HSES 244 Exam 2 Study Guide
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This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Areidbrydon on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HSES 244 at Kansas taught by D. Scott Ward in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.
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Date Created: 04/07/16
HSES 244 Exam 2 Review 75 Questions – True/False, Multiple Choice Review the following: Guest speaker Dr. Phil Gallagher o Exercise and Sport Physiology Exercise physiology – the study of how our bodies’ structures and functions are altered when we are exposed to acute and chronic bouts of exercise Three Main Areas of Concentration: 1) Sport Physiology – applies exercise physiology concepts to an athlete's training and performance 2) Research Exercise Physiology – uses exercise as a model to determine alterations that take place with physiological related processes 3) Clinical Exercise Physiology – cardiopulmonary and/or special population groups that require specific lifestyle interventions Stress testing Cardiac rehab Nuclear cardiology Echocardiography Progression of exercise physiology o Whole muscle Biochemistry Molecular Acute responses to training involve how the body responds to one bout of exercise. Chronic physiological adaptations to training mark how the body responds over time to the stress of repeated exercise bouts. American College of Sports Medicine Founded in 1954 Certification Tracks: 1) Health Fitness Track: ACSM Certified Personal Trainer ACSM Certified Health Fitness Specialist 2) Clinical Track: Certified Clinical Exercise Specialist Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist 3) Specialty Certifications: Certified Cancer Exercise Trainer Certified Inclusive Fitness Trainer Physical Activity in Public Health Specialist Strength and Conditioning Coach Three areas of qualifications needed to become a Strength and Conditioning coach: 1) Education: Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree 2) Certification: Achieve and maintain a professional ® certification such as the CSCS 3) Experience: Gain experience in a strength and conditioning setting Guest speaker Ryan Braun o HSES advising Guest speaker Dr. Susan Wehring o Athletic Training National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) Notforprofit organization dedicated to improving the health and well being of athletes worldwide Committed to the advancement, encouragement and improvement of the athletic training profession. Founded in 1950 with a membership of 200 athletic trainers in Kansas City. Athletic Trainers (ATs) are health care professionals who collaborate with physicians. The services provided by ATs comprise prevention, emergency care, clinical diagnosis, therapeutic intervention and rehabilitation of injuries and medical conditions. Health care professional (1991) An integral member of the health care team Employment settings o High schools, colleges, universities, sports medicine clinics, professional sports, hospitals, industrial settings and military, academic and research. Athletic trainer deals with the athlete and injury from its inception until the athlete returns to full competition Qualities of an AT: o Stamina and the ability to adapt o Empathy o Sense of humor o Communication o Intellectual curiosity o Ethical practice 6 domains of athletic training: o Injury Prevention o Clinical evaluation and diagnosis o Immediate care o Treatment, rehabilitation and reconditioning o Organization and administration o Professional development and responsibility Becoming certified o Must Graduate from a CAATE accredited Athletic Training Program. Educational Competencies Accreditation Standards o Pass the Board of Certification (BOC) Examination o Apply and receive State Licensure. Sports medicine team Team Physician Athletic Trainer Athlete Coach Parents Running Brave Movie o 1950s Racial prejudice against Indians is high in Kansas o Billy Mills North American Indian Lives on a reservation in Kansas The coach from the University of Kansas, Bill Easton, doesn't want him because "Indians are quitters"; Billy wants to prove him wrong Falls in love with a white girl Battles adversity Won the gold medal in the 10,000 meter race at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo HSES Advising KU HSES undergraduate degree options o Athletic Training Certification program Six semesters of practicum o Exercise Science Also for PrePhysical Therapy, PrePhysician Assistant, and Pre Occupational Therapy o Community Health Includes 2729 credit hours of electives o Sport Management Includes a Business Minor o Health and Physical Education PreKindergarten 12th grade KU HSES sport science curriculum o KU CORE gives you what you need to think critically and creatively, which will be necessary as a health professional. o For the KU School of Education, the “degree specific” courses, the “major courses” and the “electives” are basically the same. We will give you prescribed courses that you need to fulfill in order to graduate. KU sport science internship policy o During the last semester, exercise science students must complete 12 hours of internship (30 hours a week for 16 weeks), and sport management students must complete 15 hours of internship (40 hours a week for 16 weeks). Internships must be completed at approved sites within a 50mile radius of Lawrence. Students who have a 3.0 or higher cumulative grade point average may petition to intern at an approved site beyond the 50 mile radius. All course work must be completed before the internship can be approved. A 2.75 cumulative gradepoint average is required to apply for the internship and to graduate. Physical Therapy Clinics Corporate Wellness Athletic Centers and Gyms Professional Sports Teams College Athletic Departments Ch. 10 – Opportunities and Challenges in Physical Education and Exercise Science?? Tips for setting goals o Specific – establish a definite goal that is important and write it down o Measurable – identify specific criteria that will verify progress in achieving the goal o Attainable – establish a challenging, yet realistic, path to achieving the goal o Rewarding – identify the reasons why this goal is important and visualize how it will feel when this goal is accomplished o Timely – “Ink what you think” Share with someone you trust Locomotor skills – body moves through space (changes spaces) o Ex. Running, jumping, walking, etc. Nonlocomotor skills – body movement without moving spaces o Ex. Running, etc. Manipulative skills – body activities involving the movement of objects o Ex. Throwing, etc. Nonmanipulative skills – body movements to stationary objects o Ex. stationary swing, balance beam, etc. Movement education compared with traditional physical education Traditional and nontraditional job opportunities for PE teachers Origins of movement education Characteristics of movement education Components of movement education Career opportunities in sport management Contributions to career burnout in teacher/coaches Managing burnout Popularity of pro sports Signs or symptoms of job burnout Changes in competitive sport Generalist