Test 3 Study guide abnormal psychology
Test 3 Study guide abnormal psychology PSY 352
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Psych 100-01 - Introduction to Psychology
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This 15 page Study Guide was uploaded by Puck Reeders on Tuesday February 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 352 at Geneeskunde Universiteit Utrecht taught by Foote in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 472 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Geneeskunde Universiteit Utrecht.
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Date Created: 02/03/15
PSY 352C Abnormal Psychology Third Test Studv Guide The third test will have roughly 60 multiplechoice questions Most questions will have 4 choices but a few will have 5 choices For many of the questions you will have to apply or think about the research and theory presented Most of the material was presented in both the textbook and in class but some was presented only in the textbook and some only in the lectures All your answers will be bubbled in on scantron answer sheets so be sure to bring a 2 pencil The following topics may be covered on the test Anything not on this list will not be on the test Substance and Impulse Disorders 1 Understand the meaning differences and relationship among substance intoxication use tolerance and withdrawal a Substance intoxication reversible substance specific syndrome of problematic psychobehavioral change shortly after use physiological reaction b Substance use ingestion of psychoactive substances that does not significantly interfere with social educational or occupational functioning c Tolerance reaction to a drug is progressively reduced more is needed to create the desired effect d Withdrawal substance specific behavioral cognitive or physiological changes after ending heavy use causing significant distress or impairment 2 Understand negative reinforcement and drug use a Reduce anxiety escape from unpleasantness tension reduction b Persist drug use to alleviate negative withdrawal symptoms don39t stop use because they don39t want to experienced withdrawal symptoms 3 What effects and neurotransmitters are involved with alcohol a GABA agonist to neuron firing b Glutamate antagonist blocks learning and memory c Serotonin everything 4 What are the effects of using cocaine Stimulant a Intoxication euphoria feelings of power and confidence affective blunting anxiety tension anger confusion paranoia nausea etc Chronic hallucinations of all types Dependence highly addictive but develops slowly Withdrawal apathy boredom Anhedonia sometimes angeranxietydepression Cyclical pattern f Blocks reuptake of dopamine 5 What are the effects of using marijuana Hallucinogen a Variable individual intoxication effects i Euphoria relaxation sensory experience altered space and time 9906 10 11 12 13 14 15 ii Everything is funny or increases whatever mood you re already experiencing iii Intellectual impairment poor short term memory disrupts attention b May have reverse tolerance c Uncommon withdrawal and dependence What are the effects of using anabolic steroids a No associated high used to increase body mass b Cycling pattern of taking them on and off for periods that will make you grow larger with no side effects c Stacking using different steroids at the same time d Can lead to long term mood disturbances and physical problems What is the most commonly used and most commonly addicted substance in the United States a Most frequently used illegal drug stimulants caffeine nicotine amphetamine and cocaine i Specific drug marijuana b Most addicted caffeine Which two substances are most likely to lead to dependence a Nicotine and methamphetamine How likely is it for a person to become dependent on marijuana a Uncommon What is the typical rate of development of cocaine dependency a Slowly developed strong addiction i First growing inability to resist taking more ii Later sleep disruption paranoia and social isolation What is fetal alcohol syndrome a Growth retardation mental retardation facial abnormalities correlated to drinking while pregnant What is the initial effect of drinking alcohol a Reduces inhibition GABA neurons have difficulty firing What is binge drinking Nationally what percent of college students binge drink a gt5 drinks for men gt4 for women b 43 of college students binge drink According to DeWitt 2000 p 400 in text what is the effect of drinking at age 11 to 14 a Predictive of later alcohol use disorders What factors determine whether drinking alcohol might lead to aggression a Diathesisstress model genetically related b Alcohol does not cause aggression but it may increase a person s likelihood of engaging in impulsive acts i Interrelated factors 1 Quantity and timing of alcohol consumed 2 The person s history of violence 3 Expectations about drinking 4 What happens to the individual while intoxicated 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 What differentiates people who use alcohol from those who become dependent on alcohol a Dependent strong desire extreme behavior hallucinating after being drunk physiological effects from withdrawal b Users can drink without these qualities How do expectancies about alcohol affect its apparent effects a Expectation effect i I d drinking so no one expects me to be in control of my actions ii A person expects to the