Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide CJ 300
Popular in Survey of Criminology Theories
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Hendrixson on Monday February 2, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to CJ 300 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Diana Dolliver in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 874 views. For similar materials see Survey of Criminology Theories in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 02/02/15
Cl 300 Exam 1 Study Guide 1 A variable correlated with crime means it is a cause of the crime a True b False 2 If a theory if crime causation is parsimonious then a It focuses on explaining a large range if criminal behaviors b The propositions in the theory do NOT contradict each other ie the theory is internally consistent c It is useful and provides a practical guidance for social policy d It relies on a few simple propositions rather than a complex set of statements e It has strong empirical support 3 Theories are philosophical quotwhat ifquot questions a True b False 4 If a theory of crime is empirically valid ie ha empirical validity this means a The theory has been supported by past research b The theory has never been tested before c The theory has NOT been supported by past research 5 In general scienti c theories of crime a Make statements about the relationships between observable phenomena b Try to explain how two or more events are related to each other c Try to understand why people conform or deviate from social and legal norms d All of the above e None of the above 6 Classical criminologists in the 18th century would AGREE with the use if cruel punishment such as hanging and the use of the guillotine ie the founders of the classical school of criminology supported cruel and unusual punishment a True b False 7 According to Beccaria what are the 3 important factors of punishments that later became the foundation for Deterrence Theory a Proportionality morale rehabilitation b Aggression reciprocity retaliation c Swiftness certainty severity d Authority apprehension con nement 8 Absolute deterrence occurs when l refrain from committing ANY crime because if the fear of legal punishment a True b False 9 The use of capital punishment ie the death penalty in the state of Alabama is an example of Speci c deterrence Legal force General deterrence The social positivist school apem Cl 300 Exam 1 Study Guide 10Formal punishment by the state the criminal justice system ALWAYS served as a deterrent a True b False Empirical validity Theory has been supported by previous research Cognitive validity Sentiment relevance How you personally relate to a theory Testability Can you measure the elements of your question about crime Can you operationalize the theory CPTED Crime prevention through environmental design Key principles Natural access control Natural surveillance Territorial reinforcement Deterrence theory What is the best predictor for decrease in crime rate Free will 3 elements Severity Swiftness Certainty RCT Cornish and Clarke Claims that criminal acts are never impulsive always cacuated actions RAT Stages of involvement Initiation Hab uann Desistance Formal vs informal guardians Formal Anything to do with the law or legal system Informal Anything that has nothing to do with the law or legal system Example of Presence of capable guardian FHend Suitable target Walking alone at night Motivated offender Anyone who has the opportunity to commit a crime Explains crime as function of what Personal motivation opportunity SCP C 300 Exam 1 Study Guide Focuses on how not to be a victim Focuses on setting Marco vs micro level theories Marco is the whole picture Micro is individual Classical School of Criminology What does it emphasize The causes of crime and criminal behavior are external to the individual General deterrence Death penalty Tautological Circular argument Theory must not be in this form Cohen amp Felson39s elements of predatory criminal acts Routine activities RAT Directcontact crimes Main criteria for theory evaluation Testability Empirical falsi cation Nontautological Logica Wide scope Separate from time and place Parsimonious Usefulness and policy implications Importance of falsi cation Can you start with a question and prove it wring Becca a CJ system was cruel and unusual Bentham Expanded on Beccaria39s ideas Soft determinism Useful theory of crime What does it provide Practical implications Theories that seek to explain the development and enforcement of laws address what issues Bounded rationality RCT theory Commit a crime rational or irrational choice based on what information you know Perceptual measure Scared Straight program 19705 For quotat riskquot youth Taken to max secure prison to talk to inmates Failed program Articulate vs unarticuated propositions quotLet the punishment t the crimequot CI 300 Exam 1 Study Guide Classical School of Criminology Crime scripts Flowcharts How RCT is tested Includes motivations backgrounds experience etc Latent constructs Can we directly measure it Yes Ideologies vs theories Theories provide reasoning and explanations Ideologies are philosophical debates what quotshouldquot happen
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