Super tough professor. You will NOT get an A regardless of how you study or how hard you study. We just took our second exam and I am thinking about withdrawing from this class. For the first exam the highest grade was an 86. If you don't care about your grade, take him. He expects you to know a lot. You have to read the chapters! The average on the first test was a 65 and he said that was better than he expected. Totally surprised they haven't fired him for the grades we all get. Passing barely with a c, and I'm an a student. Good luck if you have to take him.