Midterm 3 Studyguide
Midterm 3 Studyguide PSC 1003
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Laura Castro Lindarte
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Laura Castro Lindarte on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Bill Mikhail in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Politics in Public Relations at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 04/07/16
Date of Exam: April 11, 2016 Midterm 3 Study Guide: ● Three parts to the exammultiple choice question on outline, multiple choice questions on textbook pages, and an essay on Germany and Liechtenstein ● Outline Questions: ○ Other perspective other than East vs West ■ Focus on economy development and environment, NOT CONFLICT OR ALLIANCES ■ Can’t be ignored because rise of China and India, need to look at helping people ■ Focusing on fulfilling important needs of population in world ○ New nations appeared due to decolonization and influence of Cold War (capitalism vs communism) ■ New nations will either go with USA or USSR ○ Bretton Wood System: ew Hampshire, late 19461947 ■ Meeting took place to chart new international economic relations ■ Following Great Depression ■ Open markets created World Bank and IMF ■ World Bank: collect money from member and fund development ■ IMF: International Monetary Fund, credit card of the world ■ Gold Standard: USA and UK will be standard of world, May 1971got stopped because USA couldn’t afford buying gold and UK didn’t want to do it ■ Still reforming Bretton Woodmore transparency, getting China to contribute ○ Criticism: ■ Conservative: a. Support socialism type of society NOT natural law of supply and demand b. Support social worker and birth control c. Lots of corruption in World Bank no taxes d. Telling country to raise taxes is not good ■ Liberal: a. Corruption, overspending b. Could have done better project with less money c. With IMF not good to cut subsidy d. IMF telling to cut welfare will hurt poor ■ IMF only to fix deficit in budget ■ LONG projects with “experts” ○ Sterling Zone, Franc Zone and Deutsche Mark: ■ Asia and Africa had weak currency so could uurrency of other nations ○ Walt Rostow’s “Stages of Economic Growth”: ■ Describe how a poor nation could develop ■ Nations could try many things but in the end it will find one that truly works ■ One economic sector will lead to growth ○ Dependency School: ■ Argued that USA increased while Latin America decreased ■ Also applied to Africa and Europe ■ Problem is how to raise capital ■ Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil ○ Concept of 3rd World: ■ Came from Cold War USA side=1st world, USSR side=2nd world, everything else= 3rd world ■ Inaccurate because some nations developed but NOT PART OF NATO so considered 3rd world ■ 4th world: VERY POOR 3rd world ■ SouthSouth Dialoguidea of 3rd world helping 3rd world ● No longer depending on first world ○ Basic Need Approachbasic needs are too expensive ■ You lower money of basic needs so you can develop better ■ Seen in U.N. report by Willy Brandt on why nations are poor ■ Said that poor nations needed to foasic needso rise the way Europe did after WWI ■ Education, housing, healthcare ○ Contribution by private slots of money to fight HIV ■ Examples are Bill Gates Foundation and Ford Foundation ■ Smaller nonprofit groups helped with development ■ Example of private sector helping nattory of the Filipino Home Workers lots of Filipino women get trained to work in household ○ International development is tool of foreign policy ■ Wealthy nations will help poor nations but only when they get something back that will help them ○ Many countries’ traditional economies depended on the singer sewing machine, Burda magazine, the car Fiat, and Monopoly ndustries structured around few simple products his hahangedEW LUXURIES ■ These tools helped with country’s development ○ American way of foreign SA doesn’t give money to country intOCUS ON INFRASTRUCTURE because goes with investment mentality ■ Does give military money aid but prefers infrastructure ○ Tailored aithere are nations that are not super wealthy but want to help others ■ Very controlled and tailoredFOCUSED AND LIMITED ■ Most successful ■ Example is Israel helping in Africa, Taiwan helping as well ○ Oil Arab Countries’ Experiewanted to help nations with large muslim population and help Islamic community abroad ■ BCCI started from India study in British or Canadian schools or giving experts to help build things ■ Germany brought workers and gave money to schools after they could liberated they begun to give aid to Nazi victims ■ Example is Noriega using aid money to help in drug trafficking ○ Europe: as ties with many poor areas of world ■ Example Britain getting students from India study in Britain or Canadian schools or giving experts to help build things ■ Germany brought workers and gave money to schools after they could liberate they began to give aid to Nazu victims ○ Communists: excelled at idea of industrializing countries because created strong working class that would lead revolution ■ Would help government build factories to give people jobs ■ China was later comer to aid giving because very poor ■ Very selective helping build conference room in Sudan and Egypt ■ VERY SPECIFIC TOPICS ○ National Security > development so money given used to keep nation safe instead of developing invest in war not development ○ Less money going into HIV because seen as less fatal so focus on other things like malnutrition, regionalism neighbors helping