New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Mini-Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Michelle Porter

Mini-Exam 1 Study Guide Psy 350

Marketplace > Purdue University > Psy 350 > Mini Exam 1 Study Guide
Michelle Porter
GPA 3.0
Abnormal Psychology
Priscilla Lui

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Abnormal Psychology
Priscilla Lui
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Abnormal Psychology

Popular in Department

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Michelle Porter on Tuesday February 3, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Psy 350 at Purdue University taught by Priscilla Lui in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 89 views.


Reviews for Mini-Exam 1 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/03/15
PSY 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2015 Study Guide for Mini Exam 1 1 Biological Approach Genetic Approach Discovery of behavioral characteristics due to heredity through study of twins Francis Galton late 18005 Early mental ill were sterilized to prevent quotpassing onquot their illness to their children 19205 Genetic in uences risk factors Environmental contexts interacts with genetic predispositions epigenetics Environment gt genetic in uences gt30000 genes in human body Genes contribute to behavior Environment in uences how gene are turned offon amp expressed Psychopathology may be heritable but depends on environment in uences Heritability The extent to which variability in a behavior in a population is accounted for by genetic factors Genotype Traits speci c to the genetic code unobserved Phenotype observed traits ex behaviors hair color eye color Endophenotype Lies between the genotype and phenotype as internal psychological or physiological markers underlying a disorder Epigenetics Study of inheritable genetic changes that are not caused by changes in DNA sequencing How environment alters gene expression and functioning Equi nality A behavior or disorder may have several causes Neuroscienti c Approach CNS Brain neurons neurotransmitters PNS Lesions of the brain may result in malfunctioning and maldevelopment of personality Imbalance in levels of neurotransmitters is important to moderate peoples reactions behavioral cognitive emotional Serotonin Regulates behavior moods and thought processes Norepinephrine Regulates heart rate BP respiration and the alarm reaction Dopamine Regulates muscle contractions learning memory and emotions GABA Regulates activity across synapses and hence behaviors and emotions Acetylcholine Regulates muscle contraction and formation of memories 2 Psychodynamic Approach ID lnborn based on biological needs Pressure principle satisfaction through direct grati cation Primary process thinking is wish ful llment It is unconscious and cannot be accessed directly EGO Grows out of ID to satisfy drives in the real world Reality principle Gets satisfaction through secondary process thinking logical planful Largely conscious Superego Moral arm of the psych Adopting moral values of the samesex parent Develops out of ego out of fear or love of parents around ages 37 Partially conscious May be brought into awareness with effort Defense Mechanisms Repression displacement rationalization projection or sublimation strong ego o Transference Strong feelings develop towards analyst Positive Transference Allows acceptance of parent like support Negative Transference Hostility resistance to interpretations 3 Behavioral Approach Classical Conditioning Approaches Ivan Pavlov Focus on external observable behavior not internal processes Individuals are seen as a blank slate for learned behavior Learned by paring of natural unconditioned stimulus and conditioned response to produce conditioned response Pavlov s dog Acquisition Pairings of unconditioned stimulus and conditioned stimulus require cooccurrence or temporal con guous Extinction Loss of ability of CS to elicit conditioned response Generalization Stimuli similar to the original CS can elicit the same CR Discrimination The process of making distinctions between various stimuli to elicit CR Environmental Determinism Individual behavior is contingent upon the environment rather than free will Little Albert Operant Conditioning Approaches Edward Thorndike BF Skinner Law of effect consequences of behavior Reinforcement Increase behavior regardless whether the behavior is good or bad Punishment Decrease behavior regardless whether the behavior is good or bad Positive Reinforcement Give a reward for compliance Negative Reinforcement Take away chores for getting an A in math Punishment Time outs corporal punishments for hitting Response Cost Taking away toys for throwing a tantrum Social Learning Approaches Albert Bandura observationmodeling Paradigm shift to attend to conscious mental processes of perceiving recognizing judging and reasoning based on schema 0 Focus on the mediating role of cognitive appraisals and beliefs ABC model Albert Ellis Cognitive triad of depression Aaron T Beck 4 Cognitive Approach 0 ABC Model AntecedentsActivating events BeliefsThoughts Consequences Irrational beliefs mediate the relationship between activating events and negative consequences abnormal behaviornegative affect Irrational beliefs are illogical and distort reality They prevent personal ful llment of goals and lead to unhealthy relationshipsemotions RationalEmotive Therapy Activating Event or Adversity gt Beliefs about that event or adversity gt Emotional consequences gt Disputations to challenge irrational beliefs gt Effective new beliefs replace the irrational ones Cognitive Triads Aaron T Beck Negative self view negative view of the world negative view of the future Common cognitive disorders should statements magni cation minimizing overgeneralizing labeling Mindfulnessbased approaches quotThird wave therapyquot Mindfulnessbased stress reduction Mindfulnessbased cognitive therapy acceptance and commitment therapy Mindfulness Intentional awareness of the present without judgement and evaluation 5 Humanistic Approach Humanistic Approach Intrinsic human motivations self actualization Hierarchy of needs You cant move to the next level without completing the one before it Requirements for selfactualization Unconditional positive regard being genuine to yourself self awareness Etiology of psychopathology road blocks to self actualization due to conditions of worth conditional positive regard deny genuine feelings and potentials Carl Rogers Promote unconditional positive regard Work towards self acceptance and discovery of personal strengths Develop selfrespect and work towards self actualization PersonCentered Therapy Techniques Use of empathy active listening re ections nonjudgmental attitudes Race A categorization based on biology Genotypic and Phenotypic characteristics Racism Differential treatment based on explicit or implicit ideology of superiorityinferiority based on 39Tacequot Ethnicity A categorization based on commonalities of ancestry culture language lifestyle religion Fastest growing groups LatinosHispanics 2rml fastest growing groups Asians Acculturation Adapting to a new host cultural context Developing new language behavioral repertories cultural values Acculturative Stress Used to be called quotculture shockquot Immigrant Paradox First generation immigrants are LESS likely to be diagnosed with psychological disorders than their 2 dgeneration counterparts or people who did not immigrate Enculturation Adapting and learning values behaviors associated with the heritage culture


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.