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PSY 256 (Brain and Behavior), Chapter 3 Study Guide

by: reh5282

PSY 256 (Brain and Behavior), Chapter 3 Study Guide 256

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About this Document

This is a short multiple choice study guide to help you prepare for the upcoming test.
Brain and Behavior
Dr. Rachel Kohman
Study Guide
Psychology, brain, and, behavior, Chapter3
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by reh5282 on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 256 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Rachel Kohman in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Brain and Behavior in psy at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.


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Date Created: 01/14/16
Chapter 3 – Structure of the Nervous System Study Guide 1. A patient is rushed to the emergency department with a broken right arm and a broken left leg. The two limbs are ____ to each other. a. Parallel b. Contralateral 2. A mad scientist is stimulating the motor cortex on the right side of his patient’s brain. Which part of the patient’s body is likely to respond? a. The right side of the face b. The left foot 3. The cerebral cortex of an embryo has formed four of the six layers it will eventually form. Which later contains the newest cells? a. The middle layer b. The outermost layer 4. Patients who are given morphine have a decreased sensitivity to pain because neurons in this region are stimulated. a. Substantia nigra b. Periaqueductal gray matter 5. A person with damage to this region might have trouble drawing maps or following them. a. Primary motor cortex b. Somatosensory association cortex 6. The end of cortical development occurs with ___ of the progenitor cells. a. Symmetrical division b. Apoptosis 7. Damage to this nerve might result in difficulty swallowing a. Hypoglossal nerve b. Trigeminal nerve 8. The veterinarian observes an abnormality on the rostral region of your pet alligator. You know the abnormality is located near the alligator’s a. Nose b. Tail 9. This nervous system is active during digestion. a. Peripheral nervous system b. Parasympathetic nervous system 10. Damage to which part of the neural tube might result in damage to the cerebellum? a. Hindbrain b. Midbrain 11. A human-sized brain that was completely smooth and had no grooves would be expected to have a. One third the amount of surface area of a normally grooved brain b. Twice the amount of surface area of a normally grooved brain 12. Which of the following, if true, would provide the strongest evidence that intellectual learning actually changes the structure of the brain? a. Evidence of neurogenesis is seen in the hippocampus, the are of the brain involved in learning b. Evidence of apoptosis is seen in animals such as dolphins that seem to show the ability to learn 13. The corpus callosum of a patient is cut. The person is shown the word “apple.” Which of the following explains what she will perceive? a. The right side of the brain would be able to read the word and say it out loud. The left side of the brain would be able to draw a picture of an apple. b. The left side of the brain would be able to read the word and say it out loud. The right side of the brain would be able to draw a picture of an apple. 14. The sympathetic nervous system is part of the a. Peripheral nervous system b. Autonomic nervous system 15. What is the goal of neuroscience research a. To understand how the brain works b. To cure mental illness 16. On a mouse, the eyes are more ___ than the front legs a. Lateral b. Rostral 17. Which layer of the meninges contains the cerebrospinal fluid? a. The subarachnoid membrane b. The pia mater c. The dura mater d. The subarachnoid space 18. The neuraxis is an imaginary line that extends from ___ a. The lower end of the spinal cord to the front tip of the brain b. The center of the spinal cord to the center of the brain 19. About how long does it take for half the CSF to be replaced by fresh fluid? a. 3 hours b. 3 weeks 20. Which part of the brain would a piano player rely on for improving her skills? a. The limbic cortex b. The motor association cortex 21. In the brain, clusters of neuron cell bodies are referred to as ___ a. Gray matter b. Primary cortex 22. The region around the lateral ventricles becomes the a. Thalamus b. Telencephalon 23. Which of the following is a feature of the central nervous system (CNS) but not the peripheral nervous system (PNS)? a. Central nervous system nerves are encased in bone b. Central nervous system nerves travel only in one direction


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