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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mason Lutterbach on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views.
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Date Created: 04/06/16
Chinese Nationalism Imperialism and Sources of Nationalism: Opium War (1839-42) – War between China and Britain, where Britain wins. Places in China don’t have to obey Chinese Laws. Instead these places create and obey their own laws. Taiping Rebellion (1850-64) – A rebellion led by Hong Xiuquan. Hong ended up taking up Christianity, but his was different than the normal type of Christianity. Xiuquan believed that he was the brother of Jesus, and that all Chinese religious ideas are wrong. These people were known as ani-manchu dynasty. They thought that all of their problems were because of the Manchu Dynasty and their weak authority. Boxer Rebellion (1900) – Anti-western and anti- foreigners. These Boxers began to start attacking foreigners that came into China. Early Nationalist Movement: Dr. Sun Yat-Sen – Studied in Western Europe. Very much in favor of a Chinese Democracy. He also wants to see land reform. Overthrow of Manchu/Qing Dynasty – Dr. Sun Yat-Sen steps a side when he overthrows the last Chinese dynasty. Government of Yuan Shi-Kai – The first president of China, and is the exact opposite of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen’s ideas. KMT – Movement led by Dr. Sun Yat-Sen to overthrow Yuan Shi-Kai. They fail to overthrow Yuan, and then they have to temporarily flee China. When Yuan dies the KMT are the ones left in charge. Turns to Russia for help, so Russia sends a lot of help for Chiang Kai-Shek – Assumes Dr. Sun Yat-Sen’s position when he dies. Chiang was very anti-communism, so Chiang held a purge of the communists in China. Communist Revolution: Mao Zedong and the Origins of Communism – Mao was a teacher and a big believer in Marxist ideas. Mao would expose Chinese students to Marxism. When the KMT purged China of the communist Long March – Mao and his followers marched from South China to North China. Meanwhile the KMT didn’t just let them march to the north, it is reported that there were as many as 300,000 skirmishes that happened during the long march. They started with 100,000 troops and ended with 8,000-4,000 soldiers. Japan WWII – Communist Victory – Communists defeat Chiang, has to go to the nearest Chinese island that is in taiwan To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 2
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