Popular in Criminal Justice 100
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Megan Flory on Saturday January 31, 2015. The Bundle belongs to CJ100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Doug Klutz in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 343 views. For similar materials see Criminal Justice 100 in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 01/31/15
Chapter 1 Introduction 1 Sex vs Gender a Sex biological categories of male and female i Genes chromosomes hormones ii Relatively stable not easily changed b Gender social categories of male and female i Psychological featuresrole attributes ii More uid category in uenced by society culture time 2 Gender Roles a Role social position accompanied by set of norms or expectations b Gender role expectations that accompany being male or female i Expect men to be strong not show emotions 1 Masculine ii Expect women to be caring emotionally expressive 1 Feminine 3 Masculinity and Femininity a Masculinity traits behaviors interests assigned to the male gender role i Ex Selfcon dence watching sports b Femininity traits behaviors interests assigned to the female role i Ex Emotional helping others 4 Types of Role Con ict a lntrarole con ict expectations within a role con ict i Ex Women should express own feelings and be sensitive to others39 needs b lnterrole con ict expectations of one role con ict with expectations of another role i Ex Expectations of student role con ict with expectations for gender 5 Gender Identity a Gender role identity perception of self as psychologically male or female b Transsgender biological sex does not match gender identity c Transsexual people who have undergone hormonalsurgical treatments to align biological sex to gender identity i Maletofemale transsexuals most common d lntersex persons born with ambiguous genitalia hermaphrodite 6 Gender Identity Disorder GID a DSMIV TR b People who are uncomfortable with their assigned biological sex 7 Sexual Orientation a Heterosexuals prefer othersex partners b Homosexuals prefer samesex partners c Bisexuals do not have a preference 8 Process of Gender Typing a Process by which sexappropriate preferences behaviors skills and selfconcept are acquired b Sextyped individuals who adhere to gender role that society has assigned to their sex c Crosssex typed males who act feminine females who act masculine d Androgynous individuals who incorporate both masculine and feminine qualities 9 Gender Role Attitudes a Beliefs about how men and women should behave b Traditional gender role attitudes t society s expectations for how men and women should behave c Egalitarian believe that men and women should be similar in characteristics and behaviors d Transitional strive for egalitarian but some traditional values remain 10Components of Gender Role Attitudes a Affective feeling component sexism b Cognitive beliefs sex stereotypes c Behavioral treatment of others sex discriminations 11Feminism a Someone who believes men and women should be treated equally b High regard for women 12Status and Culture a In most cultures men have a higher status than women b Men have higher rates of literacy more access to healthcare higher earnings leadership positions c Boy babies are preferred 13The Sex Differences Debate a People vary in beliefs about whether sexes are fundamentally similar or different b Minimalists believe sexes are basically the same existing differences are small and due to context not rooted in biology i Argue that studying gender differences rei es stereotypes c Maximalists believe there are fundamental differences but one sex is not quotbetterquot than the other d Constructionists believe that gender is seen as dynamic dependent on context created by perceiver i Gender is not a static attribute of individuals ii Challenges validity of studying gender as an quotobjectivequot science iii Emphasizes variably within each gender iv Focuses on how social institutions culture and language contribute to gendered behavior 14Women39s Movement a Began in 18005 b Different issues historically than today c Common thread of women39s movement around the world Focus on improving position of women in society and ensuring equal opportunities for women and men 15Men39s Movement a Not as cohesive as women39s movement b Some endorse feminist positions ad are concerned about harmful aspects of men39s traditional gender role i Ex National Organization for Men Against Sexism
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