alcohol to have that effect on them so they act that way anyway Differentiate understand and know the efficacy of different treatments for alcohol dependence a Aversive treatment make use of alcohol extremely unpleasant i Antabuse disfulfiram ii Medications to cope with withdrawal symptoms SSRIs iii Limited efficacy better when used with psychosocial treatment b Inpatient Facilities rehab helps most with withdrawal c Alcoholics anonymous outpatient 12 step process same efficacy as inpatient Understand what the agonist treatment for drug abuse is and how methadone and the nicotine gum and patch are examples of this approach a Agonist treatment use a similar safer drug with the same effect i Methadone is used with heroine because it is less addictive and you do not get the high as much ii Nicotine gum or patch b Antagonist treatment block or counteract pleasurable effects Understand the community reinforcement approach to drug abuse treatment a Involvement of collateral ex spouse b Behavioral analysis of social contingenciesbehavioral therapy c Social service assistance d New recreational activities What drug prevention strategies are most likely to be successful a Cultural change along with laws and community based intervention What does your textbook say about controlled drinking versus abstinence as a treatment goal a Controlled drinking moderation was 85 effective where abstinence was only 42 effective b Not a clear cure because there were significant differences between the groups Generally what do people with impulse disorders feel immediately before carrying out the act a Increasing tension leading up to the act and sometimes pleasurable anticipation of acting on the impulse Be able to recognize each of the impulse control disorders from a definition or description a Disruptive impulsecontrol and conduct disorders behavioral and emotional dysregulation involving the violation of rights of others or con ict with norms or authorities Linked to disinhibition and somewhat to negative affectivity i Oppositional defiant disorde angryirritable mood argumentative defies rules and authorities deliberately annoys others blames others and is spitefulvindictive 1 Associated with emotion reactivity poor frustration tolerance and harsh or inconsistent discipline as a child ii Conduct disorder cruel bullying or aggressive behavior steals destroys property runs away or is truant and similar behavior Violation of the rights of others and of normsrules 1 Specify if with limited prosocial emotions lack of remorse guilt and empathy unconcerned about problem shallow emotions iii Intermittent explosive disorder unpremeditated verbal and physical aggressive outbursts occasionally involving damage or destruction that are very out of proportion to any provocation iv Pyromania following tensionarousal deliberately sets fires and is gratified while doing so Fascinated with fire and associated phenomena v Kleptomania following tensionarousal unable to resist stealing unneeded things Relieves gratified while stealing vi Pathological gamblingaddictive gambling Personality Disorders 1 Know and be able to distinguish the three clusters of personality disorders a Cluster A eccentricodd b Cluster B dramaticerratic c Cluster C anxiousfearful 2 Know and be able to distinguish the ten personality disorders a Cluster A eccentricodd i Paranoid pervasive suspiciousness unwarranted distrust of friends hidden meanings seen in others innocuous actions easily angered and carried grudges 1 People are out to get you 9 no meaningful relationships 2 World is dangerous 3 Possible relation to schizophrenia 4 Role of early experience trauma abuse learning ii Schizoid does not seek or enjoy close relationships few if any pleasures indifference to praise and criticism at affect 1 No thought disorder general indifference 2 Possibly related to abuseneglect childhood shyness autism low dopamine don39t get much pleasure but not depressed 3 iii Schizotypal peculiar or magical thinking and perceptions peculiar speech affect behavior or appearance suspicious or anxious about others poor social skills 1 Don39t have friends but want friends not good at it 2 Perhaps precursor to schizophrenia 3 Some cognitive impairments learning and memory problems b Cluster B dramaticerratic i Histrionic strong need to be center of attention exaggerates theatrical emotional expression passionate opinions lack detail highly suggestible seductive sees relationships as more intimate than they are ii Borderline frantic efforts to avoid abandonment unstable intense relationships splitting unstable sense of self accompanied by chronic sense of emptiness and emotional liability impulsive reckless behavior harms self angry paranoid and dissociative 1 Look for cues that someone is about ot abandon you form of defense so they have good offense they attack first 2 Biological and psychological vulnerability specific experiences iii Narcissistic grandiose view of self extreme need for admiration strong sense of entitlement arrogant exploitive but envious iv Antisocial disregards the rights of others repeated lawbreaking with lack of remorse deceitful impulsive irritable aggressive irresponsible disregards safety of self and others 1 Researchers view psychopathy as better alternative 2 Social predators 3 Usually highly intelligent and manipulative pathological lying a Psychopaths will not get better but will make