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Social Psychology Study Exam 2

by: Kristyle L.

Social Psychology Study Exam 2 PSYCH 2160

Marketplace > University of Missouri - St. Louis > Psychlogy > PSYCH 2160 > Social Psychology Study Exam 2
Kristyle L.
GPA 3.7

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About this Document

Exam 2
Social Psychology
Bettina Casad
Study Guide
Study Guide, Exam 2, Social Pysch
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kristyle L. on Monday January 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 2160 at University of Missouri - St. Louis taught by Bettina Casad in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - St. Louis.


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Date Created: 01/04/16
PSYCH 2160 Exam 2: Content Summary The exam will be based on the following sources of information, in order of importance: A. Material covered in lecture and in the textbooks B. New material covered in lecture that is not in the textbooks C. Material discussed in class activities and group assignments D. Material covered in the textbooks, but not covered in class *Refer to example exam questions on BlackBoard to help you prepare. Be prepared for definitional, conceptual, and application questions in multiple choice, fill in the blank, and short answer formats. Be prepared to answer the critical thinking questions posted at the end of each chapter in the Aronson text. Be familiar with questions and answers posed on the discussion board and in student group presentations. Ch. 6 The need to justify our actions Learning Objectives:  Describe the classic theory of cognitive dissonance. Discuss the conditions that elicit dissonance and what strategies we use to reduce dissonance.  Describe the research paradigms used to test the theory and example studies.  Describe the additional conditions that contributed to the new dissonance theory.  Describe the role of cognitive dissonance in decision making  Describe self-perception theory and self-affirmation theory Important terms and concepts to define and understand:  Describe each theory and be able to identify  Justification of effort examples of attitudes/behavior that support  Insufficient punishment each theory.  self-persuasion  Motives for our behavior  Research paradigms/methods for testing  Insufficient justification cognitive dissonance theory  External justification  Give evidence for our behaviors influencing  Internal justification our attitudes Ch. 7 Attitudes and Attitude Change Learning Objectives: Describe the structure and function of attitudes Describe the conditions that will best predict behavior from attitudes Identify the two paths to persuasion Explain how the communicator, message, method, and audience affect persuasion Describe how people resist persuasion Important terms and concepts to define, describe, and explain:  Elaboration likelihood model (audience,  Characteristics of persuasive processing, persuasion) communicators o Central route-when most likely  Characteristics of persuasive messages to occur  Qualities of the channel of o Peripheral route-when most communication likely to occur  Qualities of the audience 1 Disclaimer: This study sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in this review may still appear on the exam. PSYCH 2160  Persuasion strategies used in advertising  Attitude inoculation and why they are effective  Resisting influence o Theory of planned behavior o The ABCs of attitudes o What factors increase the accuracy of predicting behavior from attitudes? Give examples of each. o Why aren’t behaviors and attitudes always consistent?  Primacy and recency effects related to persuasion Ch.8 Conformity Learning Objectives:  Define conformity and explain the difference between compliance & acceptance  Describe the findings of three classic studies on conformity  Describe conditions that increase conformity  Explain why people conform or resist conformity Important terms and concepts to define, describe, and explain:  Conformity  Factors contributing to obedience  Compliance  Factors determining when people  Acceptance conform  Obedience  Personality factors related to who  Differences in views of conformity conforms across collectivistic and individualist  Normative social influence cultures o Conditions under which is likely  Describe and compare the classic to occur studies: Sherif, Asch, Milgram  Information social influence  How the studies relate to behavior and o Conditions under which is likely attitudes, the power of the situation, and to occur the fundamental attribution error  Consequences for violating social norms  suggestibility Ch. 9 Group Processes Learning Objectives: • Define a group • Describe how people are affected by the presence of others • Describe when social loafing is likely to occur • Describe deindividuation • Explain group polarization • Describe the causes, symptoms, and prevention of groupthink • Describe effective leadership Important terms and concepts to define, describe, and explain: o Four characteristics that must be met to  Social facilitation qualify as a group  Social loafing o Examples of groups  The effects of the presence of others  Purposes groups fulfill  Deindividuation  Mere presence of others 2 Disclaimer: This study sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in this review may still appear on the exam. PSYCH 2160  Behaviors related to self-awareness and lack  Group think: causes, symptoms, and of self-awareness prevention of groupthink  Group polarization  Leadership styles  Explanations for group polarization Ch. 10 Interpersonal Attraction  Describe factors that contribute to  Interdependence Theory forming close relationships  Investment Model  Describe the triangular theory of love  Equity Theory  Describe why relationships end  Describe relationship maintenance  Demographic factors theories Important terms and concepts to define and understand:  Benefits to forming relationships  Triangular theory of love and types  Factors that contribute to relationship of love formation: proximity, attraction,  Interdependence theory similarity  The investment model of  Physical-attractiveness stereotype relationships  Gender differences in desirable traits  Equity theory 3 Disclaimer: This study sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in this review may still appear on the exam.


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