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by: Emma Shoupe


Emma Shoupe
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

This study guide covers everything from fungi to Bilateria. I am going to also post another short on Tuesday for last minute studying, and including what we talk about on Tuesday. Thanks!!!
Organismal Biology
Dr. Djibo Zanzot
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emma Shoupe on Friday April 8, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1030 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Dr. Djibo Zanzot in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Organismal Biology in Biology at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.




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Date Created: 04/08/16
Organismal Biology Study Guide – EXAM 3 – Dr. Zanzot 1. Name 4 characteristics of fungi. 2. What is the body plan of fungi? What are the filamentous forms? 3. Name 3 evolutionary trends of fungi. 4. Niches are _______, _______, and _____________. 5. Things to remember for each phylum: a. Chytridomycota i. Aquatic, with flagellated zoospores ii. Freshwater iii. Killing amphibians b. Zygomycota i. Bread molds ii. Thick walled, dormant zygospores iii. Pilobolus c. Glomeromycota i. Endomycorrhizal fungi ii. Mutualistic root- inhabitants iii. Help fertilize plants & plant feeds carbon to fungi d. Ascomycota i. Sac fungi ii. Contains LSD iii. Mostly plant pathogens iv. Sexual spores (ascospores) v. Asexual spores (conidia) vi. Know the life cycle – important e. Basidiomycota i. Mushrooms ii. No asexual spores iii. Basidispores (sexual spores) iv. Amanita muscaria (know life cycle!!) f. Imperfect i. No sexual stage ii. Produce spores (mitosis) iii. Penicillium, aspergillus, rhizoctonia g. Lichens i. Mutualistic symbiosis between fungi and photosynthetic organism 6. Which phylum is the largest in Kingdom Animalia? Class? Order? Family? 7. Name 4 characteristics of animals. 8. Name the 4 evolutionary trends of animals and be able to draw what they look like. 9. Things to remember from each phylum: a. Porifera i. Sessile ii. Aquatic iii. Cellular level of organization iv. Filter feeders v. Be able to recognize and define the 4 cell types (choanocytes, amoebocytes, porocytes, & pinacocytes) vi. Parazoa vii. Know the 3 body plans – ascon (simple), sycon (multiple ascon), leucon (multiple leucon) 1. Class Calcarea a. Marine b. Calcareous c. Small 2. Class Hexactinellida a. Deep marine b. Siliceous c. Syncytium (cell fused) 3. Class Demospongiae a. Largest b. Marine and freshwater c. Siliceous d. Leucon b. Ctenophora i. Biradial ii. Colloblasts (gluey cells) iii. Iridescence iv. Bioluminescence v. Locomotion by comb jellies vi. Ctenes (8 rows of fused cilia) c. Cnidaria i. Hydras, jellyfish, corals, anemones ii. Radial iii. Polyp and medusa body types iv. Know terms such as gastrodermis (gut lining), tentacle, mesoglea (jelly substance), gastrovascular cavity, pedal disc (how polyp attaches) v. Know how it stings (nematocyst, cnidocyte) 1. Class Hydrozoa a. Hydra i. Budding ii. Completely mitotic iii. Asexual b. Obelia i. Know life cycle! c. Physalia (Portuguese man of war) i. Colonial medusa ii. Know terms such as pneumatophore, gonozoid, gastrozoid, dactylzoid 2. Class Scyphozoa a. True jellies b. Know life cycle of moon jellies 3. Class Cubozoa a. Dangerous sea wasps 4. Class Anthozoa a. Flower b. Sessile c. Corals, sea anemones d. Very important to marine habitat e. Know coral anatomy and importance of calcium carbonate skeleton d. Bilateria i. Triploblastic (3 layers, mesoderm) ii. acoelomate  pseudocoelomate  eucoelomate iii. bilateral symmetry  cephalization (formation of a head – head meaning moving with intention, or direction) iv. protosome 1. Phylum Platyhelminthes a. Flat worms b. Simple gut i. Class Turbellaria 1. Circular, longitudinal, parenchymal muscles 2. Regeneration 3. Pharynx 4. Ciliated epidermis ii. Class Cestoda 1. Tapeworms 2. No mouth or digestive system 3. Scolex; proglottid 4. Immature, mature, gravid 5. Life cycle iii. Class Trematoda 1. Primary & secondary host 2. Life cycle of liver fluke 3. Oral suckers 4. Huge number of offspring


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