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Midterm 3 Studyguide

by: Laura Castro Lindarte

Midterm 3 Studyguide PSC 1003

Laura Castro Lindarte

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Exam will be on April 11. It will consist of three parts. First is multiple choice questions based on the points in the outlines, second will be multiple choice questions based on textbook readings...
Intro to International Politics
Bill Mikhail
Study Guide
International politics
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Laura Castro Lindarte on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Bill Mikhail in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Politics in Public Relations at George Washington University.


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Date Created: 04/07/16
Date of Exam: April 11, 2016  Midterm 3 Study Guide:   ● Three parts to the exammultiple choice question on outline, multiple choice questions  on textbook pages, and an essay on Germany and Liechtenstein  ● Outline Questions:   ○ Other perspective other than East vs West  ■ Focus on economy development and environment, NOT CONFLICT OR  ALLIANCES   ■ Can’t be ignored because rise of China and India, need to look at helping  people   ■ Focusing on fulfilling important needs of population in world   ○ New nations appeared due to decolonization and influence of Cold War  (capitalism vs communism)   ■ New nations will either go with USA or USSR   ○ Bretton Wood System: ​ew Hampshire, late 1946­1947  ■ Meeting took place to chart new international economic relations   ■ Following Great Depression   ■ Open markets­ created World Bank and IMF   ■ World Bank: collect money from member and fund development  ■ IMF: International Monetary Fund, credit card of the world   ■ Gold Standard: USA and UK will be standard of world, May 1971­got  stopped because USA couldn’t afford buying gold and UK didn’t want to  do it  ■ Still reforming Bretton Woodmore transparency, getting China to  contribute   ○ Criticism:   ■ Conservative:   a. Support socialism­ type of society NOT natural law of supply and  demand   b. Support social worker and birth control  c. Lots of corruption in World Bank­ no taxes   d. Telling country to raise taxes is not good   ■ Liberal:   a. Corruption, overspending   b. Could have done better project with less money   c. With IMF not good to cut subsidy   d. IMF telling to cut welfare will hurt poor  ■ IMF only to fix deficit in budget   ■ LONG projects with “experts”   ○ Sterling Zone, Franc Zone and Deutsche Mark:  ■ Asia and Africa had weak currency so could u​urrency of other nations  ○ Walt Rostow’s “Stages of Economic Growth”:   ■ Describe how a poor nation could develop   ■ Nations could try many things but in the end it will find one that truly works   ■ One economic sector will lead to growth  ○ Dependency School:   ■ Argued that USA increased while Latin America decreased  ■ Also applied to Africa and Europe  ■ Problem is how to raise capital   ■ Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil  ○ Concept of 3rd World:   ■ Came from Cold War­ USA side=1st world, USSR side=2nd world,  everything else= 3rd world  ■ Inaccurate because some nations developed but NOT PART OF NATO  so considered 3rd world   ■ 4th world: VERY POOR 3rd world   ■ South­South Dialoguidea of 3rd world helping 3rd world   ● No longer depending on first world    ○ Basic Need Approachbasic needs are too expensive   ■ You lower money of basic needs so you can develop better   ■ Seen in U.N. report by Willy Brandt on why nations are poor  ■ Said that poor nations needed to fo​asic needso rise the way  Europe did after WWI  ■ Education, housing, healthcare    ○ Contribution by private slots of money to fight HIV  ■ Examples are Bill Gates Foundation and Ford Foundation   ■ Smaller non­profit groups helped with development   ■ Example of private sector helping nat​tory of the Filipino Home  Workers­ lots of Filipino women get trained to work in household   ○ International development is tool of foreign policy  ■ Wealthy nations will help poor nations but only when they get something  back that will help them   ○ Many countries’ traditional economies depended on t​he singer sewing  machine, Burda magazine, the car Fiat, and Monopoly ndustries  structured around few simple products ​his ha​hanged­​EW LUXURIES   ■ These tools helped with country’s development   ○ American way of foreign ​SA doesn’t give money to country in​tOCUS  ON INFRASTRUCTURE because goes with investment mentality   ■ Does give military money aid but prefers infrastructure  ○ Tailored aithere are nations that are not super wealthy but want to help others   ■ Very controlled and tailored­FOCUSED AND LIMITED   ■ Most successful   ■ Example is Israel helping in Africa, Taiwan helping as well   ○ Oil Arab Countries’ Experiewanted to help nations with large muslim  population and help Islamic community abroad   ■ BCCI started from India study in British or Canadian schools or giving  experts to help build things   ■ Germany brought workers and gave money to schools­ after they could  liberated they begun to give aid to Nazi victims   ■ Example is Noriega using aid money to help in drug trafficking   ○ Europe: ​as ties with many poor areas of world  ■ Example Britain getting students from India study in Britain or Canadian  schools or giving experts to help build things   ■ Germany brought workers and gave money to schools­ after they could  liberate they began to give aid to Nazu victims    ○ Communists: excelled at idea of industrializing countries because created strong  working class that would lead revolution   ■ Would help government build factories to give people jobs  ■ China was later comer to aid giving because very poor  ■ Very selective helping build conference room in Sudan and Egypt   ■ VERY SPECIFIC TOPICS   ○ National Security > development so money given used to keep nation