Body and Context
Body and Context COM 250
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Meagan Mowery on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Bundle belongs to COM 250 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Imbody in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Nonverbal Communication in Communication Studies at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Nonverbal Communication Body and Context 09/03/2015 Oculesics The study of how the eye sends messages. We think others are “located” behind her/his, we look for emotion, meaning. Eye contact- when both people look into one another’s eyes. It is an invitation to communicate, a sign of warmth and involvement and many personal qualities are attributed to eye contact. Pupil Dilation Pupils dilate when they experience arousal, positive affect, of attraction to another. We perceive dilated pupils as attractive leading low light settings to be perceived as good. Proxemics The study of Communication through interpersonal space and distance. Territoriality The notion of occupying, claiming and maintaining territory for yourself. We use boundary markers to ward off others. Personal Space A 3 foot bubble for most of us. The ranges change depending on the situation. Intimate distance- contact to 18 inches Casual/Personal distance- 1 ½ feet to 4 feet Social/Consulting distance- 4 to 8 feet Public distance- 8 feet out. Haptics Touch in Communication. Functional/professional touch – least intense. (Doctor, chiropractor, dentist) Social Polite function- the handshake Friendship/warmth- it is less formal than social polite, but still in the same vein. Love/intimacy – increasingly personal and unique Sexually arousing – the most personal form of touch, reserved for few. Touch Taboos When and how not to touch is as important as knowing when to touch. ▯ Contextual Codes ▯ ▯ Macroenvironments ▯ The places we live and the climates therein. ▯ What do we perceive as comfortable? ▯ ▯ Microenvironments ▯ Smaller, local arenas constructed by people. ▯ The environment provides context for all the other communication that takes place therein. ▯ They are designed to produce certain reactions and emotions in communicators. ▯ The surreal environments created by Las Vegas are good examples. ▯ ▯ Sociopetal/Sociofugal Environments ▯ Bringing people together/keeping people apart. ▯ ▯ Seating arrangements ▯ The semi-circle. ▯ Why is this good, what do you like about it? ▯ What are your other classes like? ▯ ▯ Temperature ▯ Hot=less communication ▯ ▯ Chronemics ▯ The study of the way we structure and the meanings we attack to time. ▯ ▯ Time is a commodity ▯ Time=money ▯ ▯ Waiting Time ▯ Being early is being on time, being on time is being late, being late is being fired. ▯ ▯ Western Culture dictates promptness ▯ Especially in the US. ▯ ▯ Spending Time Time with others indicates psychological closeness and immediacy. Time spent with others is a leading predictor of relational understanding. Talk Time Being dominating or overshadowed in conversation builds others perceptions of you. Body Speed Slow - hypokinetic Fast - hyperkinetic Response latency - time it takes to respond to another’s question/request. Biological Time Rhythms of living things (Sleep, errands, sports) Circadian Cycles Olfactics The study of NVC through scent and smell. Americans are the most heavily and artificially scented people in the world. Smells are memory triggers. Pheromones Pherein (to carry) and hormon (to stimulate or excite) External chemical messengers. Smell and the development of human civilization. ▯
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