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review guide for test 1

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by: Danielle Fox

review guide for test 1 kin212

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Danielle Fox

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review guide for the first test sports psychology brian awari
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"Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class."
Mallory Champlin

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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Danielle Fox on Thursday February 5, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to kin212 at University of Miami taught by in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 96 views.

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Reviews for review guide for test 1

Star Star Star Star Star

Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.

-Mallory Champlin


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Date Created: 02/05/15
Exam 1 Study guide chapters 14 Two objectives of sport psychology understand the effects of psychological factors on physical and motor performance understand the effects of participation in physical activity on psychological development health and wellbeing affects mental health how the mind affects the body and how the body affects the mind how does being nervous affect your free throw if someone is anxious what is the best exercise to reduce anxiety clinical vs educational sport psychology clinical sport psychology licensed psychologist that are trained to work with people with server emotional disorders are also trained to help athletes with problems such as eating disorders and substance abuse educational sport psychologist are experts in training and teaching skill acquisition use mental coach approach understand psychology of human movement have training in physical education kinesiology or exercise and sport science work with anxiety arousal performance issues adherence Sport science knowledge Psychology knowledge domain domain Biomechanics Abnormal psychology Exercise physiology Clinical psychology Motor development Counseling psychology Motor learning and control Developmental psychology Sports medicine Experimental psychology Sport pedagogy Personality psychology Sport sociology Physiological psychology 2011 Human Kinetics Study vs experiment study you observe a study without changing the situation and see the relations examples of a study I Compare the nutrition habits of top 50 athletes in a sport I The 20 fastest runners survey responses are compared against those of the 20 slowest I Research on alcohol effect on liver deterioration I Correlation between physical activity as a child and adult obesity experiment when you manipulate the data examples of an experiment I Runners are divided into two equal groups I Experimental group receives a speci c type of nutrition coaching etc I The second control group receives no psychological skills training can red bull make you run faster give 50 people red bull 50 people nothing you see who runs faster experiment is always better Methods of knowing in order Scienti c method experiment Systematic observation study Single case study Shared public experience Introspection Intuition llllll personality structure Personality The characteristics or blend of characteristics that make a person unique The structure of personality Psychological core Typical responses Rolerelated behavior When describing personality we look for salient traits things that stick out Often we are unaware of our characteristics Voice distortion mirror image body image and perception etc models of personality roe related behavior act differently in classroom then you do at home act according to situation typical responses The way one typically adjusts or responds to the environment PSyChOIOQicaI C0re39 The most basic and deepest attitudes values interests motives and selfworth of a person the quotrealquot person trait behavior is determined based on genetics pavlov people act certain way regardless of the situation de nition of trait vsstate trait typical style of behavior something you have your characteristics state is the situation effect on behavior a quotright nowquot feeling that can change moment to moment polygraphlie detector is your arousal high because you are being asked an embarrassing question or because you are being put under pressure Morgans iceberg pro le looks like an iceberg states that the characteristics that athletes have Personality Leadercoach style Needs Facility attractiveness Interests Team win loss record Goals 1 32 2 lt0 31339 gm 20 Human Kinetics more drive and non elite athletes have less drive but athletes have more depression and tension because they have more to lose relationship between personality self esteem and exercise exercise vs personality no relationship between personality and elite levels exercise tends to measure out personality Motivation is the direction and intensity of effort direction of effort refers to whether an individual seeks out approaches or is attracted to situations intensity of effort refers to how much effort an individual puts forth in a situation direction and intensity of effort are closely related participantor traitcentered view situationcentered view interactional view Seek out achievement Motive to Probability Foc s on S39tuatlons of U achieve ApproaCh pride of 00 for success success Success success Challenges Avoid 5 guidelines for building motivation 0 guideline 1 both situations and traits motivate times people alil zit l d39r i gt stir gt Achievement motivation vs competitiveness guideline 2 people have multiple motives for involvement understand why people participate in physical activity guideline 3 change the environment to enhance motivation provide both competitive and recreational opportunities provide for multiple motives and opportunities adjust to individuals within groups guideline 4leaders in uence motivation directly and indirectly guideline5 use behavior modi cation to change undesirable participant motives its the people they do it because thats their behavior situational motives people do things because of the situation Theories of achievement motivation achievement motivation is a persons orientation to strive for task success persist in the face of failure and experience pride in accomplishments achievement motivation self comparison of achievement competitiveness is a disposition to strive for satisfaction when making comparisons with some standard of excellence in the presence of evaluative offers competitiveness social evaluation or comparison achievement motivation in uences choice of activities effort to pursue goals intensity of effort persistence in the face of failure theories of achievement motivation need lChieVement theerY39 probability incentive theory attribUtien theery39how people