Unit : Chapter 6 Study Guide
Unit : Chapter 6 Study Guide Pols 1101
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Date Created: 01/15/16
Unit 2: Chapter 6 1. Which of the following would be considered part of the “mass media” in today’s society? television ▯ 2. What differentiates new media from other sources? It is interactive. 3. Which group of Americans is most likely to access news on a given day? those aged 65 and over ▯ 4. The Penny Press allowed citizens to do which of the following? ▯ ▯ access affordable news ▯ 5. Which of the following is true of print media? ▯ The print media provides more detailed stories about politics and government. ▯ 6. According to a 2012 poll, approximately what percentage of Americans reported that they read a newspaper the day before? ▯ ▯ 29 percent ▯ 7. When did radio transform mass media? ▯ in 1920 ▯ 8. When did Americans first encounter dramatic visual images of military conflict? ▯ 1 the Vietnam War 2 9. Which of the following has the highest percentage of Democrats in its audience? ▯ 1 MSNBC 2 10. Comparatively, which of the following groups is more likely to go online for news? ▯ ▯ younger adults ▯ 11. How did Barack Obama announce his vicepresidential selection during the 2008 campaign? ▯ through a text message ▯ 12. Which of the following applies to the system of media coverage in the United States? ▯ Media outlets may cover whatever they choose. ▯ 13. According to the text, what is the primary goal of privately owned media sources? ▯ 1 profitability 2 14. In which of the following countries would we consider the press to be highly regulated? ▯ China ▯ 15. What must an individual do in order to prove libel? ▯ 1 show that the media heedlessly disregarded the truth 2 16. Which government entity is responsible for regulating radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable communications? ▯ the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ▯ 17. Which of the following would be considered the most critical standard of journalistic professionalism? ▯ credibility ▯ 18. According to the Society of Professional Journalists, the news industry should be concerned with which of the following behaviors? ▯ ▯ seeking and reporting the truth ▯ 19. Which of the following played a role in establishing freedom of the press in the United States? ▯ ▯ the Virginia Declaration of Rights ▯ 20. What was the first newspaper to be continuously published in the United States? ▯ ▯ the Boston Newsletter ▯ 21. The publication of both the Federalist Papers and antiFederalist essays in newspapers reflected which of the following developments? ▯ the growing influence of political parties 22. Yellow journalism might include which of the following? ▯ ▯ fabricated news stories ▯ 23. The Society of Professional Journalists formed in response to which of the following? ▯ sensationalism in the media ▯ 24. Calls for journalistic reform in the early 20th century led to which of the following? 1 the establishment of journalism schools 2 25. The addition of independent editors to the newspaper industry allowed for more stories based on which of the following? ▯ quality ▯ 26. What ushered in the era of watchdog journalism? ▯ ▯ coverage of the Watergate breakin ▯ 27. The actions of Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein led to which of the following? ▯ 1 political controversy ▯ 28. How have political candidates reacted to the growing popularity of infotainment? ▯ 1 by making appearances on infotainment programs 29. Which of the following could be considered an advantage of infotainment? ▯ It attracts audiences who otherwise wouldn’t follow politics. ▯ 30. What role does the media play in setting the political agenda? ▯ 1 News outlets choose which stories receive public attention. 31. What happened when newspaper coverage of health care reform declined? ▯ Fewer people viewed it as the most important issue facing the country. ▯ 32. What is priming? ▯ press coverage of an issue influencing the way people think about related issues ▯ 33. According to the text, on which issue did the media prime the public in the runup to the 2004 presidential election? ▯ national security ▯ 34. How might the media “frame” the issue of budget cuts? ▯ by choosing certain words to refer to the budget cuts ▯ 35. If a reporter intended to frame gay marriage in a positive light, how might she do so? ▯ highlight the joyous reaction of gay couples following the Supreme Court decision to legalize samesex marriage ▯ 36. Individuals with more political knowledge are considered to be which of the following? ▯ less likely to accept media messages that contradict their ideology 37. Persuasion works best under which of the following circumstances? ▯ 1 Individuals lack knowledge of the subject. 2 ▯ 38. According to the text, which of the following affects the persuasiveness of the message? ▯ the credibility of the source 39. What important role is the media expected to serve during an election season? ▯ educating voters about candidates, parties, and policy ▯ 40. Which of the following media outlets particularly focuses on its role as an educator? ▯ PBS ▯ 41. According to the text, which of the following would be considered a media watchdog? ▯ a member of the White House press corps ▯ 42. The Obama campaign relied heavily on which of the following strategies for advertising? paying for extensive advertising on both old and new platforms ▯ 43. Which of the following would be considered “free media”? press coverage ▯ 44. Who was the first presidential candidate to take advantage of the power of new media during a campaign? ▯ Howard Dean ▯ 45. Which of the following is potentially responsible for the “trenchwarfare mentality” that characterizes Washington politics? the lax journalistic standards of new media outlets ▯ 46. Which of the following would be considered an advantage of the rise of new media? It provides greater access to information. 47. Which of the following would be considered a negative result of the rise of new media? ▯ increased political polarization ▯
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