History of Violin Making
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Bonnie Lee on Saturday January 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUS-U274 at a university taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views.
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Date Created: 01/02/16
U274 Exam 1 1. List 12 surnames of the most important Cremonese makers in chronological order. 1. Amati 2. Antoniazzi 3. Balestrieri 4. Bergonzi 5. Ceruti 6. Guadagnini 7. Guarneri 8. Marcelli 9. Rota 10. Ruggieri 11. Storioni 12. Stradivari 2. What was the major industry in Cremona? Silk-dyeing industry 3. How did Cremona get its name? Dairy: from the word cow. 4. Give the earliest known violin to date. 1. Name of the violin: Charles IX 2. Name of its maker: Andrea Amati 3. Date/ Year t was made: 1564 5. Which Cremonese family has two conflicting sets of dates for their existence? Andrea Amati and his wife and children appeared in two census with the same exact information 50 years apart 6. What was Stradivari’s birth and death date? Antonio Stradivari (1644-1736/37) 7. How many sons did Stradivari have? What were their names? 1. 9 sons, 1 died. 2. 2 worked at the shop: Francesco Stradivari (1671-1743) and Omobono Stradivari (1679-1742) 8. Name the three periods of Stradivari and their dates (circa). 1. 1666-1690: Amati Period 2. 1690-1700: Long Body Period (narrower C bout) 3. 1700-1736: Golden Period (few from previous period) 9. Name four mathematical terms that could have been used in designing the stringed instrument. 1. Golden Ratio: 1.618 2. Cycloid 3. Catinary 4. Fibonacci Sequence: used to determine pattern of golden ratio 10. Name ten factors that will assist you in identifying a Cremonese stringed instrument. 1. Wight, mass (thickness of wood): German is light because it’s thinner, etc. 2. Rectangular f-holes mensur marks instead of triangle 3. Species of wood, danger chronology” spruce/ maple’s density!? 4. Annual Growth Rings: horizontal/ vertical on inner blocks 5. AGR: Strad’s center is closer for bridge/ S-P support, expand wider on the sides 6. Tool marking, bench marks, scribe marks 7. Tapering of Rib Structure: Rib taper, edge thickness: German has no rib taper 8. Alignment of Pins: Center line (scroll, neck, body, bottom) 9. Scroll: narrowest part right on top 10. Conical hole on back from use of compass: larger on the inside and gets smaller on the outside/ Pin hole on inner top (fixed dot of center of golden section circles) 11. Rib thickness, block placement 12. Concave vut of f-holef-hole level is flat, smooth from side (the glue), f should be straight 13. Brow on f-hole 14. Clear varnish 15. Hourglass shape of perfling 16. Centered golden section button 11. Name four major cities in Italy that were known for violin making in the 18 century. 1. Cremona 2. Venice 3. Rome 4. Naples 12. Name ten Italian makers Not from Cremona. 1. Gagliano 6. Abati 2. Bianchi 7. Ambrosi 3. Gragnani 8. Assalone 4. Bagoni 9. Bagatella 5. Albani 10. Borelli
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