vs. specialist Educational reform Legal Liability Factors Influencing Liability 1) Ignorance of the law 2) Ignoring the law 3) Failure to act (action or reaction) 4) Expense (the greater the damage, the greater the liability) 5) Failure to warn General Ideas to Avoid Liability 1) Always provide general supervision 2) Eliminate hazards – seen or told about 3) DO: regular inspections, provide maintenance, post signs 4) Warn individuals about potential risks – must know, understand, and appreciate risks ***Anybody can be sued for anything at anytime*** o May not win (frivolous) Negligence – the legal claim that a person failed to act as a reasonable and prudent person should, thereby resulting in injury to another person (most frequent claim) o 4 required elements: 1) Legal Duty Presence of a duty Examples: o Proper Instruction o Access to Medical Care o Proper Progressions o Safe Facilities o Appropriate Supervision o Teach safety procedures 2) Breach of Legal Duty A breach of the legal duty of care (failure to act as a reasonable and prudent person would under similar circumstances) Breach – failure to meet the standard of care What would the prudent, reasonable, uptodate teacher, coach, administrator, etc. have done? 3) Proximate Cause Proximate cause of the injury (the action or failure to act caused the subsequent injury) The breach must be the cause of the harm Did your failure to act affect the injury? 4) Substantial Nature of Harm Substantial nature of the injuries (the extent of the injuries) Physical harm must exist in order to find negligence o Solely psychological or emotional harm is generally not sufficient for a claim of negligence No harm, no foul ***Liability for negligence may exist even if you are not actively involved*** Avoiding negligence: o General supervision: action required whenever activity is occurring by those for whom the person is responsible o Specific supervision: mandated action required whenever a higher level of risk is associated with the activity of the persons for whom the adult is responsible o Actual notice: refers to the removal of known hazards by a responsible person o Constructive notice: Refers to hazards that a responsible person should have noticed and eliminated Legal defenses against negligence o Assumption of risk: Knowing, understanding, and appreciating the risk associated with a chosen activity o Contributory negligence: Behavior by the plaintiff that contributed to the injury o Comparative negligence: Apportions (divides) damages between a negligent plaintiff and a negligent defendant who each played a part in the injury Agreement to participate o A signed acknowledgement of a participant’s knowing, understanding, and appreciating the risks associated with an activity Note: This is not a waiver form. It is a safety concern… o If activities are not supervised properly (80% of all athletic injury cases) o If teachers or leaders have not made sure that directions are clear o If participants have not been taught how to control their movements or work with an awareness of others within the available space o If instruction is wellmeaning but unqualified o If students or participants are expected to perform skills they are not yet capable of doing o If equipment and apparatus are left unsecured, thus creating “attractive nuisances” Ch. 11 – Issues in Sports Threats to the integrity of sport o Specialization in one sport o Circumvention of the rules to gain competitive advantages o Pressures to win o Overcommercialization **cheating and drug abuse** Gender equity o The response to gender equality Exclusion of girls and women from sports o Historically excluded from competitive sports because they were considered to be Harmful physically Harmful emotionally Too aggressive (nonfeminine) o Gradual changing societal opinion o Persistence of sexual stereotypes Commercials Cheerleaders Title IX (1972) o Compliance areas Financial assistance (scholarships) must be available on a substantially proportional basis Program areas so that males and females receive equivalent treatment, benefits, and opportunities, such as equipment and supplies and practice and competitive facilities Interests and abilities of male and female students are equally effectively accommodated o Threeprong test Participation opportunities are substantially proportionate to the undergraduate enrollment. There must have been a continuing practice of program expansion in response to developing interests and abilities of the under represented sex. An institution must show that the interest and abilities of the members of the under represented sex have been fully and effectively accommodated. Minorities in sport o Blatant discrimination Excluded from professional leagues and most colleges and schools Quota system Stacking Academic exploitation Economic exploitation Limited opportunities for coaching and management positions Senior citizen fitness o Biases limiting prior opportunities o Living longer and quality of life issues o Increased political and economic influence o Masters competitions o 1987 – Senior Games Problems in youth sport programs o Pressure to win (at all costs) o Parental interference and pressure o Poorly trained coaches o Loss of values or ideals o Injury risks ignored o Only the skilled play—the others are eliminated o Restricted to one position o Recruitment of players o Not allowed to be children o Too young for highly organized, competitive games Issues in interscholastic athletics o Too much emphasis on winning o Yearround conditioning programs o Specialization in one sport o Athletes playing while hurt o Coaches’ jobs depending on winning o Drug use and abuse o Unsportsmanlike conduct (violence) o “No pass, no play” Issues in intercollegiate athletics o Academics Preferential admissions Missed classes Freshman eligibility Unearned grades Failure to graduate o Recruiting violations Transcript tampering Inducements Contacts o Pressures to win o Sports as businesses (commercialization) o Loss of educational and ethical values o Loss of institutional control o Media exposure and influence o Point shaving and gambling o Drug abuse and drug testing st Ch. 12 – Living actively in the 21 century Characteristics of a leader o Visionary o Creative o Risktaker o Global thinker o Effective communicator o Committed to excellence and high standards o Energetic o Selfconfident o Courageous o Has integrity Technology in PE and sport o Advanced technology will both reduce workrelated physical activity while making fitness activities more enjoyable o Technology is on the rise and it is apart of everything 21 century elementary and high school PE o Standards and assessment o Curricular emphasis on fitness o Infusion of technology to enhance learning o Changing demographics o Coaching certifications o Higher standards for teachers o More appropriate rewards st 21 century athletics o Increased emphasis on winning o Continued erosion of values o Increased commercialization o Drug use and abuse o Athletic performances aided by technology o Increased sports opportunities for females, individuals with disabilities, and senior citizens
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