you think they are 4 Antisocial more criminal based c Cluster C i Avoidant avoids intimacy and all interpersonal contact due to fear of criticism ridicule or rejection feelings of inadequacy and inferiority avoids new things due to fear of embarrassment 1 Similar to schizophrenia ii Dependent difficulty making decisions and doing things on own wants others to take responsibility feels helpless when alone urgently seeks another relationship when one ends does unpleasant things for approval and support from others iii Obsessivecompulsive extreme perfectionism to the extent that things are not finished preoccupied with rules in exible and about morals reluctant to delegate miserly rigid and stubborn NOT RELATED TO OCD 1 Fixation on doing things the right way 2 Obsessions and compulsions are rare What general problems exist with the current categorical system of personality disorders and what advantages might there be for a dimensional approach a Categorical less exible sometimes arbitrary i Kind put people in rigid categories b Dimensional retain for information avoid arbitrary consistent with research i Degree differences between people and disorders 4 What is the FFM or Big 5 theory of personality What are its dimensions a These are dimensions not categories everyone falls somewhere on a spectrum i Openness to experience curious receptive to new ideal emotionally expressive ii Conscientiousness organized reliable committed to goals iii Extraversion social optimistic cheerful iv Agreeableness cooperative compassionate warm v Neuroticism emotionality prone to psychological distress impulsivity mood 5 What is the relationship between antisocial personality disorder and psychopathy How are they the same and how are they different a Psychopathy has same traits as antisocial more manipulative and insightful to people s weaknesses but less criminal and aggressive acts 6 If a person under 18 is showing signs of antisocial personality disorder what diagnosis is he or she most likely to receive a Conduct disorder 7 Know the underarousal fearlessness BISreward and interactiveintegrative theories for antisocial personality disorder a Causes of antisocial personality i Underarousal body seeks out external stimulation to reach certain level of arousal ii Fearlessness nothing makes them anxious don39t respond to danger cues as normal people iii Gray s model of brain functioning 1 BIS Behavioral inhibition system is low in psychopaths 2 REW reward system is high in psychopaths 3 FF fight or ight is not affected in psychopaths iv Interactive Integrative Model 1 Genetic vulnerability 9differences in neurotransmitters poor family aspects 9 thrillseeking impulsivity aggressiveness manipulation 9 attract negative social environment 9 aggressivemanipulative 9 psychopathy 2 All works together and build up to psychopathy 8 Know which words a person with borderline personality disorder is more likely to remember compared with other people a More likely to remember words that are associated with the disorder even though they were told to forget them i Abandon suicidal and emptiness b Remembered cheerful words equally as well as normal people 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Recognize and understand Linehan s DiathesisStress model of borderline personality disorder a Biological vulnerability to emotional dysregulation 9 Emotional dysregulation in the child 9 Great demands on the family 9 Parental invalidation I need to pee no you don39t via punishing or ignoring reasonable demands 9 e Child has emotional outburst that is attended to by the parent Understand Barlow amp Durand s possible integration of the causes of borderline personality disorder a Biological vulnerability psychological vulnerability specific experiences such as abuse or other trauma 9 borderline personality disorder Which treatment for borderline personality disorder seems to be effective a Linehan s Dialectal behavior therapy What s up with antisocial and histrionic personality disorders a Links with antisocial personality 23 of people with histrionic met criteria for antisocial personality disorder as well b Sextyped alternative expression i Females with underlying conditions show histrionic patterns ii Males show antisocial What problem do therapists treating people with dependent personality disorder face a Caution that the patient will become dependent on therapist Why do people with narcissistic personality disorder become depressed a They often fail to live up to their own expectations 9 depressed b Vulnerable to severe depressive episodes How are avoidant and schizoid personality disorders distinguished a Schizoid are indifferent avoidant are sensitive and anxious to criticism opinions and rejection How are avoidant and dependent personality disorders similar a Fear of abandonmentrejectioncriticism Which personality disorder most resembles social phobia a Avoidant What are the differences between obsessivecompulsive personality disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder a They are not related obsessions and compulsions are rare b OC personality are perfectionists and must do things the right way Be able to recognize and distinguish the four elements of personality functioning according to the alternative DSM 5 model a Identity able to regulate emotions and have stable and accurate sense of self b Selfdirection coherent and meaningful like