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Clemson - LAW 3220 - Class Notes - Week 1

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Clemson - LAW 3220 - Class Notes - Week 1

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background image Law  322   Chapter  3  &  4  Notes   Chapter  3  
Basic  Trial  Procedures  
  •  **On  test**Federal  Rules  of  Civil  Procedure-­‐govern  litigation  in  the  U.S  in   civil  trials   o  Most  states  have  adopted  these  rules  
o  They  say  these  are  steps  (basic  trial  procedure)  of  the  trial  and  they  
go  in  this  order   !   Pleading  Stage   •  Consists  of  a  complaint  and  an  answer  
•  The  plaintiff  files  a  complaint  with  the  court,  the  
complaint  has  to  include  why  the  court  has  jurisdiction  
(subject  matter  and  personal  jurisdiction)  over  this  
dispute,  a  summary  of  the  facts  (why  are  we  here),  and  
what  remedy  the  plaintiff  is  asking,  if  they  win  what  are  
they  asking  for    
•  The  plaintiff  makes  sure  that  the  complaint  and  the   summons  gets  personally  served  on  the  defendant   o  If  this  doesn’t  happen,  then  you  don’t  have   personal  jurisdiction   •  The  defendant  files  an  answer  (a  legal  term)  to  the   complaint.  The  answer  can  include  a  motion  to  the  court  
to  dismiss  the  case  for  a  lack  of  jurisdiction,  an  
allegation  that  the  court  needs  to  dismiss  this  complaint  
because  there’s  no  law  against  it,  affirmative  defense  
saying  even  if  what  the  plaintiff  is  saying  is  true  you  
can’t  fine  me,  examples  of  affirmative  defenses:  statue  
of  limitations  (a  limited  amount  of  time  that  the  
defendant  has  to  file  the  complaint),  assumption  of  risk  
(if  you  are  fully  informed  about  damages  but  you  use  it  
anyway),  contributory  negligence  (its  okay  to  look  at  
the  plaintiffs  actions,  it’s  a  partial  defense),  a  counter  
claim  (a  statement  by  the  defendant  filing  a  complaint  
against  the  plaintiff)   o  **On  test**Defendant  files  an  answer  to  the   complaint,  plaintiff  files  a  reply  if  there  is  a   counter  claim   •  Its  common  for  the  defendant  to  admit  or  deny  the   complaint  in  the  answer   !   Discovery  Stage   •  Designed  to:   o  Encourage  pretrial  settle  
o  Preserve  evidence    
background image •  Court  strongly  enforces  discovery  in  civil  trials  
•  Types  of  discovery  
o  Depositions-­‐you  being  questioned  and   answering  under  oath,  can  be  used  just  like  
testimonies  of  trial  
o  Written  interrogatories  –get  a  list  of  written   questions  and  have  time  to  look  things  up  and  
respond  to  the  questions  in  writing  under  oath  
o  Order  for  production  of  documents-­‐businesses   cringe  about  this,  very  time  consuming  and  
expensive,  if  they  hide  any  documents  the  court  
will  be  all  over  them   o  Request  for  admissions  of  fact-­‐we  need  to   determine  the  facts  now  and  upfront,  the  court   encourages  this  to  get  a  certain  amount  of  facts  
out  of  the  way  
o  Order  for  mental  or  physical  exam-­‐certain   crimes  require  a  certain  state  of  mind   •  Court  takes  discovery  very  seriously  and  has  two   weapons  **look  these  up**   •  At  the  end  of  discovery,  either  party  can  make  a  motion   for  summary  judgment   o  Look,  you’ve  seen  all  the  facts  and  you  know   what  that  law  is  and  you  know  who  should  win,  
the  judge  can  render  an  opinion  right  then  and  
the  trial  is  over   •  Each  party,  to  their  litigation,  bares  their  own  cost  in   the  U.S,  in  the  U.K,  the  loser  pays  the  winners  legal  costs   !   Pretrial  stage  (optional  stage)   •  The  plaintiff,  lawyer,  and  judge  are  there  
•  Used  to  clarify  any  open  issues,  or  to  clarify  the  courts  
calendar   •  Its  an  ideal  situation  for  the  judge  to  strongly  encourage   the  parties  to  settle  out  of  court   !   Trial  Stage   •  1 st -­‐  whether  or  not  you  ask  for  a  jury  trial   o  Only  entitled  to  jury  trial  when  they  are   monetary  damages   •  Voir  Dire-­‐  lawyers  questions  the  jurors  to  see  if  they  are   biased  towards  the  case,  lawyers  have  a  limited  number   of  exclusions,  unlimited  number  to  exclude  for  cause   •  Both  lawyers  make  opening  statements     o  Not  evidence  or  testimony,  saying  here  is  what   I’m  going  to  prove   •  Direct  testimony  and  evidence  
background image •  Lawyers  get  to  make  a  closing  statement  saying  here  is   what  I  proved   •  Motion  for  a  directed  verdict-­‐  its  clear  a  certain  client   wins  on  the  spot   •  Send  the  case  to  the  jury  if  no  motion  for  a  directed   verdict   •  The  judge  will  summarize  the  law,  who  has  the  burden   of  proof  and  what  it  is   •  Jury  reaches  a  verdict,  either  lawyer  can  stand  up  and   make  a  motion  for  the  judgment  against  the  verdict   •  If  the  judge  agrees,  he  can  reverse  the  verdict   !   Remedies   •  Monetary  damages   o  Compensatory  damages-­‐made  to  compensate   you  for  economic  loses  occurred  like  cost  for  
physical  therapy,  designed  to  put  them  back  into  
the  same  economic  position  had  you  not  violated  
the  law  
o  Punitive  damages-­‐if  someone  violates  the  law   and  its  not  the  first  time  they  have  done  it,  the  
judge  can  asses  these  damages,  designed  to  get  
your  attention  and  change  your  conduct   o  Nominal  damages-­‐  we  agree  you  violated  the  law   but  there  weren’t  any  damages   •  Equitable  relief   o  Specific  Performance-­‐Court  order  specially   ordering  the  other  party  to  do  something  like  a  
unique  piece  of  property  that  money  cant  
compensate  it,  won’t  happen  over  services  like  
saying  someone  will  paint  their  house  
o  Injunction-­‐Asking  for  a  court  issue  injunction   asking  them  not  to  do  something,  husband  and  
wife  are  getting  divorced,  husband  puts  the  
house  on  the  market,  wife  can  go  to  court  and  
say  she  owns  the  house,  the  court  can  issue  an  
injunction  saying  he  cannot  sell  the  house  until  
the  divorce  preceding’s  are  finished,  asking  them  
not  to  do  something  until  something  else  occurs  
!   Appellate  stage   •  Get  here  by  filing  a  written  brief  to  the  appellate  court   saying  this  is  what  was  done  wrong   o  You  cannot  appeal  questions  of  fact   •  Three  types  of  decisions:   o  Majority  opinion-­‐means  2  of  the  3  agree  that   party  A  wins  and  he  wins  for  this  reason  

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School: Clemson University
Department: Law
Course: Legal Environment of Business
Professor: Edward Claggett
Term: Fall 2015
Tags: Law
Name: Law 322 Week 2 Notes
Description: These notes cover Chapters 3 and 4.
Uploaded: 01/12/2016
8 Pages 66 Views 52 Unlocks
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