Week One and Two
Week One and Two Classics 102
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Casey Kampegaard on Sunday February 1, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Classics 102 at University of Massachusetts taught by Eric Poehler in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 89 views.
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Date Created: 02/01/15
IIIGOO IIIOOIIOIOIIIIO IIIIIOOO Week One Fridav Januarv 23rd What Have the Romans Ever Done for Us Legacy of the Romans Root for our Languages LatiI Romance languages 13 of English words come from Latin 40 From French and about 30 from old English The Roman Catholic Church still speaks Latin as the official language Formal professional languages like medicine law and other sciences use latin words and phrases Linguistic symbolism using Latin phrases to show power and might evoking the empire Basis of our Government Senate Checks and Balances Republic Political symbolism Mercury Dime form of Victory and Fasces Olive Branches Architecture Columns arches cement sewers Symbolic architecture Coffered ceilings arches columns symbols of power and prestige Transitional architecture gateways and points of entrance to show grandeur Ruins Pantheon and former temples used as Churches Road Systems Infrastructure 400000 KM of Roads across the empire 15 paved in stones Advancement in stone laying for road systems Aqueducts and Sewers as well as viaducts that are still used today Cloaca MaXima can still be used in Rome Aqueducts were designed not to erode by slow water movement Ports and Harbours to import goods to the cities Public spaces and Amenities bath houses coliseums amphitheaters circuses Things for the populous to do and places to gather Plumbing running water in and out Literature Pliny Juvenile etc Rome is remade in our image 1870 s Italian Independence modeled after Roman Republic l930 s Fascist Gov t uses Ultra Nationalism and image of the fasces to evoke empire l990 s Millenium Fever Rome was cleaned and beautified to represent the Eternal City 2000 s HBO s Rome makes people excited about Rome and the idea of Panem et Circenses is very relatable Week Two Mondav Januarv 26th Geography of the Med and Italy Mare Nostrum Mother Sea Common Sea Balance of power shifts to the Med Sea and begins Western Civilization Italy Rome is the center of the Latium Tuscany is the homeland of the Etruscans Campania in Southern Italy Sicily the tip of the boot Northern Italy above the Po Valley Alps to the North bracket the peninsula protecting Italy from large migrations into the homeland 000 O 0 GOOD I IIIO I I I I0 II I 000 Apennine Mountain Range divides peninsula into East and West and into Mountainous and Agricultural culture Italy is made of volcanic igneous rock sedimentary rock from volcanic ash Apennine separates peninsula into two water basins but Rome develops on the Western side since it has a large tract of at land and a large basin Roman Ancestors The Greeks Minoans on the Island of Crete late bronze age myth of the minotaur and labyrinth Defeated by the Mycenaeans of Mycenae Mycenaeans have been trading metal with island of Elba defeat Minoans and attack Troy bringing the mythical age of heroes including the Trojan War 1200 BCE Dorians destroy the Mycenaeans Hittites and Assyrians narrowly defeated by Egyptians Economic connections collapse 1100 900 ushers in the Dark Ages 800 begins the Golden Age of Greece colonization begins around the Med Sea in Anatolia Italy Gaul Gibraltar Pillars of Hercules North Africa Italian Heartland Rome mythically founded in 8th Century BCE Myth of Romulus and Remus raised by Lupa Villanovans in Northern Italy Seed culture of Italy Indo European language Carthaginians come from Phoenicia and settle in modern Tunisia in uencing metallurgy and artistic styles Etruscans of Northern Italy trading with the Greeks and the Phoenicians Israel and Jordan and the Persians in uenced by the Greeks and Carthaginians but not related to the Villanovans Villanovans andto Etruscans Tenth century onwards inhabit Bologna to Campania most of Western Peninsula Discovered for the first time at Villanova in 1853 by Count Gozzadini Archaeological Culture sets of similar or identical stuff that are unified across an otherwise very different culture The things left behind that we can use to identify a group of people Cremated their dead and buried them in an urn in a deep grave The urn was covered in stones and an offer of stuff was made above and to the side Bi conical ossuary Container to pour liquid matched with cup to drink Used as the urn Made of unrefined clay called impasto with Mica or stone chips Cup of the urn develops from a cup to an anthropomorphic shape Ready access to iron copper lead tin and mercury By the 8th Century BCE the elites appear to be buried in highly crafted metal forms Implies that society has value for certain people and who they were Week Two Wednesday January 28th Villanovans Continued Wattle network of stakes and sticks around which Daub a mud clay dung material is applied These funerary urns tend to belong to young men perhaps important leaders of the community OO OOOOIOIIIOO IIIOOIO The fact that these men are given the special house and precious goods to accompany them into the afterlife we tend to believe that they must have been valuable to the living and to their societies in life Satricum is one of the first villages that shows how people lived Foundations of Villanovan huts found on the Palatine Hill where the mythical Romulus and Remus argue and Romulus ascends to the heavens and mythically founds Rome The Rise of the Elites Symbols of Power and Legitimacy Tombs to signify the importance and honoring of the dead Houses grow to remind of importance Exotica and Luxuria show that they have the ability and the right to be special The Elite funeral Regolini Galassi Tomb Etruscan tombs 650 600 BC Large domed hut in this case two to hold objects Long hallways between them Villanovan Heirloom called Fibulae clothing clipbrooch shows figures of lions and is not based on Etruscan life Perhaps early item of trade or sign of legitimacy that 200 years later showed the family to be worthy of the elite title Social Organization Technology Stratification supports the powerful Social Organization Distinction Social Organization becomes Spatial Organization Tombs encircle the city housing the important dead Houses grow larger and more ornate There is however no urban segregation Temples to honor gods and to show the power of the family to build them and to show that they are favored by the gods Week Two Fridav J anuarv 30th Etruscans Romans ancestors used to be called the following QRasna Rasenna QTusci Etrusci QTyrrhenians 0 Culturally distinct studied culture via archaeology and DNA and they are distinct 0 Where did they come from and how do we read their written language Pre Greeks QLydians Virgil QItalic Dionysius of Halicarnasus homogeneity QChose Greek language as written language it is unique in that it is Non Indo European 0Kaminia Stele Late 6th century QArchaeological Museum in Athens Q98 letters to form 33 words QUntranslated Lemnian language in a known script Greek 0Pyrgi Tablets 500 BCE gLPhoenician Etruscans QNot a direct translation QDiscovered near Cerveteri in 1964 0 Transliteration and Translation QEtruscans seemed to have borrowed things from other people Cerveteri Tombs Banditaccia 700 200 BCE QTomb of the hut Cerveteri Domestic themes QTomb capitals Baroque styles Tombs change shape sometime around 550 450 BC definitely after 530 BC QTomb development over time Banditaccia necropolis At first dead are kept far away later grouped together 0 Dice tombs QSmaller and planned less space re ect changes in society QOpens stratum of society to whom such burial practices were allowed QGenerally interpreted as rise of middle class Allusion to domestic and dining drinking cups jugs Greek in uence QEX Cerveteri Tomb of the Reliefs Married Couple Late 6th century BC Villa Giulia may not have been a married couple at all but some friends at a party just spending time with one another on a kline similar to a couch Q kouros young man Grave marker Late 6th cent BC 0 Symposium Greek in uence 0Tarquinia capital of Etruscan painting QMonterozzi cemetery QTomb of the Auguri c 530 BC QGladitorial combat at funerals QTomb of Lionesses and Tomb of Leopards 470 BC QEtruscan Bronze Liver 3 211d BC Piacenza I Haruspicy
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