goals standards and self re ection c Empathy understands and appreciates others d Intimacy deep and enduring connection with others capacity and desire for closeness b c d 20 Be able to recognize and distinguish the five domains of pathological personality traits according to the alternative DSM 5 model a Opposites of 5 factor model OCEAN in psychopathy i Negative affectivity experiencing negative emotions frequently and intensely ii Detachment withdrawal from other people and emotional experience iii Antagonism put self at odds with other people ex callousness grandiosity iv Disinhibition impulsiveimmediate gratification without regard to consequences v Psychoticism wide range of culturally weird behavior and cognition Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders 1 How consistent around the world are quotnormalquot sexual practices 3 Based on culture generation and individual b If it feels reasonable and enjoyable to all directly involved it is normal 2 In sexually permissive Sweden how does the percent of women who use contraception the first time they have coitus compare with women in the USA a 737 of Swedish women use contraception their first time while only 567 of women in the US b Shocking because of more permissive sexual attitudes in Sweden 3 Compare and contrast transsexual and gender dysphoria disorder a Gender dysphoria person feels trapped in the body of the wrong gender and strongly wants to assume the identity of the other gender and is distressed by it b Transsexual same desire but are not distressed by it 4 What is currently the standard treatment for gender dysphoria disorder a Psychosocial treatment attempts to increase adaptation make them cope i Usually doesn39t work b To get gender change accepted must live 12 years in opposite sex role 5 Given a brief description be able to say what type of sexual disorders or paraphilias the person has Or given a disorder or paraphilia be able to say what signs symptoms and qualifiers are important a Sexual dysfunctions disturbance in a person s ability to respond sexually or to experience sexual pleasure that causes significant distress for more than 6 months i Female sexual interestarousal disorder woman with no or low interest in sex unreceptive to sex no ot low sexual arousal or genital response ii GenitoDelvic painpenetration disorder difficult vaginal penetration fearful of or actual vulvovaginal or pelvic pain during coitus or attempted coitus or strong tensing of vaginal oor muscle during attempted coitus iii Female orgasmic disorder very delayed rare or absent orgasm or much less intense orgasm in a woman iv Male hVDoactive sexual desire disorder few or no sexual thoughts or feelings of sexual desire in men vi vii Erectile disorder difficulty in obtaining or maintaining a rigid erection for more than 75 of sexual activity Premature earlv eiaculation man ejaculates within one minute of beginning coitus and before he wants to over 75 of occasions Delaved eiaculation very delayed or no ejaculation for more than 75 of partnered sexual activity b Paraphilic Disorders urges for unusual sexually related behaviors that are noxious to society cause potential harm or are criminal Involve distorted targets or courtship or pain All must occur for more than 6 months Must act on these urges or experience great distressimpairment from them 1 ii iii iv vi vii viii Transvestic disorder sexual arousal from crossdressing Voveuristic disorder sexual arousal from watched unexpected naked or disrobing person or unsuspecting person having sex Exhibitionist disorder sexual arousal from genital exposure to un unsuspecting person Frotteuristic disorder sexual arousal from touching or rubbing against a non consenting person Fetishistic disorder sexual arousal from nonliving objects or extreme focus on non genital body parts Pedophilic disorder sexual activity with a prepubescent child Sexual masochism disorder sexual arousal from being humiliates hurt or bound Sexual sadism disorder sexual arousal from in icting pain on another person Which sexual disorder is most common in younger men Which in older men a Younger men premature ejaculation b Older men erectile disorder How common is comorbidity among sexual disorders a If you have one it is likely you can develop another Know and fully comprehend the causes of the sexual disorders or paraphilias as they are currently understood For example masturbation myths spectatoring etc 3 Causes of sexual dysfunctions generally interaction of many factors 1 ii iii iv V Negative scripts thinking of things you shouldn39t be Erotophobia shameanxiety about being sexual Negative or traumatic experiences Poor interpersonal relationships Lack of communication b Paraphillias i ii Often comorbid with anxiety mood and substance abuse disorders Inappropriate sexual associations 9 inadequate development of arousal patterns and social skills 9 inappropriate fantasies 9 weak behavior inhibitionhigh sex drive 9 paraphilia 10 9 Know the basic strategies and techniques for successfully treating each of the sexual disorders and paraphilias For example masturbation orgasmic reconditioning sensate focus squeeze technique etc a Psychotherapeutic strategies for sexual disorders i Give accurate information ii Guided exercises 1 Body exploration 2 Masturbation 3 Sensate focus to increase communication and intimacy full exploration of partner s body iii CBT alter