Film Lecture: Final.
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Date Created: 01/04/16
FILM LECTURE STUDY GUIDE. 1. What are the three aspects of Animated Films? 1. Shot one frame at a time. 2. Stop action Cinematography: a special effect, carried out while shooting, in which the performers stop their motion and the camera is stopped while an object or a performer is added or removed from the scene. 3. Extremely Short. 2. What are the three problems withAnimation? 1. Expensive. 2. Tedious. 3. Time Consuming. 3. Define DrawnAnimation: 1. Draw a figure on paper, take photo, draw figure again only slightly different, and take photo, re- peat. 4. Define CellAnimation: 1. Drawing three aspects of animation on clear plastic and sandwich together 5. What are two examples of CellAnimation? 1. Mickey Mouse. 2. Popeye. 6. What is Cut-outAnimation? 1. Manipulating two dimensional figures. 7. What is an example of Cut outAnimation? 1. South park. 8. What are three types of three dimensional animation? 1. Claymation: a method of animation in which clay figures are filmed using stop-motion photogra- phy.. 2. Model Animations: is a form of stop motion animation designed to merge with live action footage to create the illusion of a real-world fantasy sequence.. 3. Pixilation: to cause an image to break up into pixels, as by over enlarging an image. 9. What is computer imaging? 1. When an object or figure is generated by a computer, then manipulated on frame at a time. 10. What was the first film and first feature length film with computer imaging? 1. Tron- first 2. Toy Story- first feature film 11. What type of film was Ghost in the Shell? 1. JapaneseAnime. 12. What year was Ghost in the Shell Made? Won award? 1. 1995. 2. Won five awards in 1997. 13. What genre of movie is Ghost in the Shell? 1. Sci-Fi ( cyber punk). 14. What kind of animation was used in Ghost in the Shell? 1. Hybrid: drawn, cell, computer imaging 15. Who was the famous Japanese director referred to in lecture? 1. Memoru oshii. 16. What novel was Ghost in the shell based on? 1. William Gibson's Necromancer. 17. What are the three historical overview points of Feminism? 1. It is the political perspective that seeks individual and cultural equality for women in a male val- ued society. 2. Equality under patriarchal System. 3. Smog- if you’re in it you don’t see it, on the outside you see it as it is. 18. What are the three waves of Feminism? 1. Peaked 1900's constitutional and legal rights, 19th amendment. 1. 19th Amendment: Women's right to vote. (June 4, 1919) 2. Crested 1950's: social, economic, and cultural inequalities. Nat'l Org for women, abortion rights, title 9, almost ERA. 3. 1970's: looks intensely at text and media to see patriarchal bias. 19. Who are three women associated with Feminism as discussed in class? 1. Betty Friedan: 1) The Feminine Mystic - explores the idea of women finding fulfillment beyond traditional roles. 2) Co-founded the National Organization for women in 1966 and served as its first president. 3) Her book, The Feminine Mystic caused a social revolution by killing the myst that all women wanted to be "happy homemakers", the book is also credited to spurring the sec- ond-wave in feminism. 4) Fought for abortion rights -- established the National Association for the Repeal of Abortion Laws. 5) Helped create the National Women's Political Caucus. (a meeting of the members of a leg. body who are members of a political party that decide policy) 6) 2. Simone de Beavoir: 1) Laid the foundation for the modern feminist movement. 2) The Second Sex, a feminist text, a book that analyzed reasons why women's role in society was characterized as inferior to men. (criticized as pornography) 3) Didn't marry because she didn't want to be de- fined by institutional norms and they dated other people. 3. Laura Mulleary. 20. What is Scoptophilia? 1. You get more pleasure from imagery than the actual action. 21. Define Male Gaze: 1. Filmmaking techniques that force you to watch at a male point of view. 22. What are the gender implications of a Male Gaze? 1. Women are objects: objects of pleasure or male aggression. 2. Objectifies women, "body part fixation". 23. Define Double Blind under the Male Gaze: 1. Awoman watching a movie as a man objectifies herself. 