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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mason Lutterbach on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.
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Date Created: 04/06/16
Japan and the Pacific Rim Japan: Economic development in the early 20th Century – Japan was in the midst of modernization, the Meiji Restoration. This was when a group of Samurai took over the regime, and began to modernize the Japanese government and economy. They dispatched embassies to the west, they basically learned from these western countries. They would find what country was doing the best in specific categories then they would send people to go learn how they do it. This results in rapid economic growth, they began to rise on the charts of economic power and in just a few decades they had the most access to electricity. Rise of Military – Has an officer core who had been groomed since being a child to become a Career Officer. By the 1920’s these Career Officers become head power, they really believed that they were to take care of Japanese culture. This helped during the Great Depression by putting people back to work by creating weapons and other military goods. The Career Officers killed the Prime Minister, and these Officers in turn behind the scenes took over control of the government. Postwar economy – After the war there was massive destruction all over Japan. Many towns are turned to mere rubble. In 10 years postwar and economic miracle occurs in Japan. Occupation – The Occupation was headed up by General Douglas MacArthur. The Occupation had 2 overarching goals. Their first goal was the demilitarization of Japan, and their second goal was the democratization of Japan. The way that the Occupation was allowed to demilitarize Japan was under the condition that America would have to defend Japan. Now in order to democratization of Japan, the Jag Officers wrote up a new constitution. Some of the new rules in Japan consisted of Japanese Women being able to vote, the Emperor lost all power, they became specifically a figure head. No longer would the Emperor run the Government, Japan would now be ran by a Parliament. Many school reforms took place with a very strong American influence on it. Land reforms also, took place the most land that you could have would be 2.5 acres, but if you were involved in the cultivation of it then you could have 7 acres. Japan’s Economic Recovery & Miracle: Government Policy – Economic development has been the number one goal. But this is not laisez faire, but rather a mix. Another fact was the great education. Education – The better the education = the better production. Big premium on Math, Science, and Engineers. Foreign Policies – No defense = more money to go into other categories Labor Policies – CEO’s of Japanese businesses don’t make the crazy money that American CEO’s, and that money stays in the company. This also keeps management and labor closer, which allows them to easily relate to each other. Savings – High rates of savings = Economies will perform better. You don’t want to save everything; you want to find a happy median with savings. Management Role of Technology – Many Americans began to buy Japanese made cars, this was due to the 1970 energy 2 crisis and the fact that these products were very reliable. All Japanese products are very reliable. Other Pacific Rim States: South Korea – In the 60’s the manufacturer Hyundai has a huge impact on its economic miracle. The founder of Hyundai is Chung Ju Yung and is looked at as a folk hero in South Korea. Taiwan – Has also become an economic power house because of Singapore – Very authoritarian government, highly regulated society. Regulated public behaviors, and regulated economy Hong Kong – One of the banking capitals of east Asia. Acted as a bridge from Western Europe to China To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 3
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