maladaptive thoughts address nonsexual disorders iv Couple counseling for communication and con ict resolution b Medical treatment of sexual dysfunction c Paraphilias psychosocial interventions i Target behavioral and inappropriate sexual associations ii Orgasmic reconditioning switch thoughts right before orgasm iii Covert sensitization build an aversion toward stimuli which previously served as a form of attraction iv Therapy and coping 10 Roughly what percent of men with erectile dysfunction who take Viagra are able to maintain an erection sufficient for coitus Why is Viagra a popular treatment choice a 61 b Because it works and doesn39t require any great effort 11 What is erotophobia What is an important consequence of having it a Erotophobia shameanxiety about being sexual b Consequence can t even talk about it 9 bad communication leads to no contraception STDs 12 About how common is it for one person to have both a masochistic and a sadistic fetish a Common 13 Know about aggression and empathy in rapists a Rapists do not have empathy seen as being interested in control and power or wanting revenge 14 How much physical force do adults who molest children typically use a Most child molesters are not physically abusive 15 How successful are treatment procedures for paraphilias a 7098 improve b Poorest outcomes rapistscomorbid paraphilias i Chronic coursehigh relapse rates c Prevention efforts CBT intervention 1 Medications don39t always work because habits are so strong i Can greatly reduce desire fantasy arousal but high relapse when discontinued 11 Developmental Disorders 1 Understand the concept and implications of sequential skill development a Any disruption in the development of early skills will by the sequential process disrupt the development of later skills 2 Recognize and distinguish symptoms and difficulties for people with ADHD learning disabilities autistic spectrum disorder and intellectual disability a AttentionDeficitHyperactivity Disorder ADHD i Inattentive hyperactive and impulsive ii Impairments in behavioral cognitive social and academics iii Not enough dopamine problems with frontal cortex iv Psychosocial factors negative feedback rejection isolation can all exacerbate ADHD v Treat with stimulants because of problems of now enough dopamine increase internal arousal levels 1 Psychologists needed to improve compliance b Learning DisorderDisabilities i Struggle in school performance substantially below expected levels based on IQ age education levels ii Difficulties learning and using academic skills despite targeting difficulties not due to other factors iii Specific types 1 Impairment in reading accuracy rate and comprehension 2 Impairment in written expression spelling grammar and organizationclarity 3 Impairment in mathematics number sense memorization reasoning and calculations iv Consequences include negative school experiences and higher drop out rates v Genetic and psychosocial contributions vi Treatment strategies work on decision making and critical thinking specific skills instructions and direct intrusion c Autism Spectrum Disorder i Impairment in social communications and interactions such as 1 Socialemotional reciprocity problems 2 Problems in nonverbal communication 3 Problems with relationship fundamentals ii Restricted repetitive patterns of interest or activities d Intellectual Disabilitv i Deficits in reasoning problem solving abstract thinking planning academic learning learning from experience ii Deficits in adaptive functioning to meet developmental and cultural standards 3 What happens with ADHD as a person grows into adulthood a 50 have problems as adults 10 ll 12 13 12 b Inattention persists along with hyperactivity but there is an impulsivity decline i Learn to deal and compensate for it c High comorbidity in 90 of adults Some countries that previously had lower rates of ADHD now report rates comparable to the USA What is the textbook s explanation for this a ADHD is important worldwide because of the validity of ADHD as a real disorder b Shows that it is not a lack of intolerance for active or impulsive children but an actual disorder What has research shown about the affect of toxins and food additives on ADHD a Pesticides food coloring avoring and preservatives are controversial that they have been causes of ADHD What type of medications are Ritalin and Cylert what effect do they have on people with ADHD a They are stimulants why would you give to someone with ADHD b Use stimulants to increase arousal level to where it should be i ADHD people don39t have enough dopamine What is combined treatment for ADHD and what have studies found about its efficacy compared with medication alone a Combination of medications and behavioral therapy has a greater effect on ADHD What are the causes of learning disorders a Genetic and neurobiological i Family component cortical structureactivation b Psychosocial contributions expectancies and child management practices How are learning disabilities treated a Educational interventions specific skills instructions b Strategy instruction work on decision making and critical thinking c Direct intrusion i Constantly assessed and modified based on progress or lack of progress How much does parenting style cause autism a People with autism suffer from a disruption in early social development like social relationships even with parents i Historically