Chapter Six Outline
Chapter Six Outline Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexandra Grese on Thursday February 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 1101: Introductory Sociology at Ohio State University taught by J. Craig Jenkins in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 132 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/05/15
Alexandra Grese Chapter Six Outline Types of Groups 0 Define a Group I Group loose term two or more people bound together somehow I Aggregate a crowd people in same place at same time who do not share an identity I Category nongroup who share characteristics but are not tied together in any way as a whole do not interact frequently with one another Ex Millennials I Nongroups can become groups Ex when disaster strikes 0 Types of Groups I According to Charles Cooley there are two types of groups I Primary plays most critical role in lives small people engage facetoface in longterm emotional ways Ex family I Secondary large impersonal taskfocused timelimited Ex classroom office 0 InGroups and OutGroups I Subcategories that refer to inclusion exclusion ie where groups get their power I Concept on in out groups came from William Sumner I Ingroup group you belong to and feel a part of outgroup is the opposite I Reference group a group people compare selves to set a standard of measurement Ex church workplace classmates Group Size and Structure 0 Dyads Triads and Large Groups I Small group all members know each other and share simultaneous interaction strong internal cohesion and sense of connection I Dyad 2 members I Triad 3 I Small group becomes a large one when Too many people for a simultaneous discussion United to one or more groups I Larger a group becomes bigger the risk of problems divisionlack of cohesion I But larger the group the more clout it carries Group Leadership 0 Large groups require formal leadership 0 Secondary groups leadership more overt I Ex army classroom 0 Leadership function main focusgoal of leader I Instrumental leader goal oriented and largely concerned with accomplishing tasks Ex general CEO I Expressive leader promote emotional strength and health Ex rabbi priest head of social service program I A combination of both is best 0 Three Different Leadership Styles I Democratic encourage group participation in all activities want group consensus well liked but can make for slow moving work members sometimes pick sides and cause a division I Laissezfaire handsoff selfmanagement only works with the highly motivated and mature I Authoritarian issue orders and assign tasks entrepreneurs not always wellliked o Conformity I We like to fit in and stand out for the reasons we choose I Conformity extent to which an individual complies with group norms or expectations Formal Organizations 0 Formal organizations large impersonal highly bureaucratized o Bureaucracy an ideal general model of formal org 0 Amitai Etzioni said organizations fall into 1 of 3 categories I Normative voluntary based on shared interest voluntary I Coercive people made to join 0 Ex prisons Total institution entire lifestyle controlled I Utilitarian joined by need for specific material reward Ex high school workplace 0 Bureaucracies I Max Weber all must have hierarchy of authority clear division of labor everyone has a task to perform explicit rules impersonal I Meritocracies people hired on merit skill I Meant to improve efficiency equal opportunity increase efficiency I Their size can slow them in terms of change this can be crippling o McDonaldization of Society increasing presence of fast food I Efficiency predictability calculability and control monitoring These notes made possible thanks to the online book
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