explain their achievements and theories do your actions matter at all eXi stabilitycan you count on quotitquot happening locus of casualtyare u causing it forest re u ick a cigarette in the forest and now its on re u caused the re but you cant control the re locus of control are you in control scratch lotteries illusion that you are some how in control aChieVement 90339 theerY39 people do things for a speci c goal focus extra on task oriented goals OUtceme 90339 orientatien comparing performance and defeating others taSk 90339 orientatien improving from ones past performances SOCia39 goal orientatien39 judging competence in terms of af liation with the group and recognition of being liked by other competence metiVatien theerY39 people are motivated to feel worthy or competent motivated for worthiness feeling of control stages of developing achievement motivation and competitiveness aUtenemOUS competence Stage learning to ride a bike worried about falling ill race you SOCia39 comparison Stage working out how much do you bench integrated selfand socialcomparison stage compare yoursehc to other peope high achievers motivational orientation to achieve success motivation orientation to avoid failure focus on the pride of success ascribe failure to unstable and external factors outside their control usually adopt task goals perceived competence and control have high perceived competence and feel that achievement is within their control task choice seek out challenges able competitors and demanding tasks performance perform well in evaluative conditions low achievers low motivational orientation to achieve success high motivational orientation to achieve failure focus on shame and worry that may result from failure ascribe success to unstable and external factors outside their control ascribe failure to stable and internal factors within their control usually adopt outcome goals perceived competence and control have low perceived competence and feel that achievement is outside their control task choice avoid challenges seek out very dif cult or very easy tasks or competitors performance perform poorly in evaluative conditions arousal a blend of psychological and physiological activation varying in intensity along a continuum we seek to manipulate arousal we are also subject to involuntary arousal manipulation master switch in your body gets turned up voluntary arousal manipulation horror movies relaxing on the beach stretching etc involuntary arousal manipulation theme park designs movie music commercials etc anxiety is a negative emotional state with feelings of worry nervousness and apprehension associated with activation or arousal of the body relationship between trait and state anxiety 39 State aHXiety refers to right now feelings that change from moment to moment people who are anxious will have more state anxiety trait aHXiety is a personality disposition that is stable over time people with high trait anxiety usually have more state anxiety in highly evaluative situations cognitive arousal moment to moment changes in worries and negative thoughts somatic arousal moment to moment changes in perceived physiological arousal body movements tan one is sleeping and one is excited about ultra running on a treadmillsomatically aroused body but you are so boredcognitive arousal your mind is out of it you can be lying downsomatic arousal while your mind is freaking out nightmare cognitive anxiety vs arousal if anxiety increases then arousal goes up if arousal goes up anxiety doesn39t always go up stress a substantial imbalance between physical and psychological demands paced on an individual and his or her response capability under conditions in which failure to meet demands has important consequences when you have to put your body in over drive to make it Ex staying up until 3 am writing a paper clubbing at 3am stress process implications of the stress process practice mental threat worrying about nals projects environmental demand always a threat gt individual perception threat threat gt physical and psychological response your action your response to the threat after your response its over if its mental then it can be for a long time you can be worried for a long time gt consequence lather rinse and repeat situational sources of stress how important something is makes a differences and uncertainty personal sources of stress trait anxiety selfesteem social physique anxiety being embarrassed of your body in public happens mostly to older people how arousal and anxiety affect performance Drive theory the presences of others enhances performance on simple or welllearned skills and inhibits performance on complex or unlearned skills fans help because they raise arousal social facilitation if you are really good at something then having people there will help you if you aren t really good at something having people there will hurt you having your fans at your home stadium help you inverted U hypothesis if arousal is low performance is bad when arousal goes up performance is good Goldie locks not too high and not too low middle is where you want to be Quality of performance Degree of arousal individualized zones of optimal functioning IZOF depending on what you are doing depend on person some people function better with high anxiety levels and low anxiety levels Performance Low Low High Physiological arousal 2011 Human Kinetics multidimensional anxiety theory The cognitive component has been de ned as the negative expectations and concerns about one39s ability to perform and the possible consequences of failure Whereas the somatic component is the physiological effects of the anxiety experience such as an increase in autonomic arousal with negative physiological effects like palpitations tense muscles shortness of breath clammy hands and in some cases even nausea l0W IZOF I best performance I V 139 WW mo 39l figoa Out besi lffi39r ance Out catastrophe model similar to inverted U performance goes up arousal goes 9333 Ouioizone best l iance up but once you go down that it 30 40 50 60 they cant go back up comebacks Low bingh rarely happen after you tip you dont State anxiety level C r C 2011 Human Kinetics reversal theory how arousal affects performance depends on an individuals interpretation of his or her arousal level cognitive theory it depends on how you interpret it some people work better under pressure some don t anxiety direction and intensity an individuals interpretation of anxiety symptoms is important for understanding the anxiety performance relationship viewing anxiety as facilitative leads to superior performance state anxiety is perceived as facilitative or debilitative depending on how much control the person perceives some support has been found for this view developing cognitive skills and strategies helps people view anxiety as facilitative Performance b Physiological arousal 2011 Human Kinetics


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