safe  instead of developing­ invest in war not development  ○ Less money going into HIV because seen as less fatal so focus on other things  like malnutrition, regionalism­ neighbors helping neighbors and working together  in certain projects, foreign aid privatization   ■ Aid was given for very basic efforts like building toilets   ○ When country develop will it continue to be oppres​ome people think that  even if not democratic countries can have room for civil society on other activities  that aren’t democratic   ○ Environmental concernsshow impact of ideologies in international politics   ■ Will not only believe but act­ NEW TOPIC IN IR  ■ “Think globally, act locally”   ■ Before Civil Engineers would look at impact of environment  ○ Tell us about state behaviofight over environment, how states will react   ■ Nature of state’s responsibi​ill state arrest advocates or will they  listen and react to what they say   ○ Role of science in  growing immensely­ reason we call our age the “nuclear  age” due to scientific discovery  ■ Science impact life of individuals and states   ○ Proliferation of International restart categorizing different elements of  discussion that deal with environment   ■ Start specializing and continue to do so   ■ Regime because it is a regular set of interaction, know the why, how and  what  ○ Role of countriecould see IR as rivalry between USA and China   ■ Ask who is responsible for environmental dama​SA or China   ■ 1990­ Kyoto ProtocoJapan, discussion was arget emission of Carbon  Dioxide­ some industrial sectors are more responsible (found more in  west)  ● But China has to be looked at as well­ protest by American  conservative (India should be looked as​hy not asking them  to cut emissions?  ● Cute emissions by ¼ by 2025   ■ Who is more responsible rich nations or​pich nations can be  blamed but so can poor natio​UGE DEBATE   ○ Role of private sector:   ■ Non­profit, many ideashow private sector can help with environmental  protection   ■ Can help come up with ideas  ○ Demographics not destinie​nvironment can regenerate itsnothing is set in  stone  ■ Trends in demographics (more people, less people) can change or be  changed   ■ Putin may be trying to increase population by fighting alcoholism   ○ Environment and populations more population good/bad for environment, is  less population good/bad for environm​nEBATE   ○ Historical cycles show that humans pulled to think a certain way  ■ All concepts will be discussed under a certain paradigm in IR  (topic/trenenvironment is a paradigm right now    ■ WWI → Treaty of Versailles → Fascism → WWII → Cold War → 3rd  World → Terrorism    ● Textbook Questions:   ○ 304­ cartels, fair trade certified coffee, chocolate ​gencies (NGOs)  step in to see if supply and demand is done​roducers have monopoly:  organized   ○ 305­ agriculture­ farmers influential in USA, Europe and WTO  so get subsidies;  textiles: quotas (China vs USA),  privacy of creative rights   ○ 376­ information is an instrument of governmental power, terrorism    ○ 378­ government try to limit flow of information of opposition, google vs China,  methods of censorship  ○ 379­ international pressure on government sovereignty and transparency,  information flow, increase transparency  ○ 392­ greenhouse effect, collective goods dilemma, percentage of China and USA  ○ 393­ Kyoto Protocol­ Europe and USA to cut greenhouse    ○ 407­ resolve of steel dispute, what policies to protect steel industry, trade  (answer) or monopoly or financial   ○ 409­ population projection hard beyond certain level, national trade connected to  security   ○ 425­ Millennium development goals­ goals in development by 2000  ■ Made a fourth world  ■ What does it seem that the USA is the exception?   ■ Usually not given jobs beyond what is in the script that I was actually real   ○ 427­​Conflict makes development hard for countries  ○ 473­import substitution: essential to world economy   ■ Instead of buying fiat, manufacture it in your own country that way you  end up with a strong industrial clas  ■ Not effective because getting the license is very hard   ○ 479­chart in the bottom of the page that compares 3 statistics that are  significant­ don’t need to memorize numbers just know how they compare to  each other   ■ Chart looking at foreign debt in Latin America, Africa, Middle East and  Asia   ■ Ex: who has the highest percentage of debt? Who has the highest  percentage out of their export revenue?   ■ Shows that focus is no longer west vs east but north vs south   ○ 481­IMF conditions: what are choices available to poor nations if they want to  join? Are textiles excluded from this? (yes)   ■ Looks at what household needs like cars (fiat) so country gets license  agreement from car manufacturers   ● Article on Germany and Liechtenstein  ○ Don’t need to write out the full name of the countries, INSTEAD USE L AND G   ○ Answer should be a good summary followed by analysis   ○ Chancellor of G saying no to agreement L is doing to open border because  germans are putting money in L to avoid taxes   ○ Officers went into offices of funds and stole list of people who give money   ○ Analysis of article:   ■ Sovereignty­ G and L both have equal representation even though L is  smaller   ■ Game of international politics is run by the elites­ only top officials  involved   ■ National interest­ G wants money back   ■ Cultural thing­ L speak German, near G so people go to L for vacation  and decide to stop by a bank to deposit money (it is a HABIT)   ■ Rise of new constituents­ L not known before but now it is a player in IR   ■ Apply every trick to pursue goals­ G got spies to get information   ■ Two sides were decent, G used European law and L wanted to open  borders   ● Lack of military use (G didn’t attack) shows that there is a change  in the way german power is exercised (using pan European laws)        


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