New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Criminal Justice midterm review and final exam notes

by: Tatum Messer

Criminal Justice midterm review and final exam notes CJ 100

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > CJ 100 > Criminal Justice midterm review and final exam notes
Tatum Messer
GPA 3.53

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

a review of the material need to pass the first midterm
Intro to Criminal Justice
Douglas Klutz
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Intro to Criminal Justice

Popular in Department

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tatum Messer on Friday January 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 114 views.


Reviews for Criminal Justice midterm review and final exam notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/15/16
MIDTERM AND FINAL REVIEW AND GUIDE Corrections  Refers to all programs, services, facilities and organizations responsible for the management of the accused and convicted  Prisons jails probation parole halfway houses education and work release programs community service  70-75 billion a year spent in the us  Us has less than 5% of worlds population but almost 25% of worlds prisoners  1 in 100 adults were behind bars in prisons and jails  Total 7.5 million adults and juveniles under “corrections” History of Corrections  Penitentiary- an institution intended to punish criminals by isolating them from society so they can reflect on their crimes and reform The Pennsylvania System  Criminals could best be reformed if they were placed in penitentiaries  Separate confinement – inmates held in isolation from other inmates  Solitary confinement – would prevent further corruption New York System (rival)  Congregate system: prisoners held in isolation at night but worked with other prisoners in shops during the day  Worked under rule of silence and forbidden from even looking at each other  Industrial efficiency should be purpose of prisoners  Contract labor system : labor sold on a contractual basis to private employers private employers provided the equip. And inmates made products to sell. Cincinnati 1870:  Advocated new design for the penitentiary system  Reform should be rewarded by release  Indeterminate sentencing guidelines, instead of fixed sentences Corrections in the US  Each level of gov’t has some responsibilities for corrections  State and local gov’t pay about 90% of the cost of all correctional activities in the nation Models of incarceration  Custodial model : emphasizes security discipline and order  Rehabilitation : emphasizes treatment on drugs  Reintegration : emphasizes ties to families and communities Federal Bureau of Prisons  Created 1930 congress  Facilities and inmates are classified by security range  Level 1 least secure  Level 5 most secure  Penitentiary at Florence Colorado  ADX Florence – “Alcatraz of the rockies” State Correctional systems  40 states have created prisons that exceed maximum security  About 20K inmates are currently held in super max prisons. Probation ends in 1 of two ways  Offender successfully completes the period of probation  Probationary status to revoke because of a tech. violation  Once done sentence ends Parole  Provisional release from prison  Main goals- managing prison populations and incentivizing rehab. Types of intermediate sanctions 1. Fines: sum of money to be paid to the state by a convicted person as punishment for an offense. 2. Restitution- repayment to a victim who has suffered loss of the offense 3. Forfeiture- gov’t seizure property and other assets derived in criminal activity 4. Home confinement is another 5. Community service 6. Day Reporting Centers: Community correctional center where an offender reports each day to comply with elements of a sentence Private Prisons  Response to prison and jail overcrowding and rising costs  Argue that private enterprise can build and run prisons as effectively as gov’t but at lower cost to taxpayers  Private facilities hold approximately 6% of all state prisoners and 15% of all federal prisoners  Guaranteed occupancy rates Jails  Jails are used for detention and short term incarceration  Local facilities used to detain people awaiting trial  Also serve as a holding facility for social misfits  Super max- Colorado ADX Florence**** The contemporary jail  Approx. 3400 jails in the US  Because of constant inmate turnover they lack correctional services in jail  The mixture of offenders of differing ages and criminal histories is also a major problem Community Corrections  Community corrections seeks to build stability and success for offenders through the community  Finding employment opp is an imp. Component of community corretions  Based on the goal of finding “least restrictive alternative” Probation  Conditional release into the community  Submitting to drug tests, obeying curfews and staying away from certain people or parts of town  About 4.2 million offenders currently on probation Probation Officers  Thought of as police officers and social worker  Supervise clients to keep them out of trouble and enforce the sentence  Helps clients obtain housing, employment, and treatment services Caseloads  National prob association recommended a 50 unit caseload  Presidents commission on law enforcement reduced it to a 35 caseload Casey Anthony Case  Was found not guilty for first degree murder  Nor child abuse and aggravated man slaughter  Casey – mom  George and Cindy – grandparents  Cylee – child who died  Jose Byas – main defense attorney for Anthony Key Evidence  Strand of hair in the trunk  “air sampling procedure”  Same testing showed chloroform was found  Google search “chloroform”  Caylee’s remains found on December 11,2008  Found in trash bag with blanket and duct tape  CAUSE OF DEATH WAS UNDETERMINED Defense  Accidental drowning in family swimming pool  George Anthony disposed of the body  Defense said that casey lied because of her dysfunctional family  “fantasy forensics” – very little evidence to go on. Prosecution  Big mistakes made from them 1. Over-trying Casey Anthony 2. Over –Charging her  Caylee’s law was created and wanted to impose stricter requirements on parents to notify law when their child disappears or dies.  Felony is a parents or legal guardian fails to report a missing child in a timely manner New Evidence


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.