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Health Behavior Change Model/Theory Table AssignmentDirections: Develop a table with the different behavior change models/theories using the resources (I-Learn) within the course as well as your text book (McKenzie, Neiger, & Thackeray, 2013-Chapters 7-9, & 11. The table will help you to organize the models, see what types of interventions/programs they work best with and understand them better for when you develop your program interventions. Develop this table to understand the models/theories and how to use them. Avoid just cutting and pasting the information to get the assignment done. The table should include the following: 1. Description of the Model/Theory—a. Brief description of the model and its purpose. 2. Constructs—a. Each model/theory has constructs or parts (Ex. Health Belief Model—Perceived Susceptibility, Perceived Severity, etc.). List each part and explain what they are.b. Constructs from the different models that can drive your interventions (Ex. Perceived Susceptibility & Severity—Communication intervention to show College Students how they are susceptible to missing out on school and falling behind if they are out sick with the flu/”Get your Flu Shot).3. Best Used With—a. List the types of programs or interventions the specific model/theory would best be used with (Ex. Theory of Freeing—Education or Health Belief Model-Screenings).Model/TheoryDescriptionConstructsBest UsedWithIntrapersonal Level-Stimulus Response (SR) TheoryThis program is used to explain and to modify the behavior of a given individual. It follows the assumption that learning results from events that reduce physiological drives that activate the behavior of an individual. a. positive reinforcement (reward for the behavior), negative reinforcement (the removal of a positive reinforcement), positive punishment (adding a negative reinforcer), negative punishment (removing a positive reinforcer) b. positive reinforcement – intervention to encourage suicidal college students to get involved with an Intrapersonal level programs, conditioning behavior in a classroom
uplifting activity or service. -Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA)/Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)This program focuses on the problem of incomplete volitional control. It deals with the reasons behind individuals making decisions. It follows the assumption that behavior is driven by attitudes, intentions and beliefs. a. Behavioral intentions (the perceived probability of performing a behavior), attitude (personally evaluating the behavior), subjective norm (motivation to behave in a way that captures attention of key people beliefs about whether they approve/disapprove) and perceived behavioral control (belief that the individual has control over performing behavior and can exercise that control) b. subjective norm – intervention to help college students feel more accepted by their peers, thus reducing risk of suicide. Lab screenings-Health Belief Model (HBM)This program was designed to help explain the use of health services. It deals specifically with the individual’s perceptions of the threat of illness and the recommendation of preventative care or counsel of how to manage the problem. It follows the assumption that certain beliefs and a. Perceived susceptibility (beliefs the individual has about the chance of getting a condition), perceived severity (beliefs about how serious a condition and its consequences are), perceived benefits (beliefs about how effective taking action may be to reduce risk or severity), perceived barriers (beliefs of the individual about costs of Personal interest, health education, check-ups, screenings and assessments, problem behavior that invokes health concerns, medical and disease prevention, social and educational programs.
predisposing factors have influence over whether or not action is taken.taking action), cues to action (factors that may trigger a readiness to change) and self-efficacy (confidence in one’s ability to act) b. perceived benefits – intervention to help college students to get focused help for anxiety and depression therefore driving their beliefs and confidence. -Protection Motivation Theory (PMT)This program deals with an explanation of the effects that fear has on health attitudes and behaviors. Basically how the individual weighs their options based on beliefs and fears. a. threat appraisal (a review of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards, perceived severity and vulnerability to threat), coping appraisal (a review of self-efficacy, response cost), adaptive coping (positive adaptation to threat), maladaptive coping (negative or no adaptation to threat) b. coping appraisal or adaptive coping – intervention to help college students understand and cope with suicidal threats by encouraging them to see what they can control.This has been used in the past for breast self- examinations, living wills, sun protection behavior/skin cancer, weight loss and bariatric surgery. -Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion (ELM)The original design of this model was to explain how persuasion messages aimed at changing the attitude ofa. central route (deep consideration of implied action), peripheral route (minimal thought and superficial clues,), Predict impact of health messages, message tailoring
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