PSY 330 - Cognitive Psychology - Exam #2 w/ Answers
PSY 330 - Cognitive Psychology - Exam #2 w/ Answers PSY 330
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kevin Walton on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 330 at Drexel University taught by Christopher R Sims in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Psychlogy at Drexel University.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
PSY330 Exam #2, Summer 2014 Your name: Kevin Walton You may use the textbook and all class notes and material on our class website but of course you may not consult with anyone at any time during the exam submission period and you may not use any internet sources other than our Learn site. You are honor bound to take no more than 90 minutes to complete the exam: this includes the time to read the questions (so if you look over the exam and come back to it, the time you spent initially scanning it counts against the time limit). You may answer using bullet points or full sentences as long as your meaning is clear. Each question is worth 3.3 points. I’ve started the exam on the following page so that you can start timing if you decide to review it first. You may do the exam at any time between now and 11PM Tuesday July 15. It’s due via email to me in Word—not PDF, not Open Office. Late submissions for any reason will not be accepted. You’re being given a very wide window in which to complete this task. **NOTE** Selected Multiple Choice Answers are Bolded and Red 63 For multiple choice, please bold the entire correct answer, not just the letter accompanying it. 1. Pulling information from memory is called a. encoding b. decoding c. storage d. retrieval 2. Shortterm memory is characterized by a. limited time span but large “storage” capacity b. large time span but limited “storage” capacity c. limited time span and limited “storage” capacity d. large time span and large “storage” capacity 3. What is longterm potentiation and what structure does it require? Long term potentiation is the process of encoding information into longterm memory. It requires a healthy Hippocampus! 4. Longterm memory is characterized by a. limited time span but large “storage” capacity b. large time span but limited “storage” capacity c. limited time span and limited “storage” capacity d. large time span and large “storage” capacity 5. What are the components of working memory and what do they do? Central Executive Directing Resource Allocation – AKA the “working” part of Working Memory. ShortTerm memory can be extended by actively working with the material. Visuospatial Sketchpad or Scratchpad (Visual) – Aids the individual with recalling visual material Articulatory Loop (Auditory) – Aids the individual with recalling auditory material 6. Why is chunking seen as helpful in making the most of short term memory’s capacity? 64 Chunking is helpful in making the most of short term memory’s capacity because it reduces the overall number of things a person needs to remember (for example instead of remembering the 5 letters w, o, r, d, and s a person would remember “words” instead, making the individual remember 1 item instead of 5 separate ones. 65 7. A gold medal winner in the Olympics can still recall in great detail the experience of standing on the podium receiving the medal. This is an example of ___ memory. a. photographic b. cinematic c. iconic d. flashbulb 8. A structure involved in implicit memory is a. hippocampus b. hypothalamus c. basal ganglia d. corpus callosum 9. Our tendency to be more likely to remember information about ourselves is called: The “narcissistic” or “selfreference” trait 10. What does it mean to say that memory is constructive? To quote the lecture slides, memory is said to be constructive because “we don’t insert memories for later removal as we would put money in a savings account.” Building memory is a dynamic and continuous process. People do not get to choose what they remember and forget. 11. Visual sensory store is called: Iconic Memory 12. Auditory sensory store is called: Echoic Memory 66 For the next five questions, use the following information: H.M. received hippocampal surgery fiftyplus years ago and after that could mirror write and learn motor skills normally but could recall new information presented to him, did not recall events in his life since the surgery, and had little recall for the events a few years before his surgery. 13. H.M. demonstrated relative preservation of the ______ memory system. 9 a. declarative b. nondeclarative c. longterm 14. Memory for facts and acquired knowledge is described as ___ memory. 10 a. episodic 11 b. semantic 12 c. implicit 13 15. Eventbased memory is described as ___ memory. a. episodic b. semantic c. implicit 16. H.M.’s inability to learn new information is described as a. retrograde amnesia b. retroactive inhibition c. anterograde amnesia d. proactive inhibition 17. H.M.’s inability to recall information learned before his surgery is described as a. retrograde amnesia b. retroactive inhibition c. anterograde amnesia d. proactive inhibition 18. The saying “you never forget how to ride a bicycle” is referring to a. explicit memory b. implicit memory c. postural position effect 19. In the serial position effect, the items that are best recalled immediately are those a. presented first b. presented last c. presented in the middle 67 20. This is due to the a. primacy effect b. recency effect c. inhibition effect d. availability effect 21. In the serial position effect, the items that are secondbest recalled immediately can be explained by the a. primacy effect b. recency effect c. inhibition effect d. availability effect 22. A research participant is presented with the three lists below (a, b, and c), all dogs. The first list is presented and the person is asked to immediately recall it. Then the second list is presented and the person is immediately asked to recall that one. Finally, the third list is presented and the person is asked to recall that one. a. beagle, terrier, golden retriever, shepherd, hound, mastiff, New Guinea singing dog b. mutt, basset hound, collie, husky, sheepdog, goldendoodle, Nova Scotia retriever c. cocker spaniel, poodle, greyhound, pointer, malamute, labradoodle, Danish chicken dog 23. Which list (a, b, or c) will be best remembered? List A 24. Which list (a, b, or c) will be worst remembered? List C 25. When the following list of birds (canary, parrot, eagle, blue jay, robin, sparrow, peach faced lovebird) is then presented, performance _____. a. stays the same as it was for list (c) b. gets worse than it was for list (c) c. gets better than it was for list (c) 26. What is the name of the phenomenon demonstrated in question #24? Buildup of Proactive Inhibition 27. What is the name of the phenomenon demonstrated in question #25? Release from Proactive Inhibition 68 69 28. What is our inability to recall the first three years or so of life called? Infantile Amnesia 29. Give an example of how long term memory can affect short term memory. Proactive Inhibition – conflicting information that has been learned previously and stored in longterm memory may inhibit the learning of new information going forward 30. Give an example of misattribution. Misattribution is when someone remembers the correct information, but attributes it to the wrong source. For example, misattribution frequently occurs when people are asked to identify a criminal by their facial features. They may correctly remember what the person looks like, but may remember them from somewhere else other than the crime in question. Unfortunately, many people have been wrongly convicted based on misattributed eyewitness testimony. 70
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