24. What are the two critiques of Male Gaze? 1. No movie is solely from male point of view. 2. What if movies were made from Women's point of view? 25. Summary of Thelma and Louise? 1. "Meek housewife Thelma (Geena Davis) joins her friend Louise (Susan Sarandon), an indepen- dent waitress, on a short fishing trip. However, their trip becomes a flight from the law when Louise shoots and kills a man who tries to rape Thelma at a bar. Louise decides to flee to Mexico, and Thelma joins her. On the way, Thelma falls for sexy young thief J.D. (Brad Pitt) and the sym- pathetic Detective Slocumb (Harvey Keitel) tries to convince the two women to surrender before their fates are sealed." 2. Darryl = Thelma's husband -- moronic hothead. 3. Harlan (Timothy Carhart) = guy who raped Louise. 1. Even tried to play it off as, "we were just trying to have fun."And when he says he wishes he would've raped Thelma, Louise shoots him dead. 2. Hal Slocumb (Harvey Keitel) = state police investigator that is assigned to Harlan's case, but he immediately is sympathetic to the girls because he doesn't think the incident adds up. 3. Louise gets Jimmy to wire her money to Oklahoma City, where they can go through to Texas to get to Mexico. (instead of the wire transfer, he shows up) 4. JD (Brad Pitt) = hitchhiker that charms Thelma. He is aware that is something is going on and they need to avoid state police. Louise is skeptical of him. JD tells Thelma that he is a semi- professional thief. (so, jokes on Thelma, she's a victim) He is picked up by Hal and tells him everything. 4. The girls continuously encounter a truck driver, so they finally ask him to pull over and they con- front the driver about his behavior and expect him to apologize. When the man becomes annoyed, they set fire to his gas rig tank. 5. The girls are being chased by helicopters and police, so they drive off a cliff because they do not want to lose their sense of freedom. 6. By the end of the film the women are done settling, therefore they commit suicide. 26. What year was Thelma and Louise Made? 1. 1991. 2. Significant because women were on the rise. (for example, four women were elected to Senate in '92. 27. What movie did Thelma and Louise tip there hat to? 1. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. 28. Who was the director of Thelma and Louise? 1. Ridley Scott. 29. Who was Louis from the movie? 1. Susan Sarandon. 2. Louise suffers "great remorse" about the murder, it undermines her former take-charge mentality. 3. Gives the leadership over to Thelma, because she forsees it ending in disaster. 30. Who was Thelma? 1. Geena Davis. 2. Having the time of her life, because she is finally free. 31. Who was Michael Madsen? 1. Jimmy = Louise's boyfriend. 32. Who was Brad Pitt? 1. J.D.. 33. Who was the screenwriter of Thelma and Louise? 1. Callie Khour. 2. "To me, the ending was symbolic, not literal...You were left with the image of them flying. They flew away, out of this world and into the mass unconsciousness. Women who are completely free from all the shackles that restrain them have no place in this world. The world is not big enough to support them ... I loved that ending and I loved the imagery. After all they went through, I didn't want anybody to be able to touch them." 34. What is a Female Controversy of Thelma and Louise? 1. Retro and Irrelevant. 2. Celebrates liberated females and encouraged collective male bashing. 3. Many campus newspapers were highlighting the issues that were raised in the film, as well adver- tising for student to "catch the phenomenon." 4. People were divided about the film -- Pro or anti violence? Were the male characters exaggerated or true-to-life? 5. "A paean to transformative violence, an explicit fascist theme." - John Leo 6. Themes: freedom and women vs. men. 7. Freedom: 1) begins as an attempt for the women to be free. (for example, of work, relationships, and responsibilities) 2) Louise murders someone, so she has to become free of guilt -- another level of freedom, which leads to needing to be free of imprisonment. 3) When Thelma sleeps with JD, she becomes free of Darryl and when Louise rejects her boyfriend's proposal, she is rejecting commitment. 