Social Psychology Exam 3 Study Guide
Social Psychology Exam 3 Study Guide PSYCH 2160
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kristyle L. on Monday January 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 2160 at University of Missouri - St. Louis taught by Bettina Casad in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - St. Louis.
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Date Created: 01/04/16
PSYCH 2160 Exam 3 Study Guide I. The exam will be based on the following sources of information, in order of importance: A. Material covered in lecture and in the textbook or supplemental readings B. New material covered in lecture that is not in the textbook C. Material discussed in class activities D. Material covered in the textbook or supplemental readings, but not covered in class II. Advice on preparing for the final exam: Reread Ch. 1 as it offers a good overview of social psychology. You will gain a larger picture of the detailed information we have covered throughout the course. Revisit your performance on the previous exam. If you had trouble with the application questions, study the content with these types of questions in mind. Create your own exam and study with a partner. Of course you don’t have time to reread the chapters, but take some time to reread each chapter summary. If a theory sounds completely foreign to you, review your notes and the text to refresh your memory. Review the key theories listed in this study guide. Be prepared to compare theories or apply them to interpret example behaviors or psychological phenomena. The focus of the exam will be on applicatiand integration of the material we’ve covered in the course. About 90% of the exam will cover new material (Chapters 11-13, plus 1 & 9 for social neuroscience and 1 & 9 for industrial/organizational psychology) and 10% will be from chapter 1. Material from Ch. 1 Define social psychology and give examples of the field’s main emphases What are the similarities and differences between social psychology and other fields? Four goals of psychology The ABCs of psychology: Affect (feelings), Behavior, and Cognition (thoughts) Be able to discuss evidence for each of the following big ideas in social psychology: The power of the situation in determining thoughts, feelings, and behaviors The power of the individual Behavior = f(P X E) The power of our cognitions Applying social psychology to real world issues The basic human needs: o To be accurate, or right. o To feel good about oneself or ingroup o To feel consistent in one’s behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and personality o To feel in control of one’s outcomes 1 Disclaimer: This study sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in this review may still appear on the exam. PSYCH 2160 New Material: Ch. 11 Prosocial Behavior Ch. 11 Prosocial Behavior Learning Objectives: Define altruism and types of helping Describe motivations to volunteer Describe three theories of prosocial Describe situational and personal behavior influences on helping Important terms and concepts to define and understand: Social Exchange Theory Number of bystanders o Egoism Informational influence o Empathy-altruism hypothesis Time pressures Reasons we help o Personal influences o Social norms Guilt o Evolutionary perspective Negative or positive moods When do we help o Situational influences Personality traits Ch. 12 Aggression Learning Objectives: Define aggression and explain the Describe relative deprivation and two types of aggression define the two types Describe the three theories of Describe influences on aggression aggression Describe ways to reduce aggression Important terms and concepts to define and understand: Aggression—hostile and Frustration-aggression theory instrumental aggression Relative deprivation Evidence for aggression as an inborn Evidence for aggression as a learned trait—instinct theory; neural trait—social learning theory influences; genetic influences; and biochemical influences Ch. 13 Stereotyping lecture Learning Objectives: Define stereotypes Describe the nature of stereotypes Describe how they form and how Describe the purposes of stereotypes they relate to prejudice and Describe the consequences of discrimination stereotypes Important terms and concepts to define and understand: Social categorization: ingroups and outgroups Cognitive, emotional, sociomotivational, cultural influences on the development of stereotypes Stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination: how are they interconnected? 2 Disclaimer: This study sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in this review may still appear on the exam. Psy 401 Fall 2007 Casad Outgroup homogeneity How has the view of stereotyping changed from 1900s until now? Is it a normal or abnormal human process? How stereotypes influence our information processing and memory Automatic and controlled processes Dissociation model, or two step model of the cognitive processing of stereotypes 3 Purposes of stereotypes stereotype threat Maintaining stereotypes: self-fulfilling prophesy and subtyping Ch. 13 Prejudice lecture Learning Objectives: Types of racism How some people respond to Sources of prejudice prejudice Explicit and implicit prejudice How prejudice can be reduced Important terms and concepts to define and understand: Types of racism: old- social, emotional, and cognitive fashioned/hostile, sources of prejudice modern/symbolic/aversive implicit and explicit prejudice Studies to support aversive self-report measures, types and racism problems with them ambivalent sexism: benevolent and Implicit association test, how does it hostile sexism work, what are the criticisms 4 purposes of prejudice: self identity, How does prejudice affect our self esteem, self protection, self behavior? serving bias Contact hypothesis Social Neuroscience (Lecture, Chapters 1 & 9) Define social neuroscience; describe how it relates to social psychology, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience • Describe the emergence of social neuroscience as a field • Describe theoretical views on the social brain • Discuss research on the social nature of genetics, culture, and the brain • Describe methods of social neuroscience: hemodynamic, electrical-strengths and weaknesses of each -Describe the levels of analysis in social psychology and neuroscience -describe findings from research on epigenics, learning and the brain, and cultural neuroscience and how this research relates to theories of the social brain -Describe how EEG data reflect mental processes such as working memory • Describe the self from a neuroscience perspective • Describe cultural differences in self-concept • Describe findings on the social neuroscience of prejudice EEG/ERP and IAT 3 Disclaimer: This study sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in this review may still appear on the exam. Psy 401 Fall 2007 Casad IAT and the amygdala ERP, the weapons task, and motivations to control prejudice Industrial/Organizational Psychology (Lecture, Chapters 1 & 9) -What is IO psychology and how does it relate to social psychology? -why is IO psychology important to study? What impact does it have on people and society? -Describe features of the “younger worker” and how this impacts organizations -Describe multicultural and cross-cultural issues in IO psychology -Be able to describe the following concepts in the context of organizations: gender bias, gender gap, gender stereotypes, glass ceiling, and organizational culture -Describe leadership styles and their effects on employees -Describe effects of descriptive and prescriptive gender stereotypes on hiring, promotion, and assessment of employees 4 Disclaimer: This study sheet is intended to guide your studying. Material not presented in this review may still appear on the exam.
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