to the Afternoon of the Faun 1894 Pelleas et Melsande opera 1902 two books of preludes for piano 0 Written to precede a stage reading of the poem the Afternoon of the Faun by Stephane Mallarme poet 0 Music not a programmatic depiction of the poem Illustrates dream like mood vague and elusive Exploits distinctive orchestral colors especially woodwinds more than melody o No repeating rhythms or clear cut meters 0 Static harmony Loosely constructed ternary form Midi d un Faune turning away from the predominantly idealistic sentimental aesthetic of Romanticism Partially due to the upheaval of the Franco Prussian War and WWI o Disjunction anxiety hysteria 0 Progress not always positive Radical experimentation Shock value Reaction to values of romanticism Discard the value of romanticism Discard the idea that art should be beautiful 00000 0 Cubism formal reality fractured into geometrical planes Expressionism express strong emotions generated by objects express the subjective unconscious Fragmented and angular Octave displacement 0 Avoid simple intervals for more dissonant ones 0 Avoid conjunct movement 0 More chromaticism o Emancipation of dissonance o No need to resolve to consonance 0 Can move to another dissonance o Triad reduced in importance 0 Tall chords 9t 11ths Polytonality two tonal centers sound simultaneously Atonality no audible tonal center 0 Emancipation of Rhythm abandoned traditional framework of rhythm and meter Personi ed the cultural pluralism and stylistic diversity of cutting edge art music 0 Born in Russia 0 A citizen of Russia France and later US Composed in many genres and styles 0 Rose to fame composing for Russian impresario sergei Diaghilev s Ballet s Russes Musical style traits 0 Preference for percussive sounds and winds 0 Driving rhythms 0 Structural ostinatos and created complexities Stravinsky Le Sacre Du Printemps 1913 o The greatest masterpieces of modern music 0 Most notorious premiere in the history of Western Music 0 A riot broke out due to the shocking music and choreography 0 Russian folk elements primivism attempt to capture the unadorned lines raw energy and elemental truth of non western art and apply it in a modernist context Shocking musical effects Percussive orchestras Dissonant poly chords Irregular accents Explosive syncopations Destroys sense of metrical regularity o Ostinatos with fast tempos give the music an incessant driving quality
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