BIOL 1040 | Exam 1 Study Guide
BIOL 1040 | Exam 1 Study Guide BIOL 1040
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Stewart on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1040 at Clemson University taught by Dr. William Surver in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 182 views. For similar materials see General Biology II in Biology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
Exam 1 Study Guide | BIOL 1040 Chapter 33: Basic Form and Function of the Animal Body *Be able to define and give examples of each of these terms Dorsal/Ventral Cavity 4 main tissues: 1. Epithelial 2. Connective 3. Muscle 4. Nervous Homeostasis Positive/negative feedback loops Chapter 34: Animal Digestive System *Be able to define and give examples of terms, and understand the functions of specialized organs *Memorize protein/carbohydrate digestion diagrams in PowerPoints Types of Digestive Systems: • Food vacuoles • Gastrovascular cavity • Alimentary canal Typical Digestive System • Oral cavity • Stomach • Small intestine • Large intestine Food processing has 4 stages: 1. Ingestion 2. Digestion 3. Absorption 4. Elimination Breakdown of macromolecules occurs: Protein -----------> amino acids Disaccharide ----------> monosaccharide Nucleic acid ----------> nucleotides Fat ----------> fatty acid Important Vocab: Accessory digestive glands Peristalsis Pepsin Villi/microvilli Chapter 35: Neurons and the Nervous System *Be able to define and give examples of terms, understand how the resting and action potential of a neuron functions *Review membrane of a cell, diffusion, active transport Neuron Structure/types Nervous system consists of: • Central nervous system (CNS) • Peripheral nervous system (PNS) • Motor nervous system • Automatic nervous system Nervous system requirements Neuron Function: • Resting potential (Na+/K+ equilibrium) • Action potential - Reaches threshold - Depolarization - Repolarization - Hyperpolarization Chemical Synapse Function Neurotransmitters: • E.P.S.P. • I.P.S.P. Bilaterally symmetrical animals most evolved • Cephalization • Centralization • Presence of ganglia Important Vocab: Glial cells Propagation Synapse Threshold-discrimination Synaptic cleft Chapter 37: Hormones and the Endocrine System *Must know differences between the 2 groups of hormones *Understand the functions of each organ involved in the endocrine system Types of chemical messengers: • Hormones • Neurotransmitters • Local signaling molecules • Pheromones Hormone Signaling, 3 stages: 1. Reception 2. Signal transduction 3. Response Two groups of hormones • Water-soluble • Lipid-soluble Vertebrate Endocrine System • Ductless glands • Hypothalamus • Pituitary (posterior and anterior) • Pancreas How are hormones used in insect metamorphosis?
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