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by: Mason Lutterbach

aa Hist 1020

Mason Lutterbach

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World History II
Michael B. Smith
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mason Lutterbach on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.


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Date Created: 04/06/16
The Cold War, I Cold War:  A struggle between the United States and their allies against the Soviet Union and their allies  Democracy vs. Socialism Origins:  Yalta – A place in the Black Sea where, Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin all met to see how they were going to wrap up the war. The Soviets went in with the upper hand at Yalta, because they were about to meet their military objective and the United States & Britain had not yet reached theirs. What to do with Germany was decided here. Stalin wanted a buffer zone between them and Germany, so he could prevent another invasion by the Germans. The one condition Stalin had was that the buffer had to be Pro-Soviet, but Churchill and Roosevelt wanted Pro-Democracy land.  Fall of Berlin – Soviets begin to take reparations, by stripping the east of their industrial equipment. The soviets took this back to the USSR so they could rebuild.  Issue of Free Elections – Big tension between people to know if free elections would happen in Europe.  Potsdam (July 1945)  Containment – Truman claimed he was going to “Get tough” against the Soviets. Truman said that they could contain the spread of communism by making places less susceptible to communism.  Truman Doctrine (1947) – First implemented in Greece and Turkey, the United States gave a lot of foreign aid to these countries to help their economies recover.  Marshall Plan – Said the United States would give A LOT of money to 16 nations to help them recover from the war. What proceeded was economic miracles. Only Western European nations received this aid, not the Soviets. The Marshall Plan was extremely successful.  Churchill – Gave the Iron Curtain Speech in which he says. “There has been an Iron Curtain between the Eastern and Western European countries.” This gave a sort of overnight support for Truman’s policy  NATO – Alliance between the Western European Countries and the United States. Cold War Conflicts:  Berlin Airlift o Division of Berlin – Western Zones did better in recovering than did the Eastern Zones. First, less destruction in the West than the East. Second, money reforms worked better in the West. o Problem of Refugees – People could see that the Western part of Germany was doing much better economically, so people began to flee East Germany to West Germany. o Crisis – The Soviets responded to the this by closing off Berlin, so people could not leave. This was a very tense time, so the United States and Britain, began to fly in food and supplies. It was said that at some points planes would come every 3-4 minutes. The Western Allies saved West Berlin by dropping in supplies, causing the Soviets to back off (Western Allied Victory, without actually fighting).  Korean War o Invasion of South Korea – Truman got International support and was allowed to send troops over to 2 South Korea, so they could push back North Korea. MacArthur, lands at Inchon and begins his push North, towards the Yalu River. MacArthur wanted to go into China and stop Communism, but Truman did not want to expand this war into China. Due to these disagreements MacArthur was relived of his duties. th o 38 Parallel – The War came to a standstill at this parallel because China let it be known that if anyone came past this they would attack, and the US To learn more and get OneNote, visit 3


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