4) When Louise is talking about the words that flood her mind (electrocution, life in prison, incarceration) she then raises the question to Det. Slocumb of does she want to die, which is a foreshadowing of the end. 5) Because they decide to drive off of the cliff, they are actively choosing the motivation of freedom over common sense. 8. Women vs. Men: 1) 4 women vs. 20 males, aka, men are causing conflict with the two main women. 2)All the males are stereotypical characters, such as Daryl is pathetic and an egocentric husband who doesn't care about Thelma's wants, while Harlan is an abusive suitor that crosses the line and attempts rape, then JD becomes Themla's last chance for a good relationship and it turns out he's not that great. 9. Passed the Bechdel Test: a means of assessing a movie's treatment of its female characters in or- der to pass the test, a movie must have...1) at least two women in it, 2) women who talk to each other, and 3) talk about something other than a man or men. 1. The movie main theme was friendship, with each other, and not about males. 2. "For 129 glorious minutes, two women were the stars of their own lives, and their lives did not revolve around men." 10. The ending represented hope, a fulfillment, not death or punishment. 11. The sex scenes did not depict the women reaching for condoms, so that bothered people that they were portraying women actually engaging in sex. 35. Summary of Manchurian Candidate... 1. "Years after his squad was ambushed during the Gulf War, Major Ben Marco (Denzel Washing- ton) finds himself having terrible nightmares. He begins to doubt that his fellow squad-mate Ser- geant Raymond Shaw (Liev Schreiber), now a vice-presidential candidate, is the hero he remem- bers him being. As Marco's doubts deepen, Shaw's political power grows, and, when Marco finds a mysterious implant embedded in his back, the memory of what really happened begins to return." 36. When was The Manchurian Candidate released? 1. 1962 37. What genre of movie is The Manchurian Candidate? 1. Political thriller- classic Hollywood cinema. 38. Who is the director of The Manchurian Candidate? 1. John Frankenheimer 39. Who does Frank Sinatra Play in The Manchurian Candidate? 1. Major Bennet. 40. Who does Laurence Harvey play in The Manchurian Candidate? 1. Raymond Shaw. 41. Who doesAngela Lansbury play in The Manchurian Candidate? 1. Mrs. Eleanor Shaw 42. Who is The Manchurian Candidate? 1. Senator Iselin 43. What are the five element of Context for the Story? (Manchurian Candidate) 1. Communism. 2. Korean War. 3. Brainwashing is method of coercion. (the practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats) 4. Senator Joseph McCarthy: accused many of communism. 5. Rise of Television. 44. What are the three elements of context of the movie’s release? (Manchurian Candidate) 1. Kennedy/ Nixon Debate. 2. KennedyAssassination. 3. Vietnam War. 45. What are the three elements of context of today? (Manchurian Candidate) 1. Remake: only about the gulf war - Denzel. 2. Terrorist threats. 3. Wars in the Middle East. 46. What scene is censored n The Manchurian Candidate? 1. The Mother and son kiss scene. 47. What are the two elements of Historical context for Experimental films? 1. Nonrepresentational art: compositions which do not rely on visual references in the world. 2. Modern art or abstract/ challenging. 1. Modern art: artistic works produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s -- denoted the style and philosophy of the art produced during that era. 2. Abstract art: art that doesn't attempt to represent external reality, but seeks to achieve its ef- fect using shapes, forms, colors, and textures. (for example, romanticism, impressionism, and expressionism) 48. What are the three elements of political context for Experimental films? 1. To critique representational art. 1. Representational art (figurative art): references objects, or events in the real world. 2. To show the ugly side of things. 3. To show how to fix a problem. 49. Define Experimental Films: 1. Low budget, independently produced, short in length and function to critique classical Hollywood cinema and all other genres. 50. What are the three conventions of Experimental Films? 1. To make filmmaking techniques visible. 2. Discontinuous editing: the filmmaker will deliberately use an arrangement of shots that seem out of place or confusing relative to the traditional narrative. 