Social Psychology Exam 1 Study Guide
Social Psychology Exam 1 Study Guide PSYCH 2160
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kristyle L. on Saturday January 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 2160 at University of Missouri - St. Louis taught by Bettina Casad in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - St. Louis.
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Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.
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Date Created: 01/02/16
PSYCH 2160 Casad Exam 1: Content Summary The exam will be based on the following sources of information, in order of prevalence: A. Material covered in lecture and in the textbook B. Material covered in the textbook, but not covered in class C. Material discussed in class activities and group assignments D. New material covered in lecture that is not in the textbook *Refer to example exam questions on BlackBoard to help you prepare. Be prepared for definitional, conceptual, and application questions in multiple choice format. To prepare, answer the multiple choice and critical thinking questions posted at the end of each chapter in the Aronson text. You can also go to the publisher’s website and complete practice quizzes. http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_aronson_socpsych_6/ (this is from the 6 edition but it is free). This website might be helpful: http://quizlet.com/subject/social-psychology-aronson/ Chs. 1 & 2 Introduction to Psychology and Research Methods Learning Objectives: • Compare and contrast how sociology, personality psychology, and social psychology attempt to understand and predict human behavior. • Define construals. Indicate why social psychologists study construals rather than simply the objective environments of people. • Identify the two basic motives that underlie the origins of people’s construals. Describe what happens when the two basic human motives conflict. • Explain the hindsight bias and its implications for social psychology • Define and explain the purpose of a theory • Describe three major research methods in social psychology and their strengths and weaknesses • Identify ethical standards used in research Important terms and concepts to define and apply: Scientific method Theories Sampling, generalization Hypothesis Survey, naturalistic observation Four goals of psychology Correlation coefficient Field Research Does correlation = causation? Experimental Research Experiment Survey Method Two basic motive for behavior Correlational Method ABC’s of psychology Experimental versus control group Independent and dependent variables Placebo How can we best determine cause and effect? Debriefing Define social psychology and give examples of the field’s main emphases What are the similarities and differences between social psychology and other fields? Disclaimer: This summary sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in 1 this review may still appear on the exam. PSYCH 2160 Casad What are the three major research methods in social psychology? What are their advantages and disadvantages? Be able to identify the independent and dependent variables in a study. Identify the experimental versus control group. Chs. 3 & 4 Social Cognition and Social Perception Learning Objectives: Define a schema. Discuss its effects on attention, interpretation, and memory. Describe the self-fulfilling prophecy and explain how it makes schemas resistant to change. Describe heuristics, illusory correlation, and perceived control Define social perception Describe sources of information and bias in social perception Describe attribution theories and findings Describe the fundamental attribution error and why it occurs Important terms and concepts to define and apply: Automatic and controlled thinking Accessibility, priming Dispositional vs. Situational attributions Inferring traits Fundamental attribution error Correspondence bias Defensive attribution, self-serving bias, actor/observer effect Kelly’s Attribution Theory: Consistency, Distinctiveness, Consensus Ch. 5. Self-knowledge Learning Objectives Be able to describe: The nature of the self-concept Cultural and gender differences in self-concept Evidence for the three major self themes Sources of information for self-knowledge and the associated theories Strategies for impression management Important terms and concepts to define and apply: Self-schema Social comparison theory Self-awareness theory Causal theories Self-perception theory Self-concept Intrinsic and extrinsic Self serving bias motivation Self presentation strategies Overjustification effect Perceived control Two-factor theory of emotion Self handicapping Disclaimer: This summary sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in 2 this review may still appear on the exam. PSYCH 2160 Casad Types of selves according to William James (presented in lecture) Individualism and collectivism; independent and interdependent selves How does the social self develop? What are the three main findings or “take home messages” we discussed in class regarding the self? Be able to give examples of concepts and research supporting each main finding. 3 Disclaimer: This summary sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in this review may still appear on the exam.
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