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Study Guide for World Geography Exam 3

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by: Simone Edwards

Study Guide for World Geography Exam 3 1030

Marketplace > University of Tennessee - Chattanooga > Geography > 1030 > Study Guide for World Geography Exam 3
Simone Edwards
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These notes are the basic layout of Exam 3 with the exception of the map.
World Geography
Robert Hoff
Study Guide
World Geography Exam 3
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"Loved these! I'm a horrible notetaker so I'll be your #1 fan in this class"
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Simone Edwards on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 1030 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Robert Hoff in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.


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Date Created: 04/06/16
World Geography Exam 3 Topics of Interest: (essay questions; I put the main paragraph. Either use this exactly, or use the sentences with the vocabulary in it.) Spatial diffusion-expansion diffusion, contagious and hierarchical, relocation diffusion (define and give examples): The spread of Islam provides a good illustration of a series of processes known as spatial diffusion that focus on the way ideas, inventions, and cultural practices propagate (or spread) through a population in space and time. In 1952, Torsten Hagerstrand, a Swedish geographer wrote a book on spatial diffusion: The Propagation of Innovation Waves. He reported that diffusion takes place in two forms: expansion diffusion, when propagation waves originate in a strong and durable source area and spread outward, affecting an ever larger region and population (when waves have a strong foundation and spread); and relocation diffusion, in which migrants carry an innovation, idea, or a virus from which the source to distant locations and it diffuses from there. Islam spread through expansion diffusion, and the worldwide spread of AIDS is a case of relocation diffusion. Both expansion and relocation diffusion include several types of processes. The dissemination of Islam began through a form of expansion diffusion called contagious diffusion as the faith moved from village to village across the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and Southwest Asia. But Islam got powerful boosts when kings, chiefs, and other high officials converted, who in turn propagated the faith downward through their bureaucracies to far-flung subjects. This form of expansion diffusion is called hierarchical diffusion. Environmental Health-medical geography-vectors, hosts, epidemic, pandemic (define and give examples) The study of human health in spatial context is the field of medical geography, and medical geographers employ modern methods of analysis to track disease outbreaks, identify their sources, detect their carriers, and prevent their recurrence. Tropical Africa is the focus of much research in medical geography. Investigators look at the carriers, or vectors, of infectious diseases, the environmental conditions that give rise to them, and also the cultural and social geography of disease dispersion and transmission. A disease that affects many people, or the hosts, in a kind of equilibrium, without causing rapid and widespread deaths is said to be endemic to that population. When a disease outbreak has local or regional dimensions, it is called an epidemic. It may claim thousands, even tens of thousands, of lives, but remains confined to a certain area, perhaps one defined by the range of its vector. When a disease spreads worldwide, it is described as pandemic. Africa’s and the world’s most deadly vectored disease is malaria, transmitted by a mosquito and killer of as many as 1 million people per year. The three D’s of boundary evolution: The three D’s of boundary evolution are: definition, delimitation, and demarcation. A useful way to think about boundaries is to regard them as contracts between states. Such contracts take the form of treaties that contain the definition of every segment of the boundaries between them. These written definitions refer to actual landforms of the terrain through which the boundary lies. Next, surveyors translate these descriptions into lines on large-scale maps show that every detail in the landscape. This process of delimitation creates the official boundary agreed to by the parties, and we see the results in generalized form on atlas maps. Sometimes neighboring states start arguing over the treaty language or the outcome of delimitation. To avoid such problems, states mark certain stretches of their borders with fences, walls, or other barriers, a process referred to as demarcation. Unfortunately, this does not always preclude disputes.  There will be an outline map of Africa to identify countries- name 20 for 2pts. a piece Other topics: (30 questions) Apartheid:  system of racial segregation and separation in South Africa  Whites held political power  Indians also segregated Pyramids:  A part of Egyptian culture hearth Rift Valleys:  Lakes except Lake Victoria lie in deep trenches called rift valleys  East Africa Islam:  Predominant religion in North Africa and Southwest Asia African countries never colonized:  Liberia and Ethiopia Climate and Vegetation pattern of Africa:  Vary symmetrically away from the equator Continental drift:  (Pangaea) Gondwana Landform term for Africa:  Plateau continent Worst disease in Africa:  Malaria (disease that kills most Africans) Conference of Berlin:  Where Africa was divided up amongst Europeans in 1884 Slave trade East Africa:  In West Africa, it was Europeans  In East Africa, it was the Arabs Largest sector of African economy:  Agriculture Caprivi Strip:  Located in Nimibila  Small strip of land that connects the main part of Nimibila to the Binbinzee river  German Southwest Africa—they wanted to extend colonies to have access to Indian Ocean Country identified as buffer state in Southwest Asia:  Afghanistan Capital of Israel:  Jerusalem Largest oil reserves Middle East:  Found in Saudi Arabia Five pillars of Islam:  Shahada- the confession of faith, the first of the Five Pillars and central creedal statement of Isalm: there is no god excep God. Muhammad is the messenger of God.”  Salat- prayer  Sawm- fasting  Zakat-Almsgiving as an act of worship  Hajj- a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah Maghreb:  Refers to mountainous region in Northwest Africa in Morocco All the “stans” of Turkistan:  Afghanistan-has had continuous warfare since invaded by Soviet forces in 1979  Turkmenistan-relatively closed and dictatorial  Kazakhstan-larger than other 5 combined but situated in a major ethnic transition zone  Uzbekistan-most populous state; heart of region  Kyrgyzstan-wedged between powerful neighbors and chronically unstable  Tajikistan-regionally and culturally divided Religious associations of North Africa/Southwest Asia:  Christians found in Lebanon  Coptic Christian found in Egypt  Jews found in Israel  Islam found everywhere else Characteristics of the Southeast Asian realm:  Population densities in Southeast Asia is very low  Primate cities  Climate is humid tropical  Egypt and Lower Nile Basin (heart of the realm)  Maghreb and its neighbors  The Arabian Peninsula-dominated by the environment territory of Saudi Arabia  The Middle East-pivotal region includes Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, etc.  The Empire States  Turkestan Colonial associations of Southeast Asia:  Spain  Philippines  France  Laos  Indochina  Dutch  English Boundary classifications:  Physiographic  Ethnocultural  Geometric Angkor Wat:  Former capital of Cambodia and restored by French Examples of state territorial configurations:  Compact states- have territories shaped somewhere between round and rectangular w/out major identifications: Cambodia  Protruded states- have a substantial compact territory from which extends a peninsular corridor that may be landlocked or coastal: Myanmar  Elongated states- have territorial dimensions where the length is at least six times the average width  Fragmented states- two or more territory separated by foreign territory or body of water: Malaysia  Perforated states- completely surround the territory of other states Archipelago:  String/chain of islands Mekong River:  Origin in China  Passes/crosses into the border of at least 5 other… Mainland/insular Southeast Asia:  Mainland: rugged uplands; deltas; tropical monsoon region o Includes: Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam  Insular: islands o Includes: Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, East Timor


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