1. Unique editing style in film that is antithetical (directly opposed or contrasted) to that of normal cinema. 2. Continuity editing: (post-production) to smooth over the inherent discontinuity of the editing process and to establish a logical coherence between shots) 3. Disturbing imagery. 51. What does Surrealism do? 1. Construct’s an inhuman world of our own making. 2. Surrealism: a 20th century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind. (for example, by the irrational juxtaposition of im- ages) 3. Defined as..."psychic automatism in its pure state by which we propose to express, verbally, in writing, or in any other manner -- the real process of thought." 52. Who is the creator of Surrealism? 1. Sigmund Freud. 2. His method of psychoanalytic interpretation could be used to bring forth and illuminate the un- conscious. 53. When did Surrealism come about? 1. Began as an art movement in the 1920's -- post WWI. 2. It changed how art was defined. 3. Combined elements of Dada and cubism to create something unknown to the art world. 4. Originally rejected. 54. What does Surrealism express? 1. Repressed and forbidden contents of the unconscious mind in the associational logic of dreams. 55. What are three important elements of Surrealism? 1. Condensation of images (and ideas) 2. Displacement of ideas or feelings. 3. Parental sexual themes. (for example, repressed feeling sexual and murderous desires) 56. Surrealism branched into two different types of Surrealists... 1. Automatists: thought that abstract art was the only way to convey images of subconscious, and that a lack of form was a way to rebel against traditional art. 1. Focused more on feeling. (basically, to be automatic) 2. Veristic Surrealists: believed subconscious images did have meaning. 1. These images are a metaphor, and if studied, they could enable the world to be understood. 57. What does Expressionism, from the notes, do in general? 1. Looks outward toward society. 2. Expressionism: a style of painting, music, or drama in which the artist or writer seeks to express emotional experience rather than impressions of the external world. 58. What does Expressionism dramatize? 1. The oppression of social conditions that drive people mad. 59. What are three important elements of Expressionism? 1. Dark, foreboding scenes. (for example, origins in film noir) 2. Shows subjects with extreme camera angles. (for example, asymmetrical composition -- not bal- anced and does not use the elements in equal amounts, not divisible into equal parts, and uses dis- similar elements which are not often repeated) 3. Magnifies emotional climates. 60. Two points about the band Pink Floyd? 1. Four original members. 2. Syd Barret dies of LSD overdose, known as spiritual leader. 61. When was The Wall (the film) released? 1. Movie =August 1, 1982 2. Album = November 30th, 1979. 1. The Wall serves as a connection bet. the voids within humanity and the lines of distrust amongst nations and cultures, which those same voids help create. 62. Who was the director of The Wall? 1. Alan Parker. 63. Who was the screen writer of The Wall? 1. Roger Waters. 64. Who was the animator of The Wall? 1. Gerald Scarfe. 65. Summary of The Wall... 1. He is to bridge the gaps bet. his band and the audience -- an honest attempt at getting fans to see how they trapped Roger Waters behind this rock 'n roll wall. 2. Roger's warning to himself is through the song, "The Thin Ice," and this song exemplifies the out- let which Roger created to express his vision. 3. At one point, we see a feeble Pink lying in a pool in the hotel, with blood surrounding his body, and his father fills his mind. Because of this, Roger tears his mask off and we begin to see his inner fields of gray. 4. "Another Brick In The Wall - part 1" is where we understand the grief Rogers feels from losing his father. 5. "The Happiest Days of Our Lives" takes us back to our childhood when life was simple -- and for Rogers and the band, this was a time that the English public school system was cruddy and the teachers controlled them. (for example, "fat and psychopathic wives") 6. The frightful images of faceless and selfless youths being ground into pig meat fills our eyes as the teacher whips the students into shape -- Roger changes it to the momentum of the memories of childhood. 