parents of children with autism were perfectionistic cold and aloof modern research shows they are not much different than parents of normal children ii DOES NOT CAUSE IT According to research by Lovaas 1987 at what age is it best to start treating autism a Early intervention onset is around 3 years old i Treat whenever they start showing symptoms What type of school placement if any is best for most autistic children a Integrate them into regular schooling Why is IQ alone an insufficient criterion for intellectual disability 13 a Scoring approximately 70 or below on an IQ test is not sufficient for intellectual disability must have difficulty in two of the following i Communication ii Selfcare iii Home living iv Social and interpersonal skills V Use of community resources vi Selfdirection vii Functional academic skills viii Work ix Leisure X Health Xi Safety 14 What is the cause of Down syndrome a Presence of an extra 21St chromosome trisomy 21 Coanitive Disorders 1 Be able to recognize and distinguish delirium dementia and amnesia a Delirium i Clearly reduced ability to focus attention and be aware of what is going on in the environment and disturbances in memory orientation person place time visuospatial ability or perception ii Often there is confusion limited consciousness disorientation attentionmemorylanguage deficits iii Hypo OR hyperactive OR both b DementiaNeurocognitive Disorder i Gradual deterioration of brain functioning cognitive decline that affects judgment memory language and other advanced cognitive processes ii Cause Specifiers Alzheimer s vascular disease HIV Parkinson s etc c Amnestic Disorder i Characterized by inability to learn new information recall previously learned information or transfer info into longterm memory ii Causes such as medical conditions head trauma drug use 2 What are the major causes of delirium a Drugs and withdrawal brain trauma infections etc 3 An individual with dementia may become agitated apathetic or have other problems What causes these problems 4 Be able to recognize a description of someone with Alzheimer s disease 5 What is the outcome for someone with Alzheimer s disease a May lead to major neurocognitive disorder 6 When a person is showing signs of dementia how is Alzheimer s initially diagnosed a Basis of memory 7 How is a definitive diagnosis for Alzheimer s disease made a Requires autopsy 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 14 i Amyloid plaques are waxy substances that get deposited on neurons in the brain like cholesterol in arteries ii Nerofibrilis protein filaments that get tangled inside the cell iii 9Literally destroy brain What was found to be a good early predictor for Alzheimer s disease among a group of nuns Massie et al 1996 a Nuns kept a journal looked at after 40 years and the ones who put in more rich details had less probability of having Alzheimer s What are the effects of education and socioeconomic status on developing Alzheimer s dementia What is the usual explanation for these differences a Alzheimer s is less prevalent in those with higher education i More education makes you use your brain a lot in a lot of different ways 9 you have more synaptic connections and neurons 9 cognitive reserve theory 1 Amyloid plaques have way more neurons to kill before they start having an effect What is the cognitive reserve hypothesis a See above So what s up with smoking and Alzheimer s disease a Smoking is bad for anything What are the neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques that indicate Alzheimer s disease When are they found a They are found in the brain they literally destroy brain cells Describe the process of the buildup of the amyloid plaques in Alzheimer s dementia a gtlltgtlltgtlltgtllt What is the relation between apoE genes and Alzheimer s dementia a Increase probability of getting Alzheimer s How are the signs symptoms and course the same and how are they different for dementia caused by Alzheimer s vascular accident and HIV a gtlltgtlltgtlltgtlltgtllt Why do symptoms vary so much in people with vascular dementia a Depends on where the blood is cut off to What exactly causes dementia in people who are HIV positive a The HIV disease destroys neuron in the brain it is the cause of the damagedeterioration itself What parts of the brain does HIV affect a Effects anything from one neuron to whole brain What neurochemical is implicated in Parkinson s disease a Dopamine What types of sports are associated with later dementia and why a Any sports vulnerable to collision 9 head trauma How do the medications that sometimes benefit people with Alzheimer s dementia work How much benefit do they typically give a Improve a person s quality of life does not cure them of NCD 15 b Vitamin E delays progression c SSRIsantidepressantsantipsychotics if With another disorder 22 What can a person do to prevent or slow the progress of Alzheimer s dementia a Exercise cognitive stimulation memory enhancement devices 23 What have studies found about the impact of Ginkgo biloba on memory a Not helpful herbal medication 24 What is the difference between dissociative amnesia and cognitive disorder amnesia a Dissociative amnesia is forgetting traumatic evens or psychological reasons b Cognitive disorder amnesia has an organic brain damage cause Get a good night s sleep and Remember Mt 2 pencil
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