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CLEMSON / Biology / MICR 1040 / How are hormones used in insect metamorphosis?

How are hormones used in insect metamorphosis?

How are hormones used in insect metamorphosis?

Description

School: Clemson University
Department: Biology
Course: General Biology II
Professor: William surver
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Biology, Surver, and Clemson
Cost: 50
Name: BIOL 1040 | Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: A guide on what concepts and vocabulary you need to know for Exam 1
Uploaded: 01/14/2016
5 Pages 49 Views 8 Unlocks
Reviews

Rosina Carter (Rating: )

You're awesome! I'll be using your notes for sure moving forward :D



Exam 1 Study Guide | BIOL 1040


How are hormones used in insect metamorphosis?



Chapter 33: Basic Form and Function of the Animal Body

*Be able to define and give examples of each of these terms

Dorsal/Ventral Cavity

4 main tissues:

1. Epithelial

2. Connective

3. Muscle

4. Nervous  

Homeostasis

Positive/negative feedback loops

Chapter 34: Animal Digestive System

*Be able to define and give examples of terms, and understand the functions of  specialized organs

*Memorize protein/carbohydrate digestion diagrams in PowerPoints Types of Digestive Systems:

• Food vacuoles

• Gastrovascular cavity

• Alimentary canal


What is the most common chemical messenger?



Typical Digestive System

• Oral cavity

• Stomach

• Small intestine

• Large intestine If you want to learn more check out What is the definition of key information?

Food processing has 4 stages:

1. Ingestion

2. Digestion

3. Absorption

4. Elimination  

Breakdown of macromolecules occurs:   Protein -----------> amino acids  Disaccharide ----------> monosaccharide  Nucleic acid ----------> nucleotides  Fat ----------> fatty acid  

Important Vocab:

Accessory digestive glands 

Peristalsis 

Pepsin 

Villi/microvilli

Chapter 35: Neurons and the Nervous System


What are the major functions of a neuron?



Don't forget about the age old question of Where is each macromolecule broken down?
Don't forget about the age old question of When did charles vi pass away?

*Be able to define and give examples of terms, understand how the resting and action  potential of a neuron functions

*Review membrane of a cell, diffusion, active transport

Neuron Structure/types

Nervous system consists of:

• Central nervous system (CNS)

• Peripheral nervous system (PNS)

• Motor nervous system

• Automatic nervous system

Nervous system requirements

Neuron Function:

• Resting potential (Na+/K+ equilibrium)

• Action potential  

- Reaches threshold

- Depolarization

- Repolarization

- Hyperpolarization

Chemical Synapse Function

Neurotransmitters:

• E.P.S.P.

• I.P.S.P.

Bilaterally symmetrical animals most evolved

• Cephalization

• Centralization  

• Presence of ganglia Don't forget about the age old question of Can you lose brain cells?
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the 4 major groups of protists?
Don't forget about the age old question of How do you determine valence electrons?

Important Vocab:

Glial cells 

Propagation 

Synapse 

Threshold-discrimination 

Synaptic cleft 

Chapter 37: Hormones and the Endocrine System

*Must know differences between the 2 groups of hormones *Understand the functions of each organ involved in the endocrine system Types of chemical messengers:

• Hormones

• Neurotransmitters

• Local signaling molecules

• Pheromones  

Hormone Signaling, 3 stages:

1. Reception

2. Signal transduction

3. Response

Two groups of hormones

• Water-soluble

• Lipid-soluble  

Vertebrate Endocrine System

• Ductless glands  

• Hypothalamus  

• Pituitary (posterior and anterior)

• Pancreas  

How are hormones used in insect metamorphosis?

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