7. "Goodbye Blue Sky" is deemed as Scarfe's frightened ones and we see the white dove of peace transform into a black bird of war, then head off into a giant factory where he will die. 8. After this, Scarfe shows just how savage human nature can become as we see innocent people's skulls shattered open by crazy people, while walls smash through churches and transform into jungles filled with cars, bricks, and money. 9. Side Note: Judy is Roger's wife. She basically controls him, because Roger's mother denied him women when he was a boy. "Don't Leave Me Now".At one point, Scarfe shows Roger an image of Judy looming over him, scaring Roger to death. 10. "Another Brick in the Wall - part 3" serves as the final acknowledgment that the wall has all been completed. (hatred and loneliness have Roger's soul = representation of cold bricks) 11. The brick wall separates him and the fans -- and separates Roger from the uncaring void of hu- manity. He is once again alone. 12. "Comfortably Numb" represents the metamorphosis (transformation) bet. Roger and Syd -- the wall forces Syd and Roger together. 13. "Is There Anybody Out There?" represents a dejected Roger -- but this image best showed Syd's defunct behavior, aka his breakdown from all the stardom, drugs, women, caused him to build a wall around his heart. (this shows the strong connection bet. Roger and Syd) 14. We now see Pink in his apartment trying to arrange the chaos he produced through his emptiness, trying to create as much art as Syd did. (art about a lost and open mind) 15. "Geldof's newfound identification with the subject matter enabled him to portray Pink all the more convincingly." - Schaffner. 16. Fast forward a lot: Roger has found himself with an unfamiliar soul, so he begins to create a chaotic future. "The idea that we changed from a lovable Pink Floyd that we all know and love into our evil alter egos." - Waters 17. People protest their injustices, we see them beaten, and because of this Roger screams "STOP!" and the evil alter ego vanishes. (his soul has to be examined by the prosecution of his teacher, wife, and mother) 18. The wall that separated Roger from humanity comes down and people cheer -- we see Rogers reason for creating these walls, but he HAD to tear them down. Hence, "Outside the Wall". 66. Pink is condensation of which two band members? 1. Syd Barret and Roger Waters. 67. Who is Bob Geldof? 1. Syd Barret. He is the lead singer of the boom town rats. 68. What aspects of British Society are shown? 1. Discrimination, school system, government. 69. What elements of surrealism are in The Wall? 1. Condensation of Mother and Wife. 70. Summary of The Player. 1. "A Hollywood studio executive is being sent death threats by a writer whose script he rejected, but which one?" 2. "A studio script screener gets on the bad side of a writer by not accepting his script. The writer is sending him threatening postcards. The screener tries to identify the writer in order to pay him off so he'll be left alone, and then in a case of mistaken identity gone awry, he accidentally gives the writer solid ammunition for blackmail. This plot is written on a backdrop of sleazy Hollywood deals and several subplots involving the politics of the industry." 71. What are the three "pitch phrases" of the movie The Player? 1. The Graduate part 2. 2. Out ofAfrica meets pretty woman. 3. "X" and Manchurian candidate. 72. Define Satire. 1. Exaggerates the conventions of film through humor with the purpose to critique genres. 73. Define Parody. 1. Exaggerates the conventions of film through humor with the purpose of celebrating genre. 74. The Player is a tribute to which film and why? 1. In 1958, a touch of evil, opening crane scene, 3 minutes. 75. How long is the Player's opening scene? 1. 7 minutes. 76. When was The Player released? 1. 1992 77. Who was the director of The Player? 1. RobertAltman. 78. Who was Tim Robins in The Player? 1. Griffin Mills. 79. Who was Gretta Scacchi in The Player? 1. June (his new gf). 80. Who is the screenwriter of the player? 1. Michael Tolkin. 81. Was it nominated for Oscars? 1. Nominated for 3 Oscars. (Best Director, Best Screenplay, and Best Film Editing) 2. Won two Golden Globes: Best Motion Picture, Best Performance - Tim Robbins.
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