neighbors and working together in certain projects, foreign aid privatization ■ Aid was given for very basic efforts like building toilets ○ When country develop will it continue to be oppresome people think that even if not democratic countries can have room for civil society on other activities that aren’t democratic ○ Environmental concernsshow impact of ideologies in international politics ■ Will not only believe but act NEW TOPIC IN IR ■ “Think globally, act locally” ■ Before Civil Engineers would look at impact of environment ○ Tell us about state behaviofight over environment, how states will react ■ Nature of state’s responsibiill state arrest advocates or will they listen and react to what they say ○ Role of science in growing immensely reason we call our age the “nuclear age” due to scientific discovery ■ Science impact life of individuals and states ○ Proliferation of International restart categorizing different elements of discussion that deal with environment ■ Start specializing and continue to do so ■ Regime because it is a regular set of interaction, know the why, how and what ○ Role of countriecould see IR as rivalry between USA and China ■ Ask who is responsible for environmental damaSA or China ■ 1990 Kyoto ProtocoJapan, discussion was arget emission of Carbon Dioxide some industrial sectors are more responsible (found more in west) ● But China has to be looked at as well protest by American conservative (India should be looked ashy not asking them to cut emissions? ● Cute emissions by ¼ by 2025 ■ Who is more responsible rich nations orpich nations can be blamed but so can poor natioUGE DEBATE ○ Role of private sector: ■ Nonprofit, many ideashow private sector can help with environmental protection ■ Can help come up with ideas ○ Demographics not destinienvironment can regenerate itsnothing is set in stone ■ Trends in demographics (more people, less people) can change or be changed ■ Putin may be trying to increase population by fighting alcoholism ○ Environment and populations more population good/bad for environment, is less population good/bad for environmnEBATE ○ Historical cycles show that humans pulled to think a certain way ■ All concepts will be discussed under a certain paradigm in IR (topic/trenenvironment is a paradigm right now ■ WWI → Treaty of Versailles → Fascism → WWII → Cold War → 3rd World → Terrorism ● Textbook Questions: ○ 304 cartels, fair trade certified coffee, chocolate gencies (NGOs) step in to see if supply and demand is doneroducers have monopoly: organized ○ 305 agriculture farmers influential in USA, Europe and WTO so get subsidies; textiles: quotas (China vs USA), privacy of creative rights ○ 376 information is an instrument of governmental power, terrorism ○ 378 government try to limit flow of information of opposition, google vs China, methods of censorship ○ 379 international pressure on government sovereignty and transparency, information flow, increase transparency ○ 392 greenhouse effect, collective goods dilemma, percentage of China and USA ○ 393 Kyoto Protocol Europe and USA to cut greenhouse ○ 407 resolve of steel dispute, what policies to protect steel industry, trade (answer) or monopoly or financial ○ 409 population projection hard beyond certain level, national trade connected to security ○ 425 Millennium development goals goals in development by 2000 ■ Made a fourth world ■ What does it seem that the USA is the exception? ■ Usually not given jobs beyond what is in the script that I was actually real ○ 427Conflict makes development hard for countries ○ 473import substitution: essential to world economy ■ Instead of buying fiat, manufacture it in your own country that way you end up with a strong industrial clas ■ Not effective because getting the license is very hard ○ 479chart in the bottom of the page that compares 3 statistics that are significant don’t need to memorize numbers just know how they compare to each other ■ Chart looking at foreign debt in Latin America, Africa, Middle East and Asia ■ Ex: who has the highest percentage of debt? Who has the highest percentage out of their export revenue? ■ Shows that focus is no longer west vs east but north vs south ○ 481IMF conditions: what are choices available to poor nations if they want to join? Are textiles excluded from this? (yes) ■ Looks at what household needs like cars (fiat) so country gets license agreement from car manufacturers ● Article on Germany and Liechtenstein ○ Don’t need to write out the full name of the countries, INSTEAD USE L AND G ○ Answer should be a good summary followed by analysis ○ Chancellor of G saying no to agreement L is doing to open border because germans are putting money in L to avoid taxes ○ Officers went into offices of funds and stole list of people who give money ○ Analysis of article: ■ Sovereignty G and L both have equal representation even though L is smaller ■ Game of international politics is run by the elites only top officials involved ■ National interest G wants money back ■ Cultural thing L speak German, near G so people go to L for vacation and decide to stop by a bank to deposit money (it is a HABIT) ■ Rise of new constituents L not known before but now it is a player in IR ■ Apply every trick to pursue goals G got spies to get information ■ Two sides were decent, G used European law and L wanted to open borders ● Lack of military use (G didn’t attack) shows that there is a change in the way german power is exercised (using pan European laws)
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