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Date Created: 02/06/15
V 161 Exam 1 Study Guide 1 What is Liberalism a Securing the power of the individual by limiting the power of the government b Right liberalism free market hands off freedom from intervention c Left liberalism intervention in order to guarantee greater freedom Government to take a large role in expending social choices 2 Who was John Locke a John Lock was the father of classical liberalism Knowledge is determined by experience 3 What is the meaning of multiculturalism a How to properly respond to cultural and religious diversity multiculturalism is about inclusion 4 What is the meaning of Nativism a Favoring the status of native inhabitant rather than immigrants Nativism is about exclusion 5 What does it mean to be a libertarian a It means that one is historically grounded and liberal on the right 6 What does it mean to be progressive a One that always takes side with the left 7 What happened during the civil rights movement in the 19605 a More people started to accept people of color and economic and political selfsufficiency were starting to improve 8 What does populism mean a People who make up the most popular segment of the population The popular belief The majority of people standing up for what they believe in against the elites 9 What does it mean by quotInstitutionalismquot 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 a A belief where the emphasis is placed on the usefulness of established institutions often at the expense of the individual Protects against enemies protects and provides jusUce Are Americans more religiously diverse than many other nanns a Yes Americans are much more religious than other nations There are more segments of religion What is the difference between being permissive and traditionalist a If one is permissive they want to get religion out and they believe anything goes If on is traditional they think religion should be incorporated into the society The ration between these two in America is 5050 What is affirmative action The policy of favoring member of a disadvantaged group who are perceived to suffer from discrimination What is a model A simpli ed representation of reality What is the process model A sequential model One must rst identify a problem and then develop a plan What is the constitution It is a model it is also the supreme law of the land What is the difference between the incremental model and the nonincremental model a It adds to project in small increments Often times things will be added to a previous model The United States uses the model to create policy The nonincremental model is 17 18 19 20 when all new information makes up a policy or project The United States uses this model in times of crisis What were the federalist papers and what did the do These papers were written by John Jay Alexander Hamilton and James Madison These papers promoted the rati cation of the constitution Who was Alexander Hamilton i Cowrote the federalist papers he was the founder of the Federalist Party and he was the rst United States Secretary of the Treasury Who was James Madison i He was the fourth president of the United States and he was the author of the bill of rights the rst 10 amendments Who was John Jay i He cowrote the federalist papers and he was in favor of a strong central government How does elitism work It acts like a pyramid where the elites are at the top and they create the policies that trickle down to affect the rest of the population or the public What is the difference between BottomUp and TopDown Bottom up is encouraged by a large group of people example the civil rights movement Top down is in uenced by the elites What does a think tank do A think tank is an organization that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy political strategy economics military technology and culture i The Brookings Institution the dominant policy planning group for American domestic policy It is 21 22 considered to work around people who tend to side with the left side of government ii The American Enterprise Institute AEI this think tank helps offset the liberal bias of Brookings lt appeals to both democrats and republicans who have doubts about big government iii The Heritage Foundation this think tanks was built up by conservative businessmen it sides more with the right side of the government iv The Center for American Progress this is a new intellectual source of policy change n the Obama administration It promises to engage in a war of ideas with conservatives v The Council on Foreign Relations many foreign policy decisions are rst aired in the CFR s prestigious pubHcann vi CATO to originate disseminate and increase understanding of public policies based on the principles of individual liberty limited government free markets and peace What does it mean to Lobby It is the attempt to in uence decisions made by the government Who are the following people Nancy Pelossi she is the minority leader of the house and she served as the 60th speaker of the house from 2007 2011 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 John Boehner he is the 61st speaker of the house he is a republican and he was recently the minority leader until the Republicans took control of the House Mitch McConnel he is the majority leader of the senate who is a republican Harry Reid he is he senate minority leader and was previously the majority leader John Kerry he is the United States Secretary of State What is the difference between MSMBC and FOX MSMBC tends to be more progressive with a very liberal bias whereas FOX tends to be more conservative FOX has the most viewers because there are more conservatives than there are liberals New York Times vs Wall Street Journal The NYT is usually more liberal and the WSJ is more conservative What kind of things are the media interested in reporting Drama sensationalism the media decides what is news worthy What is the OMB The Office of Management Budget This office is within the executive office and it assists the president in preparing the budget What is the CBO Federal agency within the legislative branch that provides economic information to congress What is the Federal Register This is the list of rules and regulations that the federalist government implements daily Why do we have something called quotChecks and Balancesquot 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 a We have this system to make sure that a branch of government does not overpower another branch of government What is the difference between the House of Representatives and the Senate a The house of reps is much larger with over 400 seats The house responds to larger number of people and requests It runs like a bus line and if it is not orderly then it is a mess The senate is much smaller with out 100 seats 2 for every state The senate is the upper house involved in important constitutional duties The senate is like an elite club What is Newt Gingrich He is a republican who ran for president and he was also the 58th speaker of the house What is Federalism People who believe in federalism want a strong centralized government however states also have power Examples Germany India US What is a Unitary Nation The central government is supreme Examples Japan Great Britain What does an antifederalist believe These people want less power in the central government What is meant by quotJudicial Reviewquot When the actions of the executive and legislative branch are put under review by the judiciary checks and balances What is the Bill of Rights The rst 10 amendments of constitution Who was Thomas Jefferson He was the author of the Deceleration of Independence What happened during the progressive era 39 40 41 0390 Woodrow Wilson was president and his coal was to eliminate corruption in the government by exposing and undercutting political machines and their bosses and further establishing direct democracy What happened during the New Deal FDR was president and his goal was relief recovery and reform Relief for the unemployed recovery for the economy and reform of the nancial system to prevent another depression What was the Great Society The main goal was to eliminate poverty and racial injustice What is Pluralism The acknowledgment of diversity among political systems What is Laissez Faire i The belief that government should intervene as little as possible in the direction of economic affairs
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