Exam One Study Guide
Exam One Study Guide BIO 151
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chelsea Notetaker on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 151 at Central Michigan University taught by Professor Learman in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see Human Biology in Biology at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 01/14/16
Exam One Study Guide Exam is on Thursday, February 4 th Be able to: Chapter 1 Define biology Identify and describe basic characteristics of life, characteristics that all living organisms share, which define ‘life’ -determine if something is living or not based on these characteristics Describe and provide examples for various ways living things are organized: include organization from small (molecule) to large (biosphere) Understand the importance of classification and evolution in comprehending living things Differentiate between different types of living organisms discussed in class (evolutionary relationships included) Describe how humans fit in among other living and nonliving things on Earth Identify uniquely human characteristics Discuss your opinion of the role of humans on planet Earth Define science Understand, describe and define the scientific process and the scientific method Explain why scientific knowledge and the scientific process is relevant and important Be able to design an experiment which follows the scientific method Explain how replication, control, placebo and bind are used in experimental design and why Define the difference between scientific theory and hypothesis Be able to interpret graphical data from an experiment Discuss the importance of statistics in experimental design and representation Discuss the importance of critical thinking and self-education (in particular with human health and personal choices) Explain the scientific process in research, drug development, clinical trials Evaluate sources of scientific information Define biological and scientific literacy Discuss skills important in becoming a critical thinker Discuss examples of informed consent (or lack of) in history How is biological literacy important for maintenance of your health and preservation of your life? Be able to discuss any specific examples previously discussed in class, class activities or homework assignments. Chapters 2, 3, 19, 21 Define a chemical reaction Define matter Know the three states of matter Define elements List the elements which make up the majority of the human body Define atom Discuss characteristics and behavior of different parts of an atom, including how the behaviors of electrons determine atomic behavior Explain how isotopes differ from atoms, discuss the harmful and beneficial sides of radiation Differentiate between a neutral atom and an ion (there’s a clue right there, ‘neutral’) What is a bond, what is its function Compare and contrast between the three types of bonds, and be able to recognize them Explain the role of electrons in each bond Know which are the weakest and which are the strongest, and why Explain a biological function of each of the three bonds Know the difference between a single and a double covalent bond Differentiate between molecules and compounds Why is water known as ‘the solvent of life’ and why is it so important for the human body Explain important properties of water, why they’re important to life Why is it relevant that some substances will or won’t react with water? Which bond is responsible for water’s unique properties? Understand the differences of behavior between water molecules in each phase, and with varying temperatures Explain what happens when acids or bases are added to water Define buffer, and know its importance Define pH, explain its ranges, know which values indicate acid vs base Explain the relevance of carbon, why it’s the ‘building block of life’ Be VERY familiar with everything to do with